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10 Things You May Not Know About Francis Drake

10 Things You May Not Know About Francis Drake



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1. Drake’s circumnavigation was also a pirate expedition.

Drake’s knighthood was a reward for completing history’s second circumnavigation of the globe between 1577 and 1580, but his expedition was no ordinary voyage of discovery. He also had a secret agreement with Queen Elizabeth that he would raid Spanish shipping, and upon entering the Pacific he spent several months plundering unsuspecting galleons and sacking ports along the coast of Chile and Peru. His biggest prize came in March 1579, when he seized the Spanish treasure ship Nuestra Señora de la Concepción and liberated it of a dozen chests of coins, 80 pounds of gold and 26 tons of silver. Drake would eventually return home as the world’s richest pirate. According to one account, his financial backers received a return of 47 pounds sterling for each pound they had invested.

2. He began his career as a slave trader.

Drake went to sea as a young man, but his first major expeditions came in the 1560s, when he joined a cousin named John Hawkins on some of Britain’s earliest slave trading voyages to West Africa. The pair usually procured their human cargo by attacking native villages or attacking Portuguese slave ships. They would then transport the slaves to the Spanish Caribbean and sell them off to local plantations—an action that was illegal under Spanish law. During one of these slaving expeditions in 1568, a flotilla of Spanish ships ambushed Drake and Hawkins at the Mexican port of San Juan de Ulúa, destroying four of their vessels and killing or capturing many of their crew. Drake escaped unharmed, but the defeat left him with a seething hatred for Spain and its king, Philip II.

3. The Spanish king put a massive price on Drake’s head.

From 1570 until the end of his life, Drake made himself the scourge of the Spanish by leading repeated raids against their treasure ships and colonies in the New World. Many of the voyages were outright illegal—Drake often sailed without an official privateer’s commission—and the Spanish eventually branded him a pirate and nicknamed him “El Draque” (“the dragon”). King Philip II is even said to have offered a bounty of 20,000 ducats for Drake’s head—the equivalent of several million dollars today.

4. He teamed with a band of escaped slaves for one of his most profitable raids.

In 1573, Drake set his sights on pillaging a Spanish mule train as it carried gold and silver to a Caribbean port across the Isthmus of Panama. In preparation for the ambush, he sent emissaries into the jungle and enlisted the help of the Cimarrons, a group of escaped Spanish slaves who were eager to strike a blow against their former masters. By using the Cimarrons as scouts, Drake’s band and a group of French privateers easily got the drop on the mule train and overpowered its guards. The raid produced an enormous haul of treasure—so much, in fact, that the adventurers were forced to bury 15 tons of silver that they were unable to carry. Drake still managed to return home with at least 20,000 British pounds worth of loot. Before departing, the former slave trader presented one of the Cimarron leaders with a gold-encrusted scimitar as a reward for his help.

5. Only one of Drake’s ships survived his circumnavigation of the globe.

When Drake’s round-the-world voyage set sail from England in December 1577, nearly all of his crewmen believed they were going on a simple trading expedition to Egypt. It was only after they bypassed the Mediterranean that their commander announced his true intentions to round the southern tip of South America and enter the Pacific Ocean—a feat never before accomplished by an English vessel. The journey was not an easy one. Of the five vessels Drake led to the bottom of the world, two were intentionally scuttled, the third sunk in a storm after exiting the Strait of Magellan, and the fourth turned back after becoming separated from the fleet. By the time the expedition began its journey into the Pacific, only Drake’s flagship Golden Hind remained. The lone vessel would eventually sail some 36,000 miles before returning to England in September 1580.

6. He claimed California for England.

After packing his hold with Spanish treasure during early 1579, Drake steered Golden Hind north in an abortive attempt to find the Northwest Passage. He may have traveled as far as the Canadian border before turning back and dropping anchor in Northern California later that summer. Drake spent a month overhauling his ship in preparation for his circumnavigation, but he also took the time to fraternize with the local Indians and explore the surrounding region, which he named “Nova Albion” and claimed as England’s first overseas territory in North America. The location of Drake’s anchorage has since become a subject of considerable debate, but most scholars believe it was somewhere on Point Reyes near modern-day San Francisco.

7. Drake was a successful politician.

Upon returning from his circumnavigation in 1580, Drake brought a lavish estate called Buckland Abbey and settled into a second career as both a Member of Parliament and the mayor of the coastal town of Plymouth. As mayor, he helped build a canal that supplied Plymouth with fresh water for centuries, but he also took occasional breaks from his political duties to return to sea and conduct raids against the Spanish at Santa Domingo, Cartagena and St. Augustine, Florida.

8. He struck the first blow against the Spanish Armada.

In 1586, thanks in part to Drake’s relentless privateering, King Philip II began assembling the famed Spanish Armada for an invasion of England. Desperate to beat his old enemy to the punch, Drake set sail the following spring and launched a preemptive strike on the Spanish mainland at the port of Cadiz. After catching the town by surprise, he and a small fleet spent two days occupying its harbor and bombarding, burning or pillaging everything in sight. The Cadiz raid succeeded in destroying between 30 and 40 ships and several thousand tons of supplies, and Drake later continued his reign of terror by harassing the Portuguese coastline and capturing a treasure ship off the Azores. All told, his “singeing of the King of Spain’s beard,” as he jokingly called it, may have delayed the Armada’s launch by over a year. Drake would later serve as the vice admiral of the English fleet that helped scatter the Spanish invasion in the summer of 1588.

9. Drake was credited with having supernatural powers.

Drake’s skills as a naval commander were so feared that many of his enemies became convinced that he was a practitioner of witchcraft. Superstitious Spanish mariners whispered tales of how Drake possessed a magic mirror that allowed him to spy the location of all the ships on the sea, and there were rumors that he was in league with a demon or even Satan himself. After being defeated as part of the Spanish Armada, many sailors returned home claiming that Drake “was a devil, and no man!”

10. His watery grave has never been found.

In 1595, an aging Sir Francis Drake set off on a final voyage to prowl the West Indies. His fleet was gunning for Spanish treasure, but an early attack on San Juan, Puerto Rico was repulsed, as was a second raid on Panama. Drake contracted dysentery as the disappointing voyage wore on, and on January 28, 1596, he died at sea off Portobello. The navigator’s body was later placed in full-armor, sealed inside a lead coffin and consigned to the deep some a few miles off the coastline. Scores of divers and historians have searched his burial site in the years since, but while some claim to have discovered the wrecks of English ships scuttled nearby, Drake’s body has never been recovered.


Facts about Drake

. Born Aubrey Drake Graham he is a former Degrassi TV actor who became a rap phenomenon after his album Thank Me Later went platinum in 2010. His second album Take Care won the Grammy Award for Best Rap Album and was certified quadruple platinum Drake started OVO as a small-scale blog about Toronto's thriving music scene, but has now built it into an all-encompassing lifestyle brand including his clothing line, his record label, and OVOFEST—a music festival which he founded. 101 Facts About Drake

1. Francis Drake was born in Tavistock, Devon, sometime around 1540 as the son of a farmer. 2. He first went to sea at the age of 12 becoming an apprentice on a trade ship. 3. For most of his life Queen Elizabeth I ruled the country: it was time when Britain was growing in wealth and power. 4.. She is recorded as having sometimes scolded his 'cavalier' attitude, but privately, she was known to admire his. Drake also became mayor of Plymouth in 1581. Upon becoming Vice Admiral in 1588, Drake was responsible for the English fleet, having helmed them in action in battle. Drake had a firm. Drake was born on October 24, 1986 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. His father is an African American from Memphis, Tennessee while his mom is a Jewish Canadian. His father's name is Dennis Graham and he was a drummer who worked with Jerry Lee Lewis. Drake attended Forest Hill Collegiate Institute but in the end did not graduate -Drake. Drake ist ein in Toronto geborener Rap-Star, der für Hits wie Take Care, One Dance und Hotline Bling bekannt ist. Er startete seine Musikkarriere 2006 mit der Veröffentlichung seines Mix Tape Room for Improvement. 3 Jahre später brachte ihm sein drittes Mix-Tape kritischen und kommerziellen Erfolg, und im folgenden Jahr veröffentlichte er sein erstes Album. Nachdem er einen.

