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The Titan Oceanus

The Titan Oceanus



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12 Titans in Greek Mythology: Who Were the Greek Titans?

The Greek Titans were the first race of Greek gods. There were 12 Elder Titans who were born from the union of Uranus, God of the sky, and Gaia, God of the earth.

The Greeks thought of the titans as extremely huge beings with a human form who controlled and manipulated the universe. There were 6 male Elder Titans, Cronus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus, Oceanus. And there were 6 female Elder Titans, Rhea, Tethys, Themis, Theia, Phoebe, Mnemosyne.

There were also a number of Titan children who came from the union of different Elder Titans. Prometheus, Epimetheus and Atlas were just a few of them.

The 12 Elder Greek Titans each have some interesting powers, symbols, stories and facts. So, lets dive!


He has above the standard powers of a Elder Titan one of the strongest possibly matching Kronos and Atlas in strength, because of his birth near the being of creation he was counted among the ancients one and one of the few beings to have rivaled his elder brothers Nersus and Pontus.

  • Hydrokinesis: Being the God of Oceans, he has near omnipotent control over water.
  • Cryokinesis: Control snow-capped regions and snow.
  • Oceanic domain: He has a set dominion over sea and ocean areas over the lesser Sea-gods, picks and chooses who rules over where.
  • Geokinesis : Due to being a son of Gaea, he has master manipulation abilities over the earth`s ground so that from Earthquakes to a large land slide, he can create such a huge earthquake that it could destroy the Underworld, Hades's realm.
  • Shapeshifting: The power to shape-shift
  • Atmokinesis: He possesses great control over the marine weather and can create all types of storms, which are more long lasting and destructive.
  • Life Mastery: Complete lordship over marine life and can command Sea Monsters.
  • Aerokinesis: He can control seasonal winds in the sea 
  • Keraunokinesis: control over lightning, though it didn't match that of the Hetkirhies.

Often hailed as the physically strongest of his siblings, being often portrayed as more burly than Kronos and Hyperion, Oceanus was so strong, he ripped out an entire Island and hurled it at the Giant, crushing him to death. He can bring forth great hurricanes and storms. He can unleash huge tsunamis and tidal waves. Oceanus is perhaps the only being who can challenge Pontos and match Poseidon, as he is shown to have similar powers as that of Poseidon. Oceanus also managed to gather other sea gods and ancient monsters to attack Poseidon on many fronts.

THE OKEANIDES or Oceanides were three thousand goddess Nymphs who presided over the sources of earth's fresh-water, ranging from rainclouds to subterranean springs and fountains. Their numbers included the Nephelai (Cloud-Nymphs) Aurai (Breeze-Nymphs) Naiades (Spring and Fountain Nymphs) Leimonides (Pasture Nymphs) Anthousai (Flower Nymphs) They were all daughters of the great, earth-encircling, fresh-water stream Oceanus and his wife Tethys.

The eldest among them were numbered among the Titanides, and the strongest amongst them. There power matching the 1st generation of Titanides often confused others thinking Ouranus as there father.

Oceanids Some notable Oceanids are

Asia, wife of Prometheus , mother of the one of only two humans to survive the great flood, Deucalion .

Callihroe, mother to Geryon the giant by the golden son of Poseidon , Chrysaor Dione , mother of Aphrodite by Zeus

Doris, mother to the 50 Nereids by Nereus

Electra, mother to Iris , the rainbow goddess, by Thaumas, sea-god of wonders and miracles

Eurynome, mother to the Graces by Zeus, wife of Ophion

Lethe, goddess of the river in Hades' realm, that mortals bathe in to forget their life on Earth

Metis , first wife of Zeus, goddess of wisdom and counsel, mother of Athena

Plouto, mother, by Zeus of King Dardanos, and thus ancestress of all Trojans , Dardanians and Romans

Styx , goddess of the Underworld river who married first Pallas, her cousin, and then Pyriphlegethon. Mother of Bia, Cratos, Nike and Zelos, by Pallas.

Styx oceanide-goddess Dione oceanide-goddess Neda oceanide-goddess Metis oceanide-goddess of wisdom, prophecy and the miricales of the sea Klymene oceanide-goddess of fame Eurynome oceanide-goddess Doris oceanide-goddess of mortal sea life and mother of merpeople Elektra oceanide-goddess

Some of the Okeanides personified divine blessings, such as Plouto (Wealth), Tykhe (Good Fortune), Telesto (Success), and Peitho (Persuasion). The goddess were ephemeral in nature much unlike there dark cousins the children of Nyx (Night), the Spirits of Harm.

Another group of younger Okeanides were attendants of the Olympian goddesses, the most prominent of these were the sixty Okeanis companions of Artemis, Peitho the handmaiden of Aphrodite, and Klymne a handmaiden of Hera.

The Okeanid Naiades were mostly Nymphs of springs, wells and fountains which never ran dry. Many were often the wives of the Potamoi (River-Gods) and mothers of a host of younger Naiades.

The Okeanides were very rarely Sea-Nymphs. It was only later, the last 1,000 or so Oceanus came to begat theses daughter nymphs came to be described as marine the others we're consider powerful or mid level goddes.

