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Alcudia City Walls

Alcudia City Walls



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The Alcudia City Walls date back to the fourteenth century, following the Spanish conquest of the island of Majorca. In 1974, the Alcudia City Walls were declared an Artistic Historical Site together with the remains of Roman city Pollentia.

Alcudia City Walls history

Alcudia was recognised by the Romans as a strategic location with proximity to the sea. The Romans used the Alcudia bay beaches to capture the island in 123 BC, shortly after founding the cities of Palma and Pollentia. King Jaume II of Aragon, in 1298 founded a new town in Alcudia including a church, graveyard, priest’s house and town square.

Similarly acknowledging the strengths and weaknesses of Alcudia, Jaume designed a protection system: the city walls, protecting the townspeople and establishing a stronghold in north-east Mallorca against attackers.

Building was initiated at the end of the 13th century and finished in 1362 eventually consisting of a reinforced square structure of about six metres height, with twenty-six towers dotted along the 1.5km perimeter and a moat.

The walls were popularly used during the 16th century German Peasant Revolt as a refuge. The Reformation allowed ordinary people to interpret scripture themselves, deciding feudal lords had no right to enslave them which ultimately lead to a Lutheran revolt in 1524-5.

The Mallorcan nobles took refuge within Alcudia’s walls until Holy Roman Emperor Charles V squashed the revolt. He later declared Alcudia the ‘Faithful City’ in 1523.

Under the reign of Felipe II in the 16th century, a second star-shaped fortification was built of low bastions to position and resist artillery attacks. The Renaissance walls were later demolished to clean up during epidemics and expand the town.

Alcudia City Walls today

Today you can walk around the walls in no longer than an hour, taking the Street “Cami de Ronda” immediately behind the uppermost exterior wall or battlement along the parapet walk, admiring the views on the right hand side with the La Victoria Peninsula.

A market also runs on Tuesdays and Saturdays by the Porta del Moll o de Xara gate, which connected Alcudia to the 18th century harbour.

Getting to Alcudia City Walls

The town within the walls is pedestrianised, so the walls are easily walkable. From Palma, Alcudia is a 50 minute drive along the Ma-13, and there is nearby parking at the Avinguda Princep d’Espanya. The nearest bus stop is on the Av. La Marina, bus route 322 and a 500m walk from the walls.


Fiestas – Parties

There are many fiestas in Alcudia during all year round, but here we have focussed on fiestas during the Summer season. This is because this website about things to do in Alcudia is more focused on tourists coming on holiday to Alcudia.

29th of June: FIESTAS SANT PERE:

On June 29 the popular festivals are celebrated in St. Peter, patron saint of sailors.That day is a procession at sea in the Port of Alcudia with decorated boats to accompany the image of his employer. During the previous week for cultural activities and leisure.

July and October: VIA FORA – Activities Programme
The Via for a is a cultural activity organised by the town council and the talented players who are all locals.
There are several stories ranging from the history of the construction of Alcudias walls to the plight of a family trying to enter the city during the epidemic of 1870.

The via Fora are several plays that are presented to the public in and around the walls of the town,
The stories are played out in traditional costume and in the local language, This means that although it won’t necessarily be understood you will get the general idea. And it’s the real thing. Its not made up for the tourists.
They include the following stories:
The Construction of the walls by the king because of imminent attack
The siege of Alcudia by the Brotherhood and the economic struggle of the 16th century.
The Turkish Pirate attacks of the 16th century and the local efforts and battles to thwart this menace.
The crisis and struggles of the local people under foreign rule in the 16th century
The demolition of the city walls to provide work for the impoverished people of the city

The city walls are a unique factor in Alcudia´s history. Throughout time, in one way or another, they have had a great influence over the lives of the town´s inhabitants.
These guided visits take us back to a different era performed by real actors who
will bring history to life.

1st of July: FIESTAS DE LA MARE DE DEU DE LA VICTORIA
Just finished the festival of Sant Pere, which ends on June 29, begin the followingJuly 1. From the sea to the mountain pass, specifically to the Hermitage of La Victoria. The beginning of the party coincides with the kick off of the popular careerascension to the Hermitage. With the fall of the sun will rise alcudienses setting the tables where they spend the evening eating, drinking and dancing.