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  1. Instagram: @drake_laedeke. Drake Facts: - Birthplace: Chiang Mai, Thailand. - He is also known as Drake. - He's Thai-American. His mother is Thai while his father is American. - Family: Parents, younger sister - He is of Thai, American, Scottish, German, and Chinese heritage. - Drake learned acting when he was 14 years old. - He debuted in the series Broken with brief.
  2. 15 Interesting Facts About Drake 1. He Has a Background in Music Drake didn't wake up one day and decided to be a musician/rapper. His father Dennis. 2. Drake is His Real Name Most artists, actors, musicians,and rapper have their real names and stage names. This. 3. Unique Heritage Drake is one.
  3. Drake is a Canadian rapper, singer and songwriter, who has emerged as one of the best rappers in recent times. He started his career as an actor in the Canadian TV series 'Degrassi: The Next Generation', but soon switched to music, which has been his passion since childhood. He began his musical journey with a number of self-released mixtapes
  4. Check out these Drake Fun Facts to find out more! Drake released 3 popular mixtapes before he was signed to Lil Wayne's Young Money Entertainment. In Drake's video for HFYR he has a re-Bar.
  5. One of the reasons why Drake had a hard time believing that Adonis was his son was because of the fact that the child has bright blue eyes. Both Sophie and Drake have brown eyes, so it's understandable that he would initially question paternity. It's too bad for Adonis, though. 12 Drake Threw Adonis A Big Party For His 2nd Birthda
  6. 10 Things You May Not Know About Francis Drake 1. Drake's circumnavigation was also a pirate expedition.. Drake's knighthood was a reward for completing history's. 2. He began his career as a slave trader.. Drake went to sea as a young man, but his first major expeditions came in the. 3. The.
  7. ent figure in popular music, Drake is credited for popularizing the Toronto sound

Here are 20 unknown facts about the most popular rapper in the world, Drake!Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTrendingFollow us on Twitter: ht.. Drake: 24 facts about the 'Toosie Slide' rapper. From his real name to how he convinced his mum he was married to Nicki Minaj. Here are the facts about rap superstar Drake that every fan needs to. Drake captured tons of silver, gold, coins and jewels from Spanish galleons in the Americas. Spain complained bitterly and wanted Drake hanged for piracy, but Drake was a public hero and Elizabeth I herself backed his expedition. Life of Frances Drake. Francis Drake was born in 1540 in Tavistock, Devon, England. He first started going to sea.

Sir Francis Drake defeated the Spanish Armada. This is probably one of the most famous facts about Sir Francis Drake. he was second-in-command and Vice Admiral of the English Fleet during the Spanish invasion of 1588. The Spanish Armada was thought to be invincible at this point, but Drake was strategic and disciplined in his command Sir Francis Drake, (born c. 1540-43, Devonshire, England—died January 28, 1596, at sea, off Puerto Bello, Panama), English admiral who circumnavigated the globe (1577-80) and was the most renowned seaman of the Elizabethan Age Fascinating Facts about Sir Francis Drake. May 26, 2014, cherran, Leave a comment. Sir Francis Drake was an Elizabethan sailor and navigator, born sometime between the years 1540 and 1544 in a place called Travistock in England. He is also famous because of his victory against the Spanish Armada and being the first Englishman to have circumnavigated the globe. It also helped prove that the. When I'm writing, I'm thinking about how the songs are going to play live. Fifty bars of rap don't translate onstage. No matter how potent the music, yo

Drake Childhood Story Plus Untold Biography Facts: Relationship Life Facts. Drake is yet to be married at the time of writing. We bring you facts about his dating history and current relationship status. The rap artiste is known to have had romantic flings with a number of women involved in modelling and those in the entertainment industry. They include Keshia Chante, Bria Myles, Tyra Banks. 46 Faszinierende Fakten über Drake 1. A Toronto Tribute 2. Was ist Liebe? In einem Interview mit dem GQ Magazin im Jahr 2013 gab Drake zu, dass er Rhianna nie wirklich geliebt. 3. Weltweit beliebtester Aufnahmekünstler Drake war 2016 der weltweit beliebteste Aufnahmekünstler. Er hatte die. 4..

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  • A Few Key Facts About Francis Drake by Duane Van Dieman Francis Drake was born in Tavistock, England, 15 miles north of Plymouth, around the year 1541. He was the oldest of the twelve sons of Edmund and Mary Drake. The family owned a sheep farm and Edmund was also a part time Protestant preacher
  • Drake is a controversial artist with a fan base that supersedes that of most other artists. While his music may be catchy and his success is undeniable, the drama and chaos that follows him around is as loud as the music he makes. He seems to have had many incidents which are somehow quickly swept under the rug and easily forgiven
  • Aubrey Drake Graham ist ein kanadischer Schauspieler und Rapper. Seine Schauspielkarriere begann er 2001, als er in der kanadischen Jugendserie Degrassi: The Next Generation den Jugendlichen.
  • Drake Facts: - Birthplace: Chiang Mai, Thailand. - He is also known as Drake. - He's Thai-American. His mother is Thai while his father is American. - Family: Parents, younger sister. - He is of Thai, American, Scottish, German, and Chinese heritage. - Drake learned acting when he was 14 years old
  • 10 Facts about Drake. Facts about Drake tell the readers about the famous Canadian rapper, actor, record producer, singer and songwriter. He wa

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Drake reportedly used 81 writers on his 'Views'. 2. Drake has dedicated the album to a terminally ill cancer patient called Megan Flores. 3 The ten facts you need to know about Angelina Drake, including life path number, birthstone, body stats, zodiac and net worth. View details that no one tells you about This won for Best Rap Song at the Grammy Awards in 2019. Drake accepted the award, but like Childish Gambino and Kendrick Lamar, turned down an offer to perform, illuminating a fissure between the Grammy establishment and the hip-hop community. Before his speech got cut off, he said, This is a business where sometimes it's up to a bunch of people that might not understand what a mixed-race kid from Canada has to say Facts about Drake. Aubrey Drake Graham (born October 24, 1986) is a Canadian rapper, singer, songwriter, record producer, actor, and entrepreneur. Drake initially gained recognition as an actor on the teen drama television series Degrassi: The Next Generation in the early 2000s. en.wikipedia.org . Aubrey Drake Graham, better known as the Canadian rapper Drake, has parents who are different. 10 Interesting Facts About Sir Francis Drake 1. You Never Expect the Spanish Armada. Drake was one of the most influential members of the Royal Navy, even if he. 2. That Pesky Mutiny Thing. In 1577, the reputation that Drake had built as an explorer earned him a commission from. 3. He Funded His.