The Oceanids (Oh-she-ann-id)m the 3,000 daughters of the Titans Oceanus and Tethys. They were all Nymphs of the water by birth and immortal. Each Oceanid was either a patroness of a spring, sea, lake, pasture, cloud, flower, pond, river or powerful personification goddess. Oceanids were sometimes very closely associated with personified concepts and Titans like Calypso, Klymene, Asia, and Electra. Amphitrite was an Oceanid, and she was the wife of Poseidon. Sometimes though, Oceanids were Nereids. Oceanids were generally kind towards humans, and they inhabited both saltwater and freshwater. Oceanids have never been caught in any wars or significant fight, and they are just an mind their own business.

The Potamoi were river gods and the 3000 sons of the Titans Oceanus and Tethys. They were the brothers of the Oceanides, they were shown to be powerful aquatic deities and together there might could match there fathers. Each one personified a specific lake or river meaning the larger the body of water the stronger the potamoi most we've counted among the mid level deities but some also were strong enough to challenge Posedion or Nerses in power. They ruled over the fresh waters and there daughter were known as the Potamoides.

Aigaios, who saved Odysseus from the wrath of Poseidon

Acheron, whose river leads to Hades ' underground realm

Alpheos, who pursued the nymph Arethousa, who prayed to Artemis to be turned into a spring, whose waters now mix with Alpheos'

Asopus, whose daughters were carried away by the gods (notably Aegina, seduced by Zeus and grandmother of Achilles and Ajax )

Coctys, whose waters feed the lakes of Hades' realm

Eridanus, who cooled Phaethon when he fell from Helios ' chariot

Euphrates, who waters the Fertile Crescent

Eurotas, the first king of Lacadaemon(Sparta)

Ganges, who waters the Indian subcontinent

Haliacmon, whose riverbed forms the border between Thessaly and Macedon

Hydaspes, who stood against Dionysus in his war against the Indians

Inachus, who fathered Io and is thus the ancestor of all Greeks

Indus, who waters the Indian subcontinent

Istros, who waters Europe and Scythia, with the name Danube Meander, who judges the lawsuits of Asia Minor Pactolus, whose waters bathed King Minos, and relieved him of the golden curse Pyriphlegethon, whose fiery, lava-like waters mix with the river Styx in Hades' kingdom Scamander and Simoeis, rivers in Asia Minor who sided with Troy during the Trojan War and battled Hephaestus Tanais, who is now called the Don Tigris, who waters the Fertile Crescent


Second Generation Titans of Greek Mythology

Aloadae

The Aloadae or Aloads, in Greek Mythology, were Otus or Otos and Ephialtes, sons of Iphimedia, wife of Aloeus, by Poseidon, whom she persuaded to make her pregnant by going to the seashore and posing herself in the surf or scooping seawater into her bosom. From Aloeus, they received their surname, the Aloadae.

Anchiale

Anchiale, in Greek mythology, is one of the latest generations of Titans, and she represents the warmth of a fire. With Hestia being the fire goddess belonging to Mount Olympus

Asteria

Asteria or Asterie, in Greek mythology, was a daughter of the Titans Coeus and Phoebe and the sister of Leto. According to Hesiod, by the Titan Perses, she had a daughter named Hecate, goddess of witchcraft. Other authors made Asteria the mother of the fourth Heracles and Hecate by Zeus.

Astraeus

Astraeus, in Greek mythology, was a son of the Titans Crius and Eurybia. He was the god of the dusk and the winds.

Atlas

Atlas, in Greek Mythology, was the son of Iapetus and the Oceanid Clymene. He was thought by the ancient Greeks to hold up the sky, and his name means “he who carries”. His famous encounter was with the Greek Hero Heracles, one of whose labours was to obtain the Hesperides’ golden apples, female guidance of the fruit that mother earth, Gaia, presented to Hera at her marriage to Zeus.

Atlas offered to fetch them for Heracles if the hero took over his holding up the sky. When Atlas returned with the apples, he suggested that he deliver them himself, as Heracles was doing so well in holding up the sky.

The hero pretended to agree and then asked if Atlas would take the world for a moment so that he could find some pillows and adjust the weight on his shoulder, so tricking Atlas into resuming his lonely duty.

Aura, in Greek mythology, was the Titan goddess of the breeze and the fresh, cool air of the early morning. She was a virgin-huntress who was excessively proud of her maidenhood. In her hubris, she dared compare her body with that of the goddess Artemis, claiming the goddess was too womanly in the form of a real virgin.

Clymene

Clymene, in Greek mythology, was one of the elder Oceanids and the Titan goddess of fame and renown. She was the wife of the Titan Iapetus and the mother of Prometheus and Atlas. Clymene was also named Asia portrayed as the eponymous goddess of Anatolia (Asia Minor).

Dione

Dione was a divinatory Titan-goddess who presided over the Oracle at Dodona alongside Zeus. According to some, she was the mother of the goddess Aphrodite.

Eos (as Aurora in Roman mythology), in Greek mythology, was the dawn’s personification. According to the Greek poet Hesiod’s Theogony, she was the daughter of the Titan Hyperion and the Titaness Theia and sister of Helios, the sun god, and Selene, the moon goddess. She was the mother of the wandering stars (that is, the planets) and the four directional winds by the Titan Astraeus.