Local groups of traditional music and Tacàritx Alcudienc Sarau put alcudienses sound and rushing to do the rest bot Ball dance typical of the earth. And he who does not dance prepares rum burned.

On 2 July at 8.30 pm The morning rocket released from the City Council and then start a musical parade by the Band that reminds us that we are celebrating. That same morning Mass is celebrated in the hermitage of La Victoria where is the traditional offering bouquets of chamomile. After the religious ceremony, the music returns, racing and fun.

25th July: SAN JAIME FIESTAS
San Jaime is the Patron saint of Alcudia, and its celebration is on the 25th of July. During the week, there are many activities in Alcudia old town such as music concerts,and a roman party…
The week is the third in July and begins with a procession of local dignitaries and the political parties accompanied by the security forces of the municipality.

We enjoy this fiesta as there are many things to do in and around the port of alcudia.
There are night markets and the week culminates in a spectacular firework display.

AGOST A LA FRESCA
In August the Alcudia town hall organises “agost a la fresca” which we could translate into “August in the cool”. There are many activities such as workshops, live concerts, outdoor films and theatre plays.
These activities are held in the Roman theatre and the Gothic courtyard in the library Can Torró which are the ideal venues for these activities.

As a matter of interest the name comes from something that our grandmothers do…called “Nits a la fresca”: on an evening as the sun is going down and the temperature starts to drop, in each old town or village the old people bring a chair outside and sit on the street facing their own front door. They chat with the people who are out for an evening stroll and with their neighbours who are sitting outside their own front doors. This tradition is still going strong in Alcudia old town and adds an interesting flavour to the atmosphere.


October: THE FIRA D’ALCUDIA (THE CITY FAIR)
During the first weekend in October the Fira D’Alcúdia takes place, This event is an exhibition of Mallorcan culture and products. Three days of concerts, Mallorcan gastronomy, craftsmanship and industry, equestrian shows, and a lot more.

There’s an interesting parade of giants on Saturday named S’Estol del Rei en Jaume, a group of figures with an enormous heads that represent popular Mallorcan characters. They only come out once a year, don’t miss it.
During the event there are many arts and crafts demonstrations and a wine tasting that is allways popular.
There is usually a fun fair for families and lots of rides and laughs to be had.
If you are interested in machinery and motorized things you can usually find the local traders with their wares lined up ready to sell, Tractors, new cars, quad bikes and nearly everything else.

Many local businesses take this opportunity to show off their products and we find this very interesting as you can find many things there under one roof as they say.


A Brief History

The Alcudia of today has been inhabited since prehistoric times, but it gained significance and importance with the arrival of the Romans in the second century AD. They built a settlement called Pollentia and transformed it into an important trading town. Later, the city was destroyed by vandals and pirates and later came the Moors. During the reconquest, Majorca was liberated from Arab governments by King James I in 1229. His successor, King James II, founded the town of Alcudia and its surrounding walls at the end of the 13th century. These walls, preserved in excellent condition even today, are the first thing that attract your attention when visiting the centre of Alcudia.


Passaic deli owned by immigrants serving up a side of local history

City Historian talks about deli and its link to Botany Mills NorthJersey.com

PASSAIC — Margarita Carpinteyro's City Deli and Grill will now serve up a side of history with its breakfast and lunch orders.

Old-time photos of Passaic, donated by city historian Mark S. Auerbach, adorn the deli's walls. Since hundreds of photos have been donated, the deli owner will switch things up to showcase new photos.

"They will be rotated every couple of months," Auerbach said. "There's nothing like it in the city."

"Or the county," said Passaic County historian Ed Smyk, who was also on hand for the grand opening Thursday. "You go to an Applebee's, they may have a photo or two."

Back in its day, Passaic's growth was guided by its railroad tracks which date back to the earliest days of the iron horse. The tracks were pulled up in 1963. (Photo: Photo courtesy of Mark S. Auerbach)

The deli and the photos are in a storefront in the repurposed Botany Worsted Woolen Mills. The building is one of the city's most storied structures and once was the nation's largest worsted mill, which employed thousands of immigrants, mostly from Eastern Europe.

Given its importance to the city's and region's history, it made sense to provide the pictures to a public that is largely unaware of Passaic's once-prominent role in the nation's industrial might.