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A self-proclaimed car guy, Drake spares no expense when it comes to his rides. He makes sure he has the latest, greatest, and in many cases - the most rare cars in his collection. Money is of no issue, and car collecting is one of his passions, so it's easy to see how Drake's car collection quickly became the envy of many Sir Francis Drake facts 1. Sir Francis Drake was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe and the second ever to complete a. 2. Drake was one of the first British slave traders undertaking voyages as early as 1560 with his cousin John. 3. Drake was hated by the Spanish who. Back when Drake was unsigned in 2007, his obsession with residential pools led him to Google the best ones on the planet. He searched online, found images of the most beautiful one and set one of the photos as his desktop background

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  • ation from an unwanted male. Fact 55: Drakes are one of the few bird species that possess an external phallus or a penis
  • Drake, who was born on October 24, 1986, got his first role as a junior high schooler named Jimmy Brooks on Canadian teen drama TV series Degrassi: The Next Generation . As years went by, he got..
  • Drake's Body Facts. Drake has very unique physical characteristics that make him easily noticeable in a crowd of fellow celebrities. His rich black hair and cool eyes portray him as a citizen of many worlds. His body measurements are not excessive in any dimension. Drake is a rapper of average build. He rises up to a height of 6 feet. He may not appear as tall as some of Hollywood great.
  • g a countless number of vessels and lives over the hundreds of years since. One of the most recent and most dramatic events on the Drake occurred in 2010, when a passenger ship called the Clelia II carrying 160 people was partially disabled by a rogue wave and had to be rescued by the National Geographic Endeavour. Check out this incredible video from the scene
  • If you want to build your knowledge of Drake and the rap world, let's look at some interesting facts about the man himself. Drake's full name is Aubrey Draka Graham. He also has a few nicknames including Drizzy and Champagne Papi. Drake is 34 years old and was born on October 24, 1986 in Toronto, Ontario in Canada. Although he is now most famous as a rapper, he was first known for his role.
  • g, one series stood out above the rest. Drake and Josh, aptly named after its.
  • Sir Francis Drake (c. 1540 - 28 January 1596) was an English explorer, sea captain, slave trader, privateer, naval officer, and politician. Drake is best known for his circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition, from 1577 to 1580

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Fascinating Facts about Sir Francis Drake. May 26, 2014, cherran, Leave a comment. Sir Francis Drake was an Elizabethan sailor and navigator, born sometime between the years 1540 and 1544 in a place called Travistock in England. He is also famous because of his victory against the Spanish Armada and being the first Englishman to have circumnavigated the globe. It also helped prove that the. Drake: Birth Name: Aubrey Drake Graham: Nick Name: Drake, Aub: Father: Dennis Graham (Drummer who worked with Jerry Lee Lewis) Mother: Sandi Graham (nee Sher)(Educator) Nationality: Canadian: Birth Place/City: Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Religion: Judaism: Ethnicity: Multiracial: Profession: Rapper, singer, songwriter, record producer, actor: Net Worth: $60 million: Eye Color: Dark Brow

Facts about Francis Drake's Voyage Around the World. In 1577 Queen Elizabeth gave Francis Drake her consent to undertake another voyage. It is unclear whether Drake told her he was intending to sail around the world. He didn't tell his crew. Things did not start well. Drake was forced to leave three ships in South America - they weren't seaworthy - and he also had to contend with a. Today we list off 5 things you didn't know about Drake & JoshCheck out our site:http://thewebnet.wixsite.com/everyshow/es-revie Faune Drake came into the eyes of media and public after her marriage with Zach Randolph, a prominent NBA player. They got married to her long term boyfriend on 10th August 2014. The couple has been together from childhood and has shared their past life. Drake and Randolph are parents of three children MacKenley, MaZiya, and Zachary Jr Discover facts about the Elizabethan mariner and explorer Sir Francis Drake, and his epic voyages in this concise biography

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  • 20 Surprising Facts About Drake's Private Jet. Many celebrities own a private jet - but we can assure you almost none have as many intriguing facts about them as Air Drake does. By Anja Grčar Published Dec 10, 2019. Share Share Tweet Email Comment. 2019 was a good year for Drake, one of the world's biggest mega stars. It seems that for him, goals truly are just dreams with a deadline: he.
  • One of the more interesting facts about Tim Drake is the fact that his life was actually entangled with Bruce and Dick long before he ever became the Robin to Bruce Wayne's suffering Batman. When Tim was a young boy, his family went to the circus where the flying Graysons performed
  • Such an interesting life bred interesting facts, and if you read on, you may find out some things you didn't know. Less than Noble Beginnings. While Drake today is known mostly as a privateer and explorer, the beginnings of his career were much more infamous. After his father had fled England from charges of assault and robbery, Drake went to live with the Hawkins family, who were part-time.
  • Sir Francis Drake was an English explorer and slave trader who earned a reputation for his privateering, or piracy, against Spanish ships and possessions. In 1577, on a return trip from South.
  • A drake is a fully sexually mature adult male duck of any duck species, wild or domestic, though males do not have to have attracted a mate or sired ducklings in order to be called drakes.The term drake refers exclusively to males while the term duck can refer to either gender, and the term hen refers exclusively to females.Immature birds of either gender are called ducklings, not drakes or hens
  • Drake Passage, deep waterway, 600 miles (1,000 km) wide, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans between Cape Horn (the southernmost point of South America) and the South Shetland Islands, situated about 100 miles (160 km) north of the Antarctic Peninsula.The Drake Passage defines the zone of climatic transition separating the cool, humid, subpolar conditions of Tierra del Fuego and the.

By the end of June 2009, Best I Ever Had, a promotional single, had climbed to number two on Billboard's Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart. After a fierce bidding war, Drake signed with Universal Motown in late summer and released an EP, So Far Gone, made up of songs from his popular mixtape of the same title.It peaked at number six on the U.S. Billboard 200 chart and won a 2010 Juno Award for Rap. Drake told Heeb magazine that just before its release, he was teetering on getting a regular job. I was coming to terms with the fact that, okay, people know me from 'Degrassi,' but I might have to work at a restaurant or something just to keep things going, he explained. The money from that show was very small. And it was dwindling Drake continued to attack Spanish cities and treasure ships. He died of dysentery while on an expedition to the New World on January 27, 1596. Interesting Facts about Sir Francis Drake. He married twice. His first wife was Mary Newman who died 12 years after their marriage in 1569. His second wife was Elizabeth Sydenham. His wives rarely saw him as he spent much of his life at sea. He didn't. 10 Facts About Bugsy Drake: Bugsy Drake was reportedly born on May 29, 1990, and she is currently already 30 years of age. Currently, she has been appearing in the popular reality television series named Below Deck Mediterranean. Her approximate height, as well as weight, is not known to us right now. There is actually not much to know about her relationship status and boyfriend as she has not.

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For our readers today we have gathered a bunch of amazing facts about the Saab 35 Draken which are as follows. The Dragon:-One of the nicknames the Saab 35 Draken has been given to is The Dragon the name derived from the word Draken in its name which is a Swedish word that translates into Dragon. Production and design:- The aircraft's designing started way back in the late 1940s to. Aside from Fif, Drake also mentions the names of his longtime producer Noah Shebib (better known as 40) and his manager, business partner and friend, Oliver El-Khatib. Facts about God's Plan God's Plan was written by Drake along with a myriad of writers, including Noah James Shebib (also known as 40), Ronald LaTour (also known as Cardo), Matthew Jehu Samuels (also known as Boi. Veterinary Care in Encinitas - By Gabrielle Feldman and Nicole AbregoDo you think you know everything there is to know about canines? Think again! Check out these 23 interesting facts you may have never heard: 1. Dogs have a sense of time. It's been proven that they know the difference between one hour and five. If conditioned to, they can predict future events, such a The Spruce. Duck Trivia Facts . All types of ducks are part of the bird family Anatidae, which also includes swans and geese. There are between 140 and 175 birds in the Anatidae family, though not all of them are considered ducks. There are species of ducks found on every continent except Antarctica. Some duck species, such as the mallard, are found in multiple places throughout the world.

Interesting Drake Passage Facts: Drake Passage is named after Sir Francis Drake, an English privateer from the 1500s. The first ship known to pass through Drake Passage was the Eendracht, in 1616. The ship's captain was Willem Schouten. He named Cape Horn on that voyage. Drake Passage is 500 miles and is the shortest route to cross from. Interesting facts and data about Drake Polizzi: life expectancy, age, death date, gender, popularity, net worth, location, social media outreach, biography, and more! Did you know. that most Drake. are born on a Friday? Moreover, most people with. the surname Polizzi. are born on a Tuesday. How many. Drake Polizzi. are there?? How many live in the. USA? There are roughly. 2. people named Drake. Sir Francis Drake, English admiral who circumnavigated the globe (1577-80) and was the most renowned seaman of the Elizabethan Age. Much of his reputation was derived from legend, however, as his life was dedicated to self-aggrandizement. Learn more about Drake in this article Who Is Keke? 5 Facts About Drake's Ex Keshia Chante, Who He Sings About In 'In My Feelings' REX/Shutterstock. View Gallery. 8 Photos. Tim McGovern. Weekend Editor. Share This Article Reddit.