Epimetheus

Epimetheus, in Greek mythology, was one of the Titans, son of Iapetus and Clymene. He was the brother of Prometheus, Atlas and Menoetius. His name in Greek word means ‘afterthought’, which is the antonym of his brother’s name, Prometheus, meaning ‘forethought’.

Eurynome

Eurynome was one of the older Oceanids and the titan goddess of the water-meadow and pasturelands. She was married to Zeus, who bore him the Charites, goddesses of grace and beauty.

Hecate

Hecate was believed by some to be descended from the Titans. A Greek goddess with two entirely different aspects, in the day, she was supposed to have a benign influence on farming, but she was interested in witchcraft, ghosts, and tombs during the hours of darkness.

In many ways, similar to the vegetation goddess DEMETER, Hecate uncomfortably combined fertility with death as a power of the earth. The witch MEDEA, Jason’s rejected Colchian princess, used to invoke Hecate in her magic arts.

Hecate is usually portrayed with three faces. The Athenians were incredibly respectful towards her, and once a month, they placed offerings of food at crossroads, where her influence was said to be felt.

Helios

Helios was the Greek sun god and son of the Titan Hyperion. To the Romans, he was known as Sol. It was thought that Helios, after crossing the sky, sailed during the night around the earth in a golden bowl on the encircling waters of Oceanus and so arrived back in the east just before dawn.

Both the Romans and the Greeks held that the inhabited world was a large island surrounded by an ocean. Although Oceanus was sometimes described as a river, it stretched into the unimaginable distance and far from any shore.

Lelantos

Lelantos was a Titan god in Greek mythology, son of the Titans Coeus and Phoebe. He was the brother of Leto and Asteria. His name means “the unnoticed” or “unseen one”.

Leto was the daughter of the Titans Coeus and Phoebe, and she was the only few Titanesses to be worshipped in ancient Greece. However, her cult was commonly associated with her more famous son and daughter Apollo and Artemis, whose father was the sky god Zeus.

Leto may have given birth to her divine children on the sacred island of Delos, which a helpful Poseidon is said to have fastened permanently to the bottom of the sea with a giant pillar.

Later, one of Apollo’s most important temples was built on the island. Even the invading Persians respected the sanctuary when, in 490 BC, their fleet passed by on its way to punish the Eretrians and Athenians for providing aid to the Greek rebels who were fighting Persia in Asia Minor.

Menoetius

Metis

Pallas

Perses

Pleione

Prometheus

Prometheus was a son of the Titan Iapetus and one of the older Greek gods who sided with Zeus in the fight against his father, Cronus. His fame was due to his affection for humankind, to whom he gave fire. Zeus, the leader of the new and stronger gods, had hidden fire away, but Prometheus stole it and brought it to earth with him.

This act of betrayal to Zeus drew Prometheus into conflict with the mighty Zeus, who chained the rebellious Titan to a rock and sent an eagle to eat his liver. As the organ was immortal, it grew at night as fast as the bird could consume it by day.

Prometheus was only released when he gave Zeus the information that the sea Nymph Thetis, whom both Zeus and Poseidon were pursuing, would give birth to a son mightier than his father. Ensuring that Thetis married a mortal ruler, the newly victorious gods protected themselves because her son turned out to be a warrior, who will go down in the Greek mythology pantheon as Achilles, an invincible but not immortal fighter.


=History [ edit | edit source ]

The Titans are the children of Ouranus and Gaea, ancestors of the Olympian gods. Ouranus was 1st born and conceived by Gaea, the primeval mother-goddess who shared her life-force with that of the Earth. Ouranus mated with Gaea and fathered the Titans, the Elder gods of who were born physically perfect. Ouranus was greatly pleased by his progeny after he 1st mated with Gaea and she gave birth to the Cyclopes, three sons born with only one eye , Gaea greatly loved all her children, but Ouranus was greatly embarrassed by the Cyclops and the Hecatocheiroi and he imprisoned them away in Tartarus, the most dismal section of the extra dimensional underworld later known as Hades, so he would not have to look upon them. Gaea grieved greatly for the Cyclopes and the Hecatocheiroi and desired to free them from the underworld. She called upon the Titans for one of them brave enough to overthrow their father and free their brothers from the underworld, but they all refused from fear of him and his power. From among them, Kronus promised to carry out her wishes and took the scythe to wound Ouranus. Kronus overthrew his father's rule of the gods by wounding him. The hurt Ouranus prophesized that Kronus would likewise be overthrown by one of his own children. As a result of Ouranus' prophesy, upon the birth of his own children, Kronus had the infant imprisoned in Tartarus. The offspring he sent there were Hades, Hestia, Demeter and Hera. Instructed by Gaea, Rhea concealed her fifth and sixth pregnancy from Kronus and secretly gave birth to Posedion and Zeus Rhea gave the infant Zeus to the safekeeping of Gaea, who hid the baby in the cave of Dicte on Aegean Hill on the isle of Crete, where he was tended by various minor goddesses.

While Kronus ruled as king of the gods, he achieved a period of paradise upon earth without war or death and eventually became a god of time, As Zeus matured, he gathered a retinue of allies from his siblings, the Cyclops and the Hecatocheiroi as well as a few Titans disenchanted by Kronus. Zeus fought to conquer Olympus in a ten year war which ended with Zeus's victory. He imprisoned most of the male Titans in Tartarus and established himself as ruler of the gods, sharing his dominance of Earth with Poseidon and Hades, who took dominance over the seas and the underworld, respectively.