City Deli will also have handouts about the city's history, and Auerbach didn't rule out giving the occasional history talk there.

Van Wagoner House at foot of Gregory Avenue built in 1778 and taken down in 1930s. (Photo: photo by Matt Fagan)

For Carpinteyro, the deli's official opening on Thursday was the realization of a 22-year dream. She and her sister Susana emigrated from Mexico in their teens. Margarita had hoped to get an education but instead went to work. She was 15.

She's worked 12 hours a day to support her family she had a son, Anthony, at age 17, and lived with her sister in an apartment on Hope Street. They got by, she said.

She caught a break when her boss, Michael Scott, admired her work ethic and encouraged her to take classes to learn English. When he moved his bagel shop to Rutherford, he took Carpinteyro with him.

"He taught me all about the business," she said.

Passaic's Wilson Junior High (Photo: photo by Matt Fagan)

She scrimped and saved and finally had enough to open her own place, with her son now 22. Although she has lived in a number of places in New Jersey and even tried out Minnesota for a few months, she returned to the city of her teenage years.

While she acknowledges that she'll have to work even harder now, she added, "But I like that it is going to be mine."


History of York

Bootham Bar - a gate into the city and onto the walls.

  • Bootham Bar - a gate into the city and onto the walls.
  • The walls in Winter 2007.
  • The only remaining barbican, on Walmgate Bar - 2007

The city or &lsquobar&rsquo walls of York are the most complete example of medieval city walls still standing in England today. Beneath the medieval stonework lie the remains of earlier walls dating as far back as the Roman period.

The Roman walls survived into the 9th century when, in AD 866, York was invaded by the Danish Vikings. The Vikings buried the existing Roman wall under an earth bank and topped with a palisade &ndash a tall fence of pointed wooden stakes.

The wooden palisade was replaced in the 13th and 14th centuries with the stone wall we see today.

The medieval city walls originally included 4 main gates or &lsquobars&rsquo (Bootham Bar, Monk Bar, Walmgate Bar and Micklegate Bar), 6 postern or secondary gates and 44 intermediate towers. The defensive perimeter stretched over 2 miles encompassing the medieval city and castle.

By the late 18th century, however, the walls were no longer required as defences for the city and had fallen into disrepair. In 1800, the Corporation of York applied for an Act of Parliament to demolish them. In addition to the poor condition of the walls at the time, the narrow gateways of the bars were inconvenient and the walls themselves hindered the city&rsquos expansion.

Many other cities, including London, were removing their outdated, medieval city walls at this time. In York, however, the city officials met with fierce and influential opposition and by the mid-nineteenth century the Corporation had been forced to back down.

Unfortunately, the call for preservation came too late for some parts of the walls &ndash the barbicans at all but one of the gateways (Walmgate Bar) had been torn down along with 3 postern gates, 5 towers and 300 yards of the wall itself.

Since the mid-nineteenth century the walls have been restored and maintained for public access, including the planting of spring flowers on the old Viking embankment. Today the walls are a Scheduled Ancient Monument and a Grade 1 listed building.


Activities in Alcúdia.

The lively tourist town of Port d'Alcúdia is a centre for water sports on the northern coast of the island. There is a wide range of sports to choose from including: surfing, sailing, diving and snorkelling. It takes about 15 minutes to drive from Alcúdia to tee off at the 18-hole Alcanada Golf Club, set against a Mediterranean heavenly background. In the past, this demanding course was often the venue for international golf tournaments. Tourist facilities in the area of Alcúdia are a go-kart track and Alcúdia Waterpark. The latter is open from May to October and has numerous water slides and swimming pools.


Alcudia City Walls - History

Our hotel in Puerto de Alcudia stands to combine the tranquility of the area with the proximity of the best attractions. A few steps from the outstanding sandy area of port of Alcudia, surrounded by a beautiful natural environment, all the fun and beauty of Alcudia are waiting you very near the Seaclub. Port of Alcudia consists in surprising landscapes like the one that you can observe from Puig de Sant Martí or the S'Albufera Nature Reserve.

Discover what to do in Alcudia

Here our recommendations for Alcudia's surrounding area

Alcudia is undoubtedly the mecca of cycling and has been hosting several cycling competitions such as the well-known Cycling Tour 312 for years.