Drake used to dance before he became famous as a rapper and he is quite good at dancing. He has a great love for dancing and aside that he is also a very good and notable producer who is known to have done so many successful record for himself. He is also a singer and rapper who has received many Grammy award due to the fact. He is known to be multi talented artist and he has gain incredible fame due to his not regular kind of talent 5 interesting unknown facts about Drake 1. He was the voice of Ethan on Ice Age: Continental Drift. 2. He has a basketball hoop and a Supreme rug in his bedroom. 3. He recently donated $75,000 to help create a recording studio at a Philadelphia high school. 4. He bought an art piece that said. Sir Francis Drake was an English explorer involved in piracy and illicit slave trading who became the second person ever to circumnavigate the globe. In 1577, Drake was chosen as the leader of an.. Besides managing Drake's career and the branding behemoth that is October's Very Own, he also inspired the name of Drizzy's mixtape. In a 2009 Complex interview , Drake described how the title. Drake. Latest stories. Young Thug, Gunna, & YSL Records Deliver 'Slime Language 2' Compilation Album. by Timothy Mwachia April 16, 2021, 4:22 am. Drake & Lil Baby's Wants and Needs is Already Gold-Eligible Even Without a Music Video. by Timothy Mwachia March 23, 2021, 5:03 pm. Benny The Butcher Talks About the Delay of Drake Collab It's all about timing by Timothy.

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Business proposal for Client Name goes here Date goes here Fact about Drake Agenda 1. Drake is his Middle Name. Drake's full name is Aubrey Drake Graham, but he uses his middle name in his career as a solo rapper. It Runs in the Family. A Unique Heritage. Drake the Th Drake is a Canadian-born hip hop and R&B artist. He was born on 24 th October 1986 as Aubrey Drake Graham. Drake is a multitalented musician a rapper, songwriter, singer, actor, an entrepreneur and a record producer. In the early 2000s, he first started as an actor on the teen drama TV series Degrassi

r/drake_facts: facts about drake. Press J to jump to the feed. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Log In Sign Up. User account menu. facts about drake r/ drake_facts. Join. Hot. Hot New Top Rising. Hot New Top. Rising. card. card classic compact. 1. Posted by 5 years ago. Archived. drake is a creep. 1. 1 comment. share . save. About Community. facts about drake. Drake Related is the official website of Drake. Shop Drake products • Certified Lover Boy • NOCTA • Better World Fragrance House • El Chico Studio Drake told Drama that his favorite rhyme on the track was delivered by Wayne. He said: Everybody does their thing on that song. My favorite line on the song, though, is when Wayne says, 'Life is such a roller coaster and then it drops/ but what should I scream for, this is my theme park.' That right there, word-play-wise, that's my favorite. But everybody does their thing. Kanye does Kanye. Here are some facts about Drake & Josh that will make you heart burst with nostalgia. 1. Drake & Josh wasn't the first show Drake Bell and Josh Peck starred on together. They met and became.

Facts about Claire Drake Wiki & Bio: She is a Tiktok Personality. She has earned her more than 900,000 followers. She is known on the platform by the username bigballerclaire. She has siblings as well. She has an older sister named Julia Drake. She began posting to her clairedrakee Instagram account. 15 Drake Facts That Will Make You Think Again Hannah E Published on June 19, 2018. ADVERTISEMENT . Toronto-born rap star Drake has emerged as one of the most popular and controversial rappers in recent times. After signing a deal with Lil Wayne's Young Money label, his music career took off and it hasn't stopped! While it might seem like Drake is always in the spotlight, there are many.


10 Things You May Not Know About Francis Drake - HISTORY

In July 1579, Drake sailed across the Pacific before travelling around the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa, and then made his way back to the Atlantic Ocean. On 26 September 1580, Drake and his men returned to Plymouth, England, after successfully circumnavigating the earth, bringing with them all sorts of treasures from their travels. After returning from the New World, Drake wanted revenge on the Spanish. He took up the life of a privateer. As a privateer he would attack the enemy ships of Britain, mostly the Spanish, and take their cargo. To the Spanish, he was considered a pirate. To the English, he was a hero. Over the next several years Drake attacked Spanish towns and ships taking much of their gold and silver. He became a rich man. Queen Elizabeth I noted his success and gave him a fleet of ships to take to South America and plunder the Spanish. Queen Elizabeth had made Sir Francis Drake vice admiral of the English navy. They waited for the Spanish Armada to arrive. Many thought they had little chance. Drake had an idea, however. In the middle of the night they lit several empty English ships on fire. They sent them into the middle of the Spanish fleet. The captains of the fleet panicked and scattered. Then the English pounced. A little while later, a huge storm hit the fleet. Many of the Spanish ships were sunk or broke up on the rocks of England's shore. The English defeated the Spanish and now were the most powerful navy in the world. On April 4, 1581, a few months after he completed a daring circumnavigation of the globe, the British navigator Francis Drake was knighted by Queen Elizabeth I during a ceremony aboard his flagship Golden Hind. Drake’s round-the-world voyage was a high point in a career that saw him serve as everything from a naval commander and explorer to a statesman and civil engineer, but he was best known as Britain’s most feared “Sea Dog”—the nickname for the ruthless privateers who preyed on Spanish shipping in the New World. Explore ten fascinating facts about Queen Elizabeth’s favorite pirate. Drake’s knighthood was a reward for completing history’s second circumnavigation of the globe between 1577 and 1580, but his expedition was no ordinary voyage of discovery. He also had a secret agreement with Queen Elizabeth that he would raid Spanish shipping, and upon entering the Pacific he spent several months plundering unsuspecting galleons and sacking ports along the coast of Chile and Peru. His biggest prize came in March 1579, when he seized the Spanish treasure ship Nuestra Señora de la Concepción and liberated it of a dozen chests of coins, 80 pounds of gold and 26 tons of silver. Drake would eventually return home as the world’s richest pirate. According to one account, his financial backers received a return of 47 pounds sterling for each pound they had invested. In 1573, Drake set his sights on pillaging a Spanish mule train as it carried gold and silver to a Caribbean port across the Isthmus of Panama. In preparation for the ambush, he sent emissaries into the jungle and enlisted the help of the Cimarrons, a group of escaped Spanish slaves who were eager to strike a blow against their former masters. By using the Cimarrons as scouts, Drake’s band and a group of French privateers easily got the drop on the mule train and overpowered its guards. The raid produced an enormous haul of treasure—so much, in fact, that the adventurers were forced to bury 15 tons of silver that they were unable to carry. Drake still managed to return home with at least 20,000 British pounds worth of loot. Before departing, the former slave trader presented one of the Cimarron leaders with a gold-encrusted scimitar as a reward for his help.

  1. Drake was born in Tavistock, Devonshire. His family was very religious and his father was a Protestant preacher. Although the family were respectable they were not very wealthy and Drake was sent to sea at the age of twelve.
  2. Drake was apprenticed to a merchant and his seafaring skills brought him to the attention of his cousins, the Hawkins family, who were privateers. He participated in illegal slave trading expeditions with his cousin Sir John Hawkins.
  3. Privateers were allowed by the government to commit acts of piracy against Spanish property in return their sponsors received a share of the plunder. In 1572 Drake received his own privateer's commission from Elizabeth I.
  4. In 1568 Drake and Hawkins were trapped by the Spanish at the port of San Juan de Ulua in Mexico. Many of their men were killed and Drake had to swim to safety. This incident resulted in him developing a life-long dislike of Spain.Sir Walter Raleigh was born in 1554 in Devon. He was a handsome man with dark brown hair and was one of Elizabeth I's favourite courtiers. He was also a poet and a fearless soldier.

He led many expeditions to America and introduced tobacco and the potato into England. He chose the name of the first English colony in America. He named it Virginia after Queen Elizabeth.

It is said that he spread his cloak in front of Queen Elizabeth so that she did not have to stand in a puddle. There is no evidence to support this.