The Titan are colossal humanoid whose origins lie near the beginning of creation. A Titan is, to a giant, what a giant is to a human. They are enormous, gargantuan, massive, colossal, gigantic, They are easily the size of mountains, making them among the largest sentient beings in existence However, otherwise, their looks are basically humanoid. literally radiant as far as physical beauty). Likewise, the females are beautiful, almost always looking strong and healthy (though, again, a dainty, demure Titaness is not unheard of Theia, Titan goddess of heavenly light, Leto, Titan goddess of motherhood and womanly demure

they fear none, they bow to none, and only the gods themselves oppose them.

The abilities of the Titans, naturally, stem from their divine lineage. This means that, due mainly to their colossal stature, they innately possess Superhuman Strength, Durability, Endurance and Toughness physical impacts, magic, poisons, acid, diseases/sicknesses/illnesses, radiation, sonic attacks and the like do precious little to bring them harm. Furthermore, they are gifted with an alarmingly fast healing factor, and surprising longevity

Besides those capabilities, some may have physical powers, some mental powers, but whatever abilities they possess depends on the domain to which they are attuned. This often affords them great psychic insights or the ability to wield the raw, elemental forces of nature for weapons.

Overall, these beings are not to be trifled with. Whether they preside over some element of nature so base as animal life, or rule over one of the more potent elements like fire, water, earth or wind--or even dominate some fundamental force like time or intellect or mortality--their raw power far exceeds mortal comprehension. and competition.

The Titans are as large as mountains and appear to be mostly elemental, but they can change their sizes at will, most likely due to the fact that they were the first beings ever to roam the world. Though they are all not very physically beautiful, they possess immense physical strength and stamina. The Olympians appear more civilized and human than the Titans, whereas the Titans appear more ancient, earthly, and elemental.

Perses: The Titan of Destruction.

Epimetheus: The Titan of Hindsight.

Thera: The Titan of Lava, who is trapped inside a volcano in Atlantis.

The main powers that all Titans possessed are superhuman strength, superhuman stamina, superhuman durability, immortality and regenerative abilities. Some of the Titans may also possess some form of energy projection and the power to control and manipulate the elements which they embody. Oceanus and Perses seem to be covered in their respective elements, Oceanus being covered in Water and Lightning, and Perses is covered in Lava implying that they both could manipulate those elements. Gaia could also possess the power over Earth and possibly over the life on it. However, it is unknown what powers Rhea, mother of the six original Olympians, possesses, as she hasn't displayed her own powers in the series, as well as her current status and location being unknown, though it is likely she is deceased or living somewhere far away.


Second and Third generation

Although they are of this generation, the children of Kronos and Rhea are not counted among the Titans due to their rebellion, and the fact that they were concived when both Kronos and Rhea possessed the strength of heaven and the blessing of earth which each was born with a portion of making the capable of tapping into and thus making them much stronger then the average 2nd generation.

Children of Hyperion and Theia

Eos: Consort of Astraeus, Mother of wind gods and Titaness of the Dawn who sided with the Olympians .

Helios: Lord of Sight and Titan of the Sun who sided with the Olympians.

Selene: Consort of Endymion and Titaness of the Moon who sided with the Olympians.

Children of Iapetus and Clymene

Atlas: Bearer of Heaven and Titan of endurance.

Menoetius: Titan of Anger and Rashness.

Prometheus: Titan of Forethought and "Benefactor" of Mankind.

Epimetheus: Titan of Afterthought.

Children of Koios and Phoebe

Asteria: Titaness of Prophetic Dreams and Consort of Perses.

Leto: Titaness of Demurity and Protector of the Young.

Lelantos: Titan of Air and the Hunter's Skill of Stalking Prey

Children of Krios and Eurybia

Astraeus: Father of the wind gods and Consort of Eos

Perses: Titan of Destruction and Consort of Asteria

Pallas: Titan of Warfare and Consort of Styx

Children of Oceanus and Tethys

Oceanides: Daughters of the Ocean.

Potamoi: nymphs of the Rivers.

Dione: Goddess of the oracle of Dodona.

Tyche: Goddess of Luck and Fortune.

Horae: Goddesses of law and seasons

Muses: Goddesses of song, patriot of the arts.

Children of Atlas and Tethys

Calypso: Queen of Ogygia and daughter of Atlas

Children of Perses and Asteria

Children of Eos and Astraeus

Boreas: God of the North Wind and Lord of Winter.

Zephyrus: God of the West Wind and Lord of Spring.

Notus: God of South Wind and Lord of Summer.

Eurus: God of East Wind and Lord of Autumn.