In any case, a few meters from our Resort and without leaving Alcudia you can:

Play Golf at the Aucanada Golf Course, recognized on a European level as one of the best courses.

Sailing, kite, windsurf or paddle board, rent a pedal-boat or jet ski, diving and everything else you can think of, since the Bay of Alcudia, on its more than 30km, offers all that and more.

Hiking, Nordic walking and running, Alcudia has a whole range of routes of different difficulty levels.

Alcudia town with its old centre and city walls, as well as the Roman town and theater are all certainly a must see.

The Sa Bassa Banca Museum of the Ben Jakober Foundation is a museum that combines nature, architecture, classical and modern art, a visit that should be more than recommended.

The Alcudia market that is held every Tuesday and Sunday is among the favorite visits of both residents and visitors."

The ideal plan for every child is the Waterpark, the most complete in the north with all kinds of slides and a wave pool, just 1km from our Seaclub Resort.

Rancho ses Roques is another great family plan less than 1km from our resort, visit its facilities, feed the animals and enjoy a horse or pony route.

And in case there is a rainy day, an ideal plan is visiting the fantastic Can Torro Family Library located in an emblematic building in the old town of Alcudia.


Walking

There are many things to do and places to see in Mallorca. For most of the people walking is not much fun. They prefer to make a boat or catamaran trip, jeep tour, bus excursions, ride a jet ski and many more… Let´s have a look on some benefits of walking, which maybe will convince you to choose one of the walking sightseeing tours and get to the places otherwise not accesible. Choose healthy lifestyle during your holidays in Mallorca and walk with us!

  • It is hard to keep the diet on vacation and walking will burn bad calories.
  • Walking will strengthen your heart.
  • In need of energy boost? Nothing better than a good walk to energize yourself.
  • Holidays in overall are improving the mood. Choose walking sightseeing and help yourself to get rid of anxiety, depression or negative mood.
  • Do you seat 8 hrs everyday in your work? Walking will help you strengthen the muscles in your legs.

A Visit to Adobe Walls

Photographer's Note:
"All there is to be seen of Adobe Walls are Markers and Monuments. Some are on the Stinnett-Spearman highway and the rest are at the site. There are no structures or remains of any kind to be seen." - Barclay Gibson , January 28, 2009

First Battle Of Adobe Walls Site / Markers


Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson , December 2008

Historical Marker:

First Battle of Adobe Walls

Largest Indian battle in Civil War. 15 miles east, at ruins of Bent's Old Fort, on the Canadian.

3,000 Comanches and Kiowas, allies of the South, met 372 Federals under Colonel Kit Carson, famous scout and mountain man. Though Carson made a brilliant defense - called greatest fight of his career - the Indian won.

Some of the same Indians lost in 1874 Battle of Adobe Walls, though they outnumbered 700 to 29 the buffalo hunters whose victory helped open the Panhandle to settlement.
(1964)


Battle of Adobe Walls site, Texas Centennial marker
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson , December 2008

First Battle Of Adobe Walls Site
Photo courtesy Erick Whetstone, 4-22-04

Photo Courtesy Barclay Gibson , March 2010
See Battle of Adobe Walls Centennial Marker ›
Located on private property
about 1/4 mile west of the other markers

Second Battle of Adobe Walls - Battle Ground Marker June 27, 1874

Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson , December 2008

Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson , December 2008

Marker in Memory of The Indian Warriors Who Fell in The Second Battle of Adobe Walls June 27, 1874


Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson , December 2008

Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson , December 2008

Subject: Battle of Adobe Walls

"The Indians did make a comment as they were leaving the scene of Adobe Walls. I am surprised that it isn't noted (That I could find.)

Maybe I know because I am part Caddo. but, when I visited the location in 1966 with my dad, he told me this. Due to the distance from the mounds that the bullet traveled and found it's high ground mark to the North, that one Chief stated: "Shoot today, Kill tomorrow."

In 1966 when we visited, the mounds were only about 2 feet high, I have not been back since. The walls were formed in a small square as best that I could tell. The location on the North side of the Canadian River was located near a bend in the river that turned in a southerly direction. There were a few Cottonwood trees near the river and a Texas plaque on a metal post stating the information about the 1874 battle." - Cal Hunt, February 03, 2011

Archeological Site

The Panhandle-Plains Historical Society acquired six-acres of the 1874 site in 1923 and archeological digs have turned up a trove of artifacts. The site is on the National Register and is Texas state archeological landmark.