Elizabeth didn't like her courtiers to fall in love with anyone except her. Sir Walter lost her friendship after he fell in love and married one of Elizabeth's maids of honour. He was briefly sent to the Tower of London.


9 Vennessa's Rise To Power

Throughout the storylines that occur in Mondstadt, many characters mention the name Vennessa. Lore-wise, Vennessa was the first ruler of modern Mondstadt, and her story is familiar to players who have read the Genshin Impact manga. A slave girl from the west of Old Mondstadt who was rumored to be related to the Pyro Archon, Murata, Barbatos befriended her during her time as a slave.

Vennessa's rise to power was the reason the Mondstadt exists today. After defeating Ursa the Drake, Vennessa brought Mondstadt to the island in Cider Lake and heavily removed the powers of the aristocrats that ruled before her. After Barbatos himself, Vennessa is the most important figure in Mondstadt history.


10 Things You May Not Know About Francis Drake

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On August 7, 1573, Francis Drake's fleet returned to Plymouth after a year spent raiding Spanish treasure. From the article:

"10 Things You May Not Know About Francis Drake
pirates, francis drake
Sir Francis Drake.
1. Drake’s circumnavigation was also a pirate expedition.
Drake’s knighthood was a reward for completing history’s second circumnavigation of the globe between 1577 and 1580, but his expedition was no ordinary voyage of discovery. He also had a secret agreement with Queen Elizabeth that he would raid Spanish shipping, and upon entering the Pacific he spent several months plundering unsuspecting galleons and sacking ports along the coast of Chile and Peru. His biggest prize came in March 1579, when he seized the Spanish treasure ship Nuestra Señora de la Concepción and liberated it of a dozen chests of coins, 80 pounds of gold and 26 tons of silver. Drake would eventually return home as the world’s richest pirate. According to one account, his financial backers received a return of 47 pounds sterling for each pound they had invested.

2. He began his career as a slave trader.
Drake went to sea as a young man, but his first major expeditions came in the 1560s, when he joined a cousin named John Hawkins on some of Britain’s earliest slave trading voyages to West Africa. The pair usually procured their human cargo by attacking native villages or attacking Portuguese slave ships. They would then transport the slaves to the Spanish Caribbean and sell them off to local plantations—an action that was illegal under Spanish law. During one of these slaving expeditions in 1568, a flotilla of Spanish ships ambushed Drake and Hawkins at the Mexican port of San Juan de Ulúa, destroying four of their vessels and killing or capturing many of their crew. Drake escaped unharmed, but the defeat left him with a seething hatred for Spain and its king, Philip II.

3. The Spanish king put a massive price on Drake’s head.
From 1570 until the end of his life, Drake made himself the scourge of the Spanish by leading repeated raids against their treasure ships and colonies in the New World. Many of the voyages were outright illegal—Drake often sailed without an official privateer’s commission—and the Spanish eventually branded him a pirate and nicknamed him “El Draque” (“the dragon”). King Philip II is even said to have offered a bounty of 20,000 ducats for Drake’s head—the equivalent of several million dollars today.

4. He teamed with a band of escaped slaves for one of his most profitable raids.
In 1573, Drake set his sights on pillaging a Spanish mule train as it carried gold and silver to a Caribbean port across the Isthmus of Panama. In preparation for the ambush, he sent emissaries into the jungle and enlisted the help of the Cimarrons, a group of escaped Spanish slaves who were eager to strike a blow against their former masters. By using the Cimarrons as scouts, Drake’s band and a group of French privateers easily got the drop on the mule train and overpowered its guards. The raid produced an enormous haul of treasure—so much, in fact, that the adventurers were forced to bury 15 tons of silver that they were unable to carry. Drake still managed to return home with at least 20,000 British pounds worth of loot. Before departing, the former slave trader presented one of the Cimarron leaders with a gold-encrusted scimitar as a reward for his help.

Francis Drake’s ship, Golden Hind.
Francis Drake’s ship, Golden Hind. (Credit: DeAgostini/Getty Images)
5. Only one of Drake’s ships survived his circumnavigation of the globe.
When Drake’s round-the-world voyage set sail from England in December 1577, nearly all of his crewmen believed they were going on a simple trading expedition to Egypt. It was only after they bypassed the Mediterranean that their commander announced his true intentions to round the southern tip of South America and enter the Pacific Ocean—a feat never before accomplished by an English vessel. The journey was not an easy one. Of the five vessels Drake led to the bottom of the world, two were intentionally scuttled, the third sunk in a storm after exiting the Strait of Magellan, and the fourth turned back after becoming separated from the fleet. By the time the expedition began its journey into the Pacific, only Drake’s flagship Golden Hind remained. The lone vessel would eventually sail some 36,000 miles before returning to England in September 1580.

6. He claimed California for England.
After packing his hold with Spanish treasure during early 1579, Drake steered Golden Hind north in an abortive attempt to find the Northwest Passage. He may have traveled as far as the Canadian border before turning back and dropping anchor in Northern California later that summer. Drake spent a month overhauling his ship in preparation for his circumnavigation, but he also took the time to fraternize with the local Indians and explore the surrounding region, which he named “Nova Albion” and claimed as England’s first overseas territory in North America. The location of Drake’s anchorage has since become a subject of considerable debate, but most scholars believe it was somewhere on Point Reyes near modern-day San Francisco.

7. Drake was a successful politician.
Upon returning from his circumnavigation in 1580, Drake brought a lavish estate called Buckland Abbey and settled into a second career as both a Member of Parliament and the mayor of the coastal town of Plymouth. As mayor, he helped build a canal that supplied Plymouth with fresh water for centuries, but he also took occasional breaks from his political duties to return to sea and conduct raids against the Spanish at Santa Domingo, Cartagena and St. Augustine, Florida.

8. He struck the first blow against the Spanish Armada.
In 1586, thanks in part to Drake’s relentless privateering, King Philip II began assembling the famed Spanish Armada for an invasion of England. Desperate to beat his old enemy to the punch, Drake set sail the following spring and launched a preemptive strike on the Spanish mainland at the port of Cadiz. After catching the town by surprise, he and a small fleet spent two days occupying its harbor and bombarding, burning or pillaging everything in sight. The Cadiz raid succeeded in destroying between 30 and 40 ships and several thousand tons of supplies, and Drake later continued his reign of terror by harassing the Portuguese coastline and capturing a treasure ship off the Azores. All told, his “singeing of the King of Spain’s beard,” as he jokingly called it, may have delayed the Armada’s launch by over a year. Drake would later serve as the vice admiral of the English fleet that helped scatter the Spanish invasion in the summer of 1588.

9. Drake was credited with having supernatural powers.
Drake’s skills as a naval commander were so feared that many of his enemies became convinced that he was a practitioner of witchcraft. Superstitious Spanish mariners whispered tales of how Drake possessed a magic mirror that allowed him to spy the location of all the ships on the sea, and there were rumors that he was in league with a demon or even Satan himself. After being defeated as part of the Spanish Armada, many sailors returned home claiming that Drake “was a devil, and no man!”

The burial of the Sir Francis Drake.
The burial of the Sir Francis Drake. (Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
10. His watery grave has never been found.
In 1595, an aging Sir Francis Drake set off on a final voyage to prowl the West Indies. His fleet was gunning for Spanish treasure, but an early attack on San Juan, Puerto Rico was repulsed, as was a second raid on Panama. Drake contracted dysentery as the disappointing voyage wore on, and on January 28, 1596, he died at sea off Portobello. The navigator’s body was later placed in full-armor, sealed inside a lead coffin and consigned to the deep some a few miles off the coastline. Scores of divers and historians have searched his burial site in the years since, but while some claim to have discovered the wrecks of English ships scuttled nearby, Drake’s body has never been recovered."


Black flags

Francis Drake, Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division, 3a38830r, public domain

Black pirate flags have an ancient history. Francis Drake, an English privateer, usually flew the flag of St. George, although in 1585, he flew black banners and streamers.