Children of Styx and Pallas

Children of Helios and Hecate

Children of Thaumas and Electra

Iris: Messenger of the Olympians (iris messages) and goddess of rainbows

Arke: Messenger of the Titans

The power of the Titans is arguably equal to that of the gods as Kronos stated that the Olympians would fade soon after the destruction of their thrones. The Titans, however, had their entire mountain fortress on Mount Othrys destroyed millenniums ago, yet they have retained enough strength to lead a war against the Olympian gods. However, this is disputable as the Titans ultimately lost their first war to the gods, although not all the Titans fought Olympus (such as Oceanus or Prometheus) and the gods had the aid of the Hekatonchieres and Elder Cyclopes. It is possible that like the Titans, the Olympians might have just been left weak for a while after the destruction of their thrones. Also, the defeat of Kronos and the destruction of Mount Othrys left them extremely weak for thousands of years and only with the pledging of loyalty by dozens of demigods were the Titans able to rise again. It is also worth noting that by the onset of the Second Olympian War, Mount Othrys was fully restored and it was a major target by the Olympians during the war. According to Dionysus, Kronos' true divine form is so violent that mortals are incinerated by being in their very presence and it also empowers the other Titans. As he is the Titan King it is unknown if it applies for all Titans or just him. The Titans had complete dominion over the very elements of light, time, space, earth, air, water and fire and most likely 'gave birth' to the things they preside over (e.g. Selene & Helios being the Moon & Sun instead of a deity of the moon and sun like Artemis and Apollo). Some (or all) Titans possessed the ability to release an incredible wave of force (or energy), usually accompanied by a yell or flick of

The Titans who were each as tall as mountains and possess advanced physical attributes of the Olympian gods. Like all Olympians, they are immortal: they have has not aged since reaching adulthood and cannot die by any conventional means. They are immune to all Earthly diseases and are resistant to conventional injury. If any of then were somehow wounded, their godly life force would enable them to recover with superhuman speed. It would take an injury of such magnitude that it dispersed a major portion of their bodily molecules to cause a physical death. Even then, it might be possible for a god of significant power, such as Zeus, Poseidon and Apollo or for a number of Olympian gods of equal power working together to revive them. The Titans also possess superhuman strength and their Olympian metabolism provide them with far greater than human endurance in all physical activities. (Olympian flesh and bone is about three times as dense as similar human tissue, contributing to the Olympians' superhuman strength and weight.) Each of the Titans also possess mystical powers over a particular field or object connected to their individual personalities or traits.


The Titans

The mighty Titans were a powerful race that ruled the world before Olympians, in a time of the Golden Age of men. They were immortal giants of incredible strength and knowledge of old religion rituals and magic. They are also known as the Elder Gods and their dwelling place was at Mount Othrys. In Greek culture they were interpreted as personifications of the earth (Gaea) and the sky or heavens (Uranus).

The first generation of Titans were descendants of Gaea and Uranus who originally gave birth to Twelve Titans, six males and six females. Males were Coeus, Cronus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus and Oceanus and females were Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Rhea, Theia, Themis and Tethys. They arose to power when Cronus, in a plot with his mother and his brothers, castrated his father Uranus and took the rulership of Cosmos from him. More details about this conflict can be found in the Genesis

During this reign, the titans and other primeval gods decided to pass on the godly genes and gave birth to the second generation of Titans. Hyperion and Theia gave birth to Eos, Helios and Selene, while Coeus and Phoebe brought forth Leto and Asteria. Oceanus and Tethys gave birth to Oceanids and Potamoi who are in general not referred as Titans. However, an Oceanid Clymene, a daughter of Oceanus and Tethys, helped Iapetus to continue the next generation and bore him Atlas, Prometheus, Epimetheus and Menoetius. Crius and his half-sister Eurybia, a daughter of Gaea and Pontus, brought forth Astraeus, Pallas and Perses and, eventually, Cronus and Rhea gave birth to younger gods, Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hera, Hestia and Demeter who rebelled against Cronus and his followers and later defeated them in a ten-year war, known as Titanomachy. They called themselves the Olympian Gods, after Mount Olympus which was their main dwelling place, and became the new rulers of Cosmos.


Contents

In the Xenaverse [ edit | edit source ]

The Titans are born. (Dark Xena)

Back when the universe was young and the world was new, the Old Ones ruled the Earth. Things soon changed however as new Gods arose - the Titans.

The Titans wage war on the Old Ones.

The Titans waged war on the Old Ones, killing or banishing most of them (Dark Xena). The Titans then ruled for a while, but eventually their own children, the Olympians, would rise up against them as they had against the Old Ones. The Titans were finally defeated in a war against the Olympians after being weakened by Dahak (HTLJ: "Let There Be Light").

The term "Titan" eventually came to be used as an expletive (XWP: "Livia").

The Titans encountered by Gabrielle shortly after she first joined Xena (Crius, Thea and Hyperion) had the appearance of gigantic humans, dressed in generally human fashion, and didn't appear to have any special powers beyond what their size granted them.(XWP: "The Titans")

The Titans freed by Evander several years later had a similar appearance, but these Titans (Atlas, Helios and Oceanus) dressed differently and clearly possessed powers akin to (but apparently lesser than) those of the Olympian gods.(HTLJ: "Full Circle")

Dramatically different Titans appeared during the Battle for Mount Olympus. Porphyrion, Tethys, Mnemosyne and Crius appeared as gigantic, humanoid embodiment of the four classical elements (earth, water, fire and air, respectively).


Mnemosyne

His son, Prometheus, tried to persuade him to side with Zeus rather than fight him. Iapetus did not listen to his son’s wise counsel. So when Zeus overthrew Cronus and other Titans, Iapetus was confined with them in Tartarus.