Adobe Walls Area Hotels:
Borger Hotels | Amarillo Hotels


William Dixon
Indian Scout 6 US Cavalry

Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson , December 2008

Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson , December 2008

Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson , December 2008

History states on June 27, 1874, at daylight, a large force of Indians under the command of Quanah Parker attacked the Buffalo Hide hunting camp of Adobe Walls, located northeast of Borger just north of the Canadian River.

Reams of information have been written about the famous battle, recovered artifacts fill numerous displays in museums, and the battle participants have been awarded honors and made famous for their efforts during this famous episode in Panhandle history.

History also leaves the impression the site seemed to die after the Indians returned and burned it to the ground. This is not true. Adobe walls do not burn, only the wooden portions of the roof and partitions inside were destroyed. In fact, according to Cleon Roberts, historian and writer from Hereford, in his article published in a book titled "The Encyclopedia of Buffalo Hunters and Skinners," Adobe Walls lived and thrived for about seven more years after the Indians supposedly left it in ashes.

It seems a stockade (standing adobe walls) was used as a store run by A.G. Springer in 1875, a year later. James H. Cator, a famous buffalo hunter and resident living at the nearby Zulu Stockade, visited the site many times for supplies.

With buffalo hunters, ranchers, cowboys, mustang hunters and others visiting for some seven years after the Indian battle, there is no doubt Adobe Walls had an interesting and continuing history and afterlife.


Bents Creek Historical Marker
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson , December 2008

Related Articles:

That's why frontiersman Billy Dixon's famous rifle shot in 1874 at the Battle of Adobe Walls has become part of western history and mythology. It's known as the shot of the century. " more

Take a road trip

Adobe Walls, Texas Nearby Towns:
Stinnett the county seat
Borger | Amarillo
See Hutchinson County


Port d’Alcúdia

In this webcam, you can clearly see the port of the Gulf of Alcudia, located on the north coast of the island of Mallorca. The coastline of the bay you see online has a clean, shallow and long sandy beaches. On the coast of 10 km long is located Port de Alcudia, which goes to the resort of C’an Picafort.

In the past Port de Alcudia was a port that served the inner city of Alcudia. Currently, Port d’Alcudia, where the online broadcast is coming from, has turned into an independent settlement.

Port de Alcudia, excellently shown on a live camera , is the largest resort on the northeast coast of the island of Mallorca.

In the north of the city in this live feed there is a trading port that provides passenger transportation to Ciutadella on the island of Menorca, where there is also an online camera on the Baltic Live Cam website.

The area surrounding the fishing harbor in this webcam is the most attractive place where fishermen’s boats are moored together with luxury yachts. Also there are several elegant restaurants on the pier. Besidies, there is a picturesque pedestrian promenade that stretches from the marina to the beaches. Beyond the promenade there are bars, cafes and restaurants.

To get acquainted with the history and culture of the city of Alcudia, whose port this online camera shows well, it is better to go deep into the island. A restored medieval city with fortified walls and Roman ruins has been preserved here.

Port d’Alcudia beaches

The beach in the area of Port de Alcudia in the webcam, is not sandy, but more muddy. If you walk a little towards the hotels, you can find great beaches with sun loungers and umbrellas. Moving lower along the coast, you can see how the beach areas are changing from Alcudia to Playa de Muro. You can walk to Ca’n Picafort Resort.

The city of Alcudia, whose marina you see online , is a very popular destination for families with children. There are many entertainment centers: water parks, go-karts, tourist trains and mini-golf. The coast of Alcudia has a clean and safe for children water and soft golden white sand.

Most of the restaurants are located at the port of Alcudia, at the marina, which falls into the lens of this online camera.

Port Alcudia in the live stream is the main destination in the northwest of Mallorca where you can have fun at night. The area around the marina is filled with bars and cafes.

Watch other Baltic Live Cam webcams from Mallorca – resort of Son Serra de Marina at the eastern end of the Gulf of Alcudia, Port d’Andratx, Portocolom, Portixol,the city of Alaro.


Watch the video: Panorama of Mallorca mountains from Alcudia city walls Balearic Spain (August 2022).