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10 Things You May Not Know About Francis Drake - HISTORY

How good is your bowls trivia? Take a look at our 10 bowls facts below to test your knowledge. If you learn something new, you could impress your friends the next time you’re at your local bowls club.

1. An ancient Egyptian game

Many bowls historians believe that the game developed from the Egyptians. One of their pastimes was to play skittles with round stones. Artefacts of this game were found in tombs dating 5,000 B.C.

2. The world’s oldest bowls pitch

The oldest lawn bowls site still played on is in Southampton, England. Records show that the green has been in use since 1299 A.D.

3. Popular around the world

Today bowls is played in over 40 countries across the world, with more than 50 member national authorities.

4. The home of modern bowls

The home of the modern game is Scotland. The World Bowls Centre is Caledonia House in Edinburgh.

5. A royal favourite

King James I was a fan of bowls. He once issued a publication called The Book of Sports, in which he condemned football and golf but encouraged the play of bowls.

6. Bringing bowls to America

English and Scottish colonists bought the game to America, and the first American bowling green was built in Williamsburg, Virginia in 1632. Many states have towns named Bowling Green because early settlers played the sport. Even George Washington played, and he had bowling green laid out at Mount Vernon in 1732.

7. Winning the game and winning the war

One of the most legendary stories in lawn bowls history is about Sir Francis Drake and the Spanish Armada. On 19 July 1588, Drake was playing bowls at Plymouth when he was told that the Spanish Armada had been sighted. The tale goes that his response was "There is plenty of time to win the game and thrash the Spaniards too." He finished his match and the British Navy defeated the Spanish Armada. Although many people question whether the bowls part of this story actually happened.

8. Bowls for people who are blind

A modified version of bowls can be played by people who are blind, and many blind bowlers are extremely skilful. A string is run out down the centre of the lane and wherever the jack lands it is moved across to the string and the length is called out by a sighted marker. When the bowls are rolled, their distance from and position in relation to the jack is also called out. This allows the bowler to adjust their aim and the force of their throw.

9. Playing bowls at sea

Short Mat Bowls is a sport that does not require a permanent location as the rink mats can be rolled up and stowed away. It’s great for situations where space is restricted or needed for other purposes. It is even played on North Sea oil rigs where space is really at a premium.

10. A 16 th century distraction

King Henry VIII was a lawn bowler. However, he banned the game for those who were not wealthy because "Bowyes, Fletchers, Stringers and Arrowhead makers" were spending more time at recreational events such as bowls instead of practising their trade.

Enjoying our Just Bowls blogs? Share this blog on Twitter or Facebook using the hashtag #JustBowls


Sir Francis Drake's birthplace is now a crumbling ruin

The birthplace of Sir Francis Drake is now a crumbling to ruin, due to &aposbenign neglect&apos following a planning debacle.

A hero to some, a villain to others, Drake was the sea captain who defeated the Spanish Armada and saved Elizabethan England.

Born in Tavistock, this privateer, slave trader, naval officer, pirate and explorer of the Elizabethan era will forever be synonymous with Plymouth Hoe - and the game of bowls he reputedly insisted on finishing before successfully defending Queen and Country.

But now, his birthplace - the Grade II listed Crowndale Farm, which includes several outbuildings and a barn - has fallen into a state of complete disrepair.

Trustees were given building consent to secure the premises with a temporary roof several years ago - but no action was taken.

Historians now fear an important part of British history could be lost forever.

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Sir Francis Drake, who carried out the second circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition, began his life at Crowndale Farm in Tavistock, Devon, in 1540.

His parents Edmund and Mary were tenant farmers at the time. The ruins of the farmhouse, where the famous explorer was born, still lie at Crowndale Farm to this day.

But historian Simon Dell, chairman of the Tavistock Historic Society, said the whole site was falling apart.

He added: "The building where the mill wheel was located is in a regrettable state of benign neglect.

"It now seems that the neglect shown to that important piece of Tavistock’s agricultural history has taken a turn for the worse by collapsing and it’s at risk of further collapse.

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"I am aware it’s a Grade II Listed building and should have received more sensitive attention.

"I would rate the mill barn at Crowndale Farm as another iconic building which is now at risk of being lost."

Sir Drake&aposs parents leased the property from Francis, second Earl of Bedford.

The barn, which was part of one of the Duke of Bedford’s model farms, dates back to the 16th century.

Harry Bennett, Associate Professor of History at Plymouth University, said: "It is very sad to see the barn at Crowndale in such a state.

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"Many of the buildings in the locality which Drake knew as a boy have gone and now we are in danger of completely losing touch with the Tudor landscape of Drake&aposs youth.

"Drake was a remarkable figure: On the one hand a national saviour against the Spanish Armada whose voyages of exploration and plunder opened up the new world and paid off the national debt.

"But on the other he was a pirate and a slaver who helped to initiate one of the darkest trades in human history.

"Preserving what little remains of the world Drake knew allows us to tell that story, and perhaps to see the world through his eyes, so that we can see both the good and the bad of the history which his life encapsulated&apos.

10 things you never knew about Sir Francis Drake

Born in Tavistock, Sir Francis Drake will forever be associated with Plymouth Hoe - and the game of bowls he reputedly insisted on finishing before setting sail to successfully defend England from the Spanish Armada.

Hailed a hero by Elizabeth I, denounced as a pirate by the Spanish - and considered to be a slave trader by modern historians - few people have left their mark on the world like Drake did.

The Royal Museums at Greenwich have compiled these 10 facts most people don&apost know about the man the Spanish called &aposThe Dragon&apos

1. Sir Francis Drake was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe

. and the second ever to complete a circumnavigation of the globe. Drake’s circumnavigation of the globe was also a secret pirate mission sanctioned by Queen Elizabeth against the Spanish (Drake was a privateer, which meant that he was given permission by the crown to raid enemy ships and cargoes). Elizabeth commissioned Drake to lead an exhibition against the Spanish colonies on the Pacific coast of America.

2. Drake was one of the first British slave traders

. undertaking voyages as early as 1560 with his cousin John Hawkins to West Africa to capture men and women. They also attacked Portuguese slave ships in order to steal their human ‘cargo’.

3. Drake was hated by the Spanish who nicknamed him ‘El Draque’ or the Dragon

This was due to numerous raids he made against Spanish ships and settlements on his voyages. Some Spanish mariners were so afraid of Drake that they believed he practiced witchcraft. Drake was rumoured to be in league with the devil and to possess a magic mirror that allowed him to see the location of all the ships in the sea.

4. Drake was buried at sea off the coast of Portobelo, Panama

He died from dysentery on 28 January 1596 during a sea voyage. He was buried in a lead coffin, dressed in a full suit of armour. Numerous dives have been attempted to locate the lead coffin, but his body remains lost at sea.


5. Drake was made mayor of Plymouth for a term in 1581

Some years later Drake took a municipal contract to reconstruct a shallow canal bringing water to the town. This business arrangement has given rise to the myth that Francis Drake brought the first supply of water to the inhabitants of Plymouth. The supply of water is thought to have lasted up to 300 years.

6. A cannon ball is said to have flown straight through Drake’s legs but he was uninjured

This was during a battle in the harbour at Palma on Drake’s raid on the West Indies. One cannon ball &aposstrake atwixt our Generalls legges&apos (BL, Harley MS 2202, fol. 57v).

7. Drake is often (incorrectly) credited for introducing the potato to England after his circumnavigation of the globe

The first potatoes to reach England were most likely brought by the Spanish by the 1570s (a decade before Drake’s travels). However, Drake did return to England with tobacco and potatoes on the conclusion of his 1586 voyage to America, during which he also incidentally rescued the failed colonists at Roanoke.

8. Drake did not make an inventory of the booty he had acquired to avoid taxes from the Spanish or claims for it to be returned

Only Queen Elizabeth I and Drake knew the exact amount he looted on his circumnavigation and his voyages were classfied as “the Queen’s secrets of the Realm.” The Queen made Drake and other participants of his voyages swear to secrecy all information related to their travels, on pain of death.