Iapetus’s sons didn’t escape from Zeus’ wrath. Atlas was punished for aiding the Titans in the war against the Olympians. Atlas bore the weight of heaven on his shoulders (see Atlas). Iapetus had another son, Menoetius, was struck down by his thunderbolt before the young Titan was sent down to Erebus (Underworld). Hesiod didn’t say what cause other than mad presumption and exceeding pride.

Though, Iapetus’ other two sons supported Zeus and the Olympians in the war, Epimetheus married Pandora, the first woman who had released all the woes to mankind. Prometheus was chained to rock where the giant Caucasian Eagle fed on his liver. At night, the liver would grow back again, before the eagle would return in the morning, to feed upon his liver. Each new day, was a fresh torture. Zeus had punished Prometheus because the Titan had championed the cause of mankind.


Greek Titans: Who Were The 12 Titans In Greek Mythology?

You may know the famous twelve Olympian Greek Gods and Goddesses, but they were not the first rulers in Greek mythology. So, who were the Titans?

Painting of the Fall of the Titans, by Dutch painter Cornelis van HaarlemYou certainly know of the Greek Gods and Goddesses, like Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades. But what about the Greek Titans? They play an important role in Greek mythology yet have not been popularized in modern culture. Read on to learn more about the 12 Greek titans and how they fit into the Greek mythology you’re familiar with.

Out of the empty space of Chaos came Gaea, the earth, Tartarus, the underworld, and Eros, desire. Gaea gave birth to the mountains, the sky, and the sea. She took her son the sky, Uranus, as her husband, and with him, she mothered the twelve Titans, the very first gods and goddesses, taller than the mountains they used as thrones. However, Uranus was disgusted by their next children, the three cyclopes and three monstrous sons, each with fifty heads and one hundred arms, and he threw them into Tartarus, the underworld prison of suffering.

Genealogy of the Olympians in Greek Mythology, via Classic Wisdom

Yet Gaea loved all of her children, and she could not forgive Uranus for his cruelty. She made a diamond sickle for her youngest son, Cronus, and with it he defeated his father. Gaea later married her son Pontus, the ocean, and the Titans took charge of the universe. They were the ancestors or parents of most of the twelve Olympians discussed here below, though it was through their children that they too were eventually overthrown.

1. Oceanus: Titan God Of The Sea & Water

Oceanus depicted on the Trevi Fountain in Rome

The eldest of the Titans, Oceanus was married to his sister Tethys. Together the two produced over 6000 spirits of the oceans and streams, known as the Oceanids. In fact, Oceanus and Tethys were far too fertile, and their union began to cause floods so they divorced to stop all the damage they were causing. He gave over his realm to Poseidon after the rise of the Olympians, but Zeus allowed him to continue to live as a simple god of the ocean.

2. Tethys: Titan Goddess Of Fresh Water

Oceanus and Tethys, mosaic in Zeugma Mosaic Museum, Turkey

When Cronus became paranoid and his wife, Rhea, wished to protect her children, she brought Hera to her sister Tethys who raised her as her daughter. Later, as a favor to Hera, Tethys punished Callisto and Arcas, a lover and child of Zeus, by forbidding their constellations from touching the sea. They were forced to continuously circle the sky without rest. We know those constellations as Ursa Major and Ursa Minor, or the big and little dippers.

3. Hyperion: Titan God Of Light & Observation

Helios, Selene, and Eos, following the sun carriage, in the mural above the stage of the Friedrich von Thiersch hall in the Kurhaus Wiesbaden, Germany

Hyperion was the Titan god of light, wisdom, and vigilance. He married his sister Thea, and they gave birth to Helios, the sun, Selene, the moon, and Eos, the dawn. Hyperion and three of his other brothers, Coeus, Crius, and Iapetus, formed the four pillars that separated and held the heavens above one another. According to one of the more horrifying Greek traditions, the same four pillars pinned their father down while Cronus castrated Uranus with his sickle.

4. Thea: Titan Goddess Of The Sun & Light

Marble sarcophagus with the myth of Selene and Endymion, via TheMet

Thea, the goddess of light, was also a ravishing beauty, perhaps the loveliest of the six Titan daughters. She was the goddess of light, and therefore the perfect match for her brother, Hyperion. She also imbued gold, silver, and precious gems with their radiant shine, and spoke through an oracle at Phthiotis in Thessaly.

5. Coeus: Titan God Of The Oracles, Wisdom, And Foresight

Coeus was the keeper of the pillar of the north. He was the Titan god of intellect, and married his sister Phoebe. Their children, Asteria and Leto, were foundational figures in later mythology. Both daughters were pursued by Zeus. Asteria turned into a quail and drowned herself in the Aegean Sea, but Leto bore Zeus two children, the twins Apollo and Artemis who became powerful Olympians.

6. Phoebe: Titan Goddess Of Prophecy & Intellect

Phoebe and daughter Asteria depicted on the south frieze of the Pergamon Altar, Pergamon Museum, Germany

Since Phoebe was the grandmother of Apollo and Artemis, the twins’ were sometimes called Phoebus and Phoebe as alternative names. Phoebe also had some association with the moon, as did Artemis. Her most integral power was that of prophecy, and she was heavily associated with the famous Oracle at Delphi, later connected to Apollo.

7. Crius: Titan God Of Constellations

Crius (or Krios) married his half-sister, Eurybia, who was not one of the original twelve Titans but the daughter of Gaea from her second husband, Pontus. They produced three children, Astraios, the god of dusk, Pallas, god of Warcraft, and Perses, the god of destruction. Crius fought with the Olympians during the Titans’ overthrow, and as a result, he was imprisoned in Tartarus.

8. Mnemosyne: Titan Goddess Of Memory

Mosaic of Mnemosyne, in the National Archaeological Museum of Tarragona

The goddess of memory and the voice of the underground Oracle of Trophonios in Boetia, Mnemosyne did not marry one of her brothers but still helped mother the next generation of deities. She slept with Zeus for nine consecutive days, and as a result, gave birth to the nine muses Calliope, Clio, Erato, Euterpe, Melpomeni, Polymnia, Ourania, Terpsichore and Thalia whose roles were to give artists and philosophers inspiration for creation.

9. Iapetus: Titan God Of Mortal Life Or God Of Death

Farnese Atlas, son of Iapetus, holding the world on his shoulders, Roman copy of Greek original, in the National Archaeological Museum, Naples

The Titan Iapetus was the god of craftsmanship or mortality, varying between sources. He married one of his Oceanid nieces, Clymene, and they produced four sons, Atlas, Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Menoetius. These four sons were the ancestors of the first humans, and each passed a certain detrimental quality onto humanity brash courage, scheming, stupidity, and violence, respectively.

10. Themis: Titan Goddess Of Law, Order, And Justice

Themis with scales, bas-relief plaster cast depicting the Goddess of Justice

The Titan goddess Themis represented natural and moral order and law. She became the second wife of Zeus, helped him hold power over the other gods and all the earth. She created the divine laws that even superseded the authority of the gods themselves. She manifested in multiple different forms, and mothered the Fates and the Hours. Themis was the main Titan goddess of the oracle at Delphi, but she was so fond of Apollo that she eventually offered the Oracle to him.

11. Cronus: Titan Ruler of the Universe

Cronus Carrying off Two Infants, circa 1742, via LACMA

Although he was the youngest son of Gaea and Uranus, Cronus was also the strongest of the Greek Titans. For a brief time, earth enjoyed a Golden Age under his rule. The vices had not yet been invented, and the earth was in total peace and harmony. Yet Cronus did not release his brothers as he had promised, and soon his mother grew angry with him and began to plot his downfall. Cronus learned of a prophecy which stated that, as Cronus had dethroned his father, so one of his children would dethrone him. He therefore took all of his children from his sister and wife, Rhea, as soon as they were born, and swallowed them.

12. Rhea: Titan Goddess Of Fertility

Cronus was secure and happy, thinking he had subverted the threat, but Rhea was understandably upset. As the goddess responsible for the flow of Cronus’s kingdom, she was well-placed to interrupt that flow. When she learned she was expecting again, she asked her mother for advice. Gaea helped Rhea conceal her newborn baby, and Rhea swaddled a stone in baby clothes and gave the stone to Cronus to swallow. Cronus was fooled, but Gaea and Rhea carefully concealed little Zeus in a small cave on the island of Crete.

War of the Gods

The Battle Between the Gods and the Titans by Joachim Wtewael in the Art Institute of Chicago

Little Zeus grew up attended by nymphs and nursed by the fairy goat Amaltheia, who produced ambrosia and nectar, the food and drink of the deities. He married Metis, one of the Titan’s daughters and the goddess of prudence, who advised Zeus not to attack Cronus alone. Instead, she went to Cronus and convinced him to eat a magic herb that she claimed would make him unconquerable. The herb made him sick, and he vomited his other children Hades, Poseidon, Hestia, Demeter, and Hera. They all joined Zeus and together they rose against their father. Powerless to resist their combined strength, Cronus fled in terror.

Several of the other Greek Titans did not give up their power so easily, however, and rose against the new gods and goddesses. Zeus freed his great-uncles from Tartarus, and after a mighty battle, the Olympians emerged victorious, and imprisoned the Titans in Tartarus instead. The Cyclopes built a beautiful palace for the new gods and goddesses atop the mountain of Olympus, and the famous Olympian Greek gods and goddesses of legend took up residence there to both aid and interfere in the affairs of mankind.


12 Titans First Generation [Ancient Greek Mythology]

Introduction
In ancient Greek mythology, it is mentioned: Gaia [Mother Nature / Earth] is a mother and husband of Uranus [Father of the Sky] who gave birth to 12 (twelve) Main Titan, they are Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Cronus (Kronos), Hyperion and Iapetus, Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe and Tethys.

The next generation of Gaia and Uranus after the 12 Titan is the Cyclopes: Brontes (Thunderer), Steropes (Lighting) and Arges (Bright), then Hecatonchires: Cottus, Briareos and Gyges, each of which has a hundred hands. Furthermore, Gaia gave birth to Erinyes, Gigantes and the Nymphs called Meliae and from Testicles (testicles) Uranus, the fourth was born, Aphrodite.

Oceanus
Oceanus was a Titan son of Gaia and Uranus, brother and husband of Tethys Titan, the father of all that exists in rivers and at sea in the world. Oceanus is sometimes portrayed as a serpent that surrounds the earth, its tail up in his mouth. Or as an old man with long beard with bull horns on his head. With the power of the Olympian gods, Poseidon became ruler of the sea and rivers while Oceanus retire and be forgotten, although his name is still used to indicate the broad waters stretching across the world.