9. Drake ordered a surgeon to open up his brother’s body after he died of an unknown disease

He wanted to learn his brother&aposs cause of death as this unknown disease was ravaging his ship.

10. Drake’s father was a fugitive from the law

Edmund Drake (tenant farmer for Francis Russell, 2 Earl of Bedford) fled his native county after being charged for “assault and robbery” in 1548.

Devon county councillor Debo Sellis also expressed her concerns over the barn’s ‘sorry state’.

She said: "I was asked if I could help and I was very concerned about some of the information I was given.

"I contacted the conservation officer and the county archaeologist and asked for their advice.

"I appreciate the relevance of the building and wondered if the officers are able to work with the owners or trustees to bring the building back up to standard."

One of the building’s trustees, Rex Buscombe, said: "We are aware that the roof has collapsed and the matter is receiving attention."

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Want more news?

To keep up to date with Plymouth Live&aposs latest news, follow us on Facebook here and Twitter here, or #text/uri-list


Contents

Francis Drake was born in Tavistock, Devon, England. Although his birth date is not formally recorded, it is known that he was born while the Six Articles were in force. His birth date is estimated from contemporary sources such as: "Drake was two and twenty when he obtained the command of the Judith" [11] (1566). This would date his birth to 1544. A date of c. 1540 is suggested from two portraits: one a miniature painted by Nicholas Hilliard in 1581 when he was allegedly 42, so born circa 1539, while the other, painted in 1594 when he was said to be 52, [12] would give a birth year of around 1541. Lady Elliott-Drake, the collateral descendant, and final holder of the Drake Baronetcy, argued in her book on 'The Family and Heirs of Sir Francis Drake' that Drake's birth year was 1541. [13]

He was the oldest of the twelve sons [14] of Edmund Drake (1518–1585), a Protestant farmer, and his wife Mary Mylwaye. The first son was alleged to have been named after his godfather Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford. [15] [16]

Because of religious persecution during the Prayer Book Rebellion in 1549, the Drake family fled from Devon to Kent. There Drake's father obtained an appointment to minister the men in the King's Navy. He was ordained deacon and was made vicar of Upnor Church on the Medway. [17] Drake's father apprenticed him to his neighbour, the master of a barque used for coastal trade transporting merchandise to France. [17] The ship's master was so satisfied with the young Drake's conduct that, being unmarried and childless at his death, he bequeathed the barque to Drake. [ when? ] [17]

Francis Drake married Mary Newman at St. Budeaux church, Plymouth, in July 1569. She died 12 years later, in 1581. In 1585, Drake married Elizabeth Sydenham—born circa 1562, the only child of Sir George Sydenham, of Combe Sydenham, [18] who was the High Sheriff of Somerset. [19] After Drake's death, the widow Elizabeth eventually married Sir William Courtenay of Powderham. [20]

In the 1550s, Drake's father found the young man a position with the owner and master of a small barque. Drake likely engaged in commerce among England, the Low Countries and France. On the death of the barque's owner, Drake was given the barque. [21]

At the age of eighteen he was purser of a ship which sailed to the Bay of Biscay. [22]

At twenty (c. 1563–1564) he made a voyage to the coast of Guinea in a ship owned by William and John Hawkins, some of his relatives from Plymouth. [23] [22] [24]

In 1566–1567, Drake made his first voyage to the Americas, sailing under Captain John Lovell on one of a fleet of ships owned by the Hawkins family. They attacked Portuguese towns and ships on the coast of West Africa and then sailed to the Americas and sold the captured cargoes of slaves to Spanish plantations. [25] The voyage was largely unsuccessful and more than 90 slaves were released without payment. [26] [27]

Drake's second voyage to the Americas and his second slaving voyage ended in the ill-fated 1568 incident at San Juan de Ulúa. [28] [29] [30] Whilst negotiating to resupply and repair at a Spanish port in Mexico, the fleet was attacked by Spanish warships, with all but two of the English ships lost. He escaped along with John Hawkins, surviving the attack by swimming. Drake's hostility towards the Spanish is said to have started with this incident and he vowed revenge. [31]

In 1570, his reputation enabled him to proceed to the West Indies with two vessels under his command. He renewed his visit the next year for the sole purpose of obtaining information. [22]

Drake's first victory

In 1572, Drake embarked on his first major independent enterprise. He planned an attack on the Isthmus of Panama, known to the Spanish as Tierra Firme and the English as the Spanish Main. This was the point at which the silver and gold treasure of Peru had to be landed and sent overland to the Caribbean Sea, where galleons from Spain would pick it up at the town of Nombre de Dios. Drake left Plymouth on 24 May 1572, with a crew of 73 men in two small vessels, the Pascha (70 tons) and the Swan (25 tons), to capture Nombre de Dios. [32]

Drake's first raid was late in July 1572. Drake formed an alliance with the Cimarrons. Drake and his men captured the town and its treasure. When his men noticed that Drake was bleeding profusely from a wound, they insisted on withdrawing to save his life and left the treasure. Drake stayed in the area for almost a year, raiding Spanish shipping and attempting to capture a treasure shipment.

The most celebrated of Drake's adventures along the Spanish Main was his capture of the Spanish Silver Train at Nombre de Dios in March 1573. He raided the waters around Darien (in modern Panama) with a crew including many French privateers including Guillaume Le Testu, a French buccaneer, and African slaves (Maroons) who had escaped the Spanish. One of these men was Diego, who under Drake became a free man was also a capable ship builder. [33] Drake tracked the Silver Train to the nearby port of Nombre de Dios. After their attack on the richly laden mule train, Drake and his party found that they had captured around 20 tons of silver and gold. They buried much of the treasure, as it was too much for their party to carry, and made off with a fortune in gold. [34] [35] (An account of this may have given rise to subsequent stories of pirates and buried treasure). Wounded, Le Testu was captured and later beheaded. The small band of adventurers dragged as much gold and silver as they could carry back across some 18 miles of jungle-covered mountains to where they had left the raiding boats. When they got to the coast, the boats were gone. Drake and his men, downhearted, exhausted and hungry, had nowhere to go and the Spanish were not far behind.

At this point, Drake rallied his men, buried the treasure on the beach, and built a raft to sail with two volunteers ten miles along the surf-lashed coast to where they had left the flagship. When Drake finally reached its deck, his men were alarmed at his bedraggled appearance. Fearing the worst, they asked him how the raid had gone. Drake could not resist a joke and teased them by looking downhearted. Then he laughed, pulled a necklace of Spanish gold from around his neck and said "Our voyage is made, lads!" By 9 August 1573, he had returned to Plymouth.

It was during this expedition that Drake climbed a high tree in the central mountains of the Isthmus of Panama and thus became the first Englishman to see the Pacific Ocean. He remarked as he saw it that he hoped one day an Englishman would be able to sail it – which he would do years later as part of his circumnavigation of the world. [36]

When Drake returned to Plymouth after the raids, the government signed a temporary truce with King Philip II of Spain and so was unable to acknowledge Drake's accomplishment officially. Drake was considered a hero in England and a pirate in Spain for his raids. [37]

Drake was present at the 1575 Rathlin Island massacre in Ireland. Acting on the instructions of Sir Henry Sidney and the Earl of Essex, Sir John Norreys and Drake laid siege to Rathlin Castle. Despite their surrender, Norreys' troops killed all the 200 defenders and more than 400 civilian men, women and children of Clan MacDonnell. [38] Meanwhile, Drake was given the task of preventing any Gaelic Irish or Scottish reinforcements reaching the island. Therefore, the remaining leader of the Gaelic defence against English power, Sorley Boy MacDonnell, was forced to stay on the mainland. Essex wrote in his letter to Queen Elizabeth's secretary, that following the attack Sorley Boy "was likely to have run mad for sorrow, tearing and tormenting himself and saying that he there lost all that he ever had." [39]

With the success of the Panama isthmus raid, in 1577 Elizabeth I of England sent Drake to start an expedition against the Spanish along the Pacific coast of the Americas. Drake acted on the plan authored by Sir Richard Grenville, who had received royal patent for it in 1574. Just a year later the patent was rescinded after protests from Philip of Spain.