Hyperion
Also known as Pheus (one above), one of the Titan in Greek mythology, husband of the Titans Theia and the father of Helios (Sun), Selene (Moon) and Eos (Dawn). He is the master of light, and Titan which comes from the east. Hyperion is sometimes used as a name for the Sun itself.

Coeus
Coeus is the first generation Titan in Greek mythology, son of Uranus and Gaia, husband of the Titans Phoebe and father of Asteria and Leto. Leto then became the mother of Apollo and Artemis. Known for his role as a parent (the parent), as well as the god of intelligence and thought. Is a pillar of the sky around the constellations, and celestial guards prophecy (the keeper of the Heavenly Oracles).
While best known for his roles as parents, Coeus is considered the god of intellect and thinking (the Titan of Intelligence). He also is a pillar of the sky around the constellation of stars that evolve and, thus, the keeper of the celestial prophecy. With his brothers, Coeus thrown by Zeus, the greatest of the Olympian gods to conquer, to Tartarus, the depths Underworld.


Kronos
Cronus or Kronos is the youngest and is the leader of the Titans first generation, direct descendants of Gaia (the earth) and Uranus (the sky).
By Rhea (his sister and his wife), Cronus was the father of his daughter: Demeter, Hestia, and Hera and her son: Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus, who later would become gods in the Olympian / Olympus.
Cronus seized the throne from his father Uranus, and this in turn seized the throne by his son, Zeus. Cronus is often depicted holding a scythe and identical with the Roman god, Saturn.

Crius
Crius or Kreios is the first generation Titan, which equals the other is the son of Uranus and Gaia, husband of Eurybia (daughter of Gaia and Pontus relationship), and became the father of Astraeus, Pallas and Perses. He is a leader rather than domestic animals and is usually associated with a goat or ram. Some sources state that the Aries, the Ram is the star in the constellation of manifestations.

Iapetus
Often called “Jepetus, he married Clymene, a daughter of his brother Oceanus, and became the father of four children, second-generation Titan: Atlas, Prometheus, Epimetheus, and a son more or less known, Menoetius.
The Greeks considered Iapetus is the main ancestor of the human race because of his son, Prometheus, is the main supporter of mankind. When the Titans were defeated by the gods of Olympus, he was thrown into Tartarus, a world away from the world even more in his Hedes dead, then put the island on it so he would not flee.

Mnemosyne
Is the first generation of Titans, daughter of Gaia and Uranus, which is a manifestation of the memories and became the mother of the muses (by the ancient Greeks, is described as a forerunner of knowledge) results of relationship with Zeus. Mentioned that Mnemosyne and Zeus slept together for nine nights and related agencies every day, which gave birth to nine muses: Calliope (Epic Poetry), Clio (History), Erato (Love Poetry), Euterpe (music), Melpomene (Tragedy), Polyhymnia ( Hymns), Terpsichore (dance), Thalia (Comedy), and urania (Astronomy)

Tethys
Tethys was the sister and wife of Oceanus, the ocean goddess who gave birth to the ruler oceanids (sea nymphs – the spirit of women who live the sea). The mother of the Styx (the river which in Greek mythology that forms the boundary between the Earth and the Underworld)
During the war between the Titans and the gods of Olympus, Tethys raised the goddess Hera as his adopted children. By several sources said was a mentor from the goddess Hera.

Theia
Theia (Radiant) is a titan who gave a bright blue sky, the wife of Hyperion and mother of the giver of light in humans, Helios (Sun), Selene (Moon) and Eos (Dawn). Often also called the goddess of gems and gold, and has the ability to see the future. One of the titan who respected and temples made by people Thessaly.

Pheobe
Pheobe was the daughter of Uranus and Gaia, from coeus wife and a mother of Leto and Asteria. Her name means light or shining. By some sources he was associated with the moon. By Leto, she was the grandmother of Artemis and Apollo. He received control of Themis the Oracle at Delphi.

Rhea
Rhea (Earth) was the wife of the Titan Cronus, who became the mother of the ruler of the gods of Olympus. His story is a rehash of the story his mother, Gaia. At one point his father, Uranus, jealous of the children of Gaia and then locked them inside the earth. But with the help of Gaia, her most daring, Cronus managed to defeat and drive out of Uranus.
The story is similar Rhea, Cronus who became jealous of her children and then swallow them. Rhea managed to save Zeus, who then saved his brothers. Together they managed to defeat Cronus.
Rhea is often identified with the Earth and is the goddess of fertility. His female followers are the largest in Crete (Crete), which is believed to be the birthplace of Zeus.

Themis
Themis was the Titan who became one of the many lovers of Zeus. He is the mother of the Horae (Seasons), Moirae (Fate), Astraea, and (some say) Prometheus. Themis was the goddess of law and order, justice, kindness, and prophecies. According to legend, he is said to frequently communicate with the Oracle at Delphi before Delphi became the temple of the god Apollo loved.
Themis predict future capability allows it to be one predictor of Delphi, which in turn cause the formation of himself as the goddess of justice.

Source: Greek Mythology AZ [picture by devianart artist]

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