Diego was once again employed under Drake his fluency in Spanish and English would make him a useful interpreter when Spaniards or Spanish-speaking Portuguese were captured. He was employed as Drake's servant and was paid wages, just like the rest of the crew. [33] Drake and the fleet set out from Plymouth on 15 November 1577, but bad weather threatened him and his fleet. They were forced to take refuge in Falmouth, Cornwall, from where they returned to Plymouth for repair. [40]

After this major setback, Drake set sail again on 13 December aboard Pelican with four other ships and 164 men. He soon added a sixth ship, Mary (formerly Santa Maria), a Portuguese merchant ship that had been captured off the coast of Africa near the Cape Verde Islands. He also added its captain, Nuno da Silva, a man with considerable experience navigating in South American waters.

Drake's fleet suffered great attrition he scuttled both Christopher and the flyboat Swan due to loss of men on the Atlantic crossing. He made landfall at the gloomy bay of San Julian, in what is now Argentina. Ferdinand Magellan had called here half a century earlier, where he put to death some mutineers. Drake's men saw weathered and bleached skeletons on the grim Spanish gibbets. Following Magellan's example, Drake tried and executed his own "mutineer" Thomas Doughty. The crew discovered that Mary had rotting timbers, so they burned the ship. Drake decided to remain the winter in San Julian before attempting the Strait of Magellan. [41]

Execution of Thomas Doughty

On his voyage to interfere with Spanish treasure fleets, Drake had several quarrels with his co-commander Thomas Doughty and on 3 June 1578, accused him of witchcraft and charged him with mutiny and treason in a shipboard trial. [42] Drake claimed to have a (never presented) commission from the Queen to carry out such acts and denied Doughty a trial in England. The main pieces of evidence against Doughty were the testimony of the ship's carpenter, Edward Bright, who after the trial was promoted to master of the ship Marigold, and Doughty's admission of telling Lord Burghley, a vocal opponent of agitating the Spanish, of the intent of the voyage. Drake consented to his request of Communion and dined with him, of which Francis Fletcher had this strange account:

And after this holy repast, they dined also at the same table together, as cheerfully, in sobriety, as ever in their lives they had done aforetime, each cheering up the other, and taking their leave, by drinking each to other, as if some journey only had been in hand. [43]

Drake had Thomas Doughty beheaded on 2 July 1578. When the ship's chaplain Francis Fletcher in a sermon suggested that the woes of the voyage in January 1580 were connected to the unjust demise of Doughty, Drake chained the clergyman to a hatch cover and pronounced him excommunicated.

Entering the Pacific (1578)

The three remaining ships of his convoy departed for the Magellan Strait at the southern tip of South America. A few weeks later (September 1578) Drake made it to the Pacific, but violent storms destroyed one of the three ships, the Marigold (captained by John Thomas) in the strait and caused another, the Elizabeth captained by John Wynter, to return to England, leaving only the Pelican. After this passage, the Pelican was pushed south and discovered an island that Drake called Elizabeth Island. Drake, like navigators before him, probably reached a latitude of 55°S (according to astronomical data quoted in Hakluyt's The Principall Navigations, Voiages and Discoveries of the English Nation of 1589) along the Chilean coast. [44] In the Magellan Strait Francis and his men engaged in skirmish with local indigenous people, becoming the first Europeans to kill indigenous peoples in southern Patagonia. [45] During the stay in the strait, crew members discovered that an infusion made of the bark of Drimys winteri could be used as remedy against scurvy. Captain Wynter ordered the collection of great amounts of bark – hence the scientific name. [45]

Despite popular lore, it seems unlikely that Drake reached Cape Horn or the eponymous Drake Passage, [44] because his descriptions do not fit the first and his shipmates denied having seen an open sea. [ citation needed ] Historian Mateo Martinic, who examined his travels, credits Drake with the discovery of the "southern end of the Americas and the oceanic space south of it". [46] The first report of his discovery of an open channel south of Tierra del Fuego was written after the 1618 publication of the voyage of Willem Schouten and Jacob le Maire around Cape Horn in 1616. [47]

Drake pushed onwards in his lone flagship, now renamed the Golden Hind in honour of Sir Christopher Hatton (after his coat of arms). The Golden Hind sailed north along the Pacific coast of South America, attacking Spanish ports and pillaging towns. Some Spanish ships were captured, and Drake used their more accurate charts. Before reaching the coast of Peru, Drake visited Mocha Island, where he was seriously injured by hostile Mapuche. Later he sacked the port of Valparaíso further north in Chile, where he also captured a ship full of Chilean wine. [48]

Capture of Spanish treasure ships

Near Lima, Drake captured a Spanish ship with 25,000 pesos of Peruvian gold, amounting in value to 37,000 ducats of Spanish money (about £7m by modern standards). Drake also discovered news of another ship, Nuestra Señora de la Concepción, which was sailing west towards Manila. It would come to be called the Cacafuego. Drake gave chase and eventually captured the treasure ship, which proved his most profitable capture.

Aboard Nuestra Señora de la Concepción, Drake found 36 kilograms (80 lb) of gold, a golden crucifix, jewels, 13 chests full of royals of plate [ clarification needed ] and 26 thousand kilograms (26 long tons) of silver. Drake was naturally pleased at his good luck in capturing the galleon, and he showed it by dining with the captured ship's officers and gentleman passengers. He offloaded his captives a short time later, and gave each one gifts appropriate to their rank, as well as a letter of safe conduct.

Coast of California: Nova Albion (1579)

Prior to Drake's voyage, the western coast of North America had only been partially explored in 1542 by Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo who sailed for Spain. [49] So, intending to avoid further conflict with Spain, Drake navigated northwest of Spanish presence and sought a discreet site at which the crew could prepare for the journey back to England. [50] [51]

On 5 June 1579, the ship briefly made first landfall at what is now South Cove, Cape Arago, just south of Coos Bay, Oregon, and then sailed south while searching for a suitable harbour to repair his ailing ship. [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] On 17 June, Drake and his crew found a protected cove when they landed on the Pacific coast of what is now Northern California. [57] [58] While ashore, he claimed the area for Queen Elizabeth I as Nova Albion or New Albion. [59] To document and assert his claim, Drake posted an engraved plate of brass to claim sovereignty for Elizabeth and every successive English monarch. [60] After erecting a fort and tents ashore, the crew labored for several weeks as they prepared for the circumnavigating voyage ahead by careening their ship, Golden Hind, so to effectively clean and repair the hull. [61] Drake had friendly interactions with the Coast Miwok and explored the surrounding land by foot. [62] When his ship was ready for the return voyage, Drake and the crew left New Albion on 23 July and paused his journey the next day when anchoring his ship at the Farallon Islands where the crew hunted seal meat. [63] [64] [65]

Across the Pacific and around Africa

Drake left the Pacific coast, heading southwest to catch the winds that would carry his ship across the Pacific, and a few months later reached the Moluccas, a group of islands in the western Pacific, in eastern modern-day Indonesia. At this time Diego died from wounds he had sustained earlier in the voyage, Drake was saddened at his death having become a good friend. [33] Golden Hind later became caught on a reef and was almost lost. After the sailors waited three days for convenient tides and had dumped cargo. Befriending Sultan Babullah of Ternate in the Moluccas, Drake and his men became involved in some intrigues with the Portuguese there. He made multiple stops on his way toward the tip of Africa, eventually rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and reached Sierra Leone by 22 July 1580.

Return to Plymouth (1580)

On 26 September, Golden Hind sailed into Plymouth with Drake and 59 remaining crew aboard, along with a rich cargo of spices and captured Spanish treasures. The Queen's half-share of the cargo surpassed the rest of the crown's income for that entire year. Drake was hailed as the first Englishman to circumnavigate the Earth (and the second such voyage arriving with at least one ship intact, after Elcano's in 1520). [67]

The Queen declared that all written accounts of Drake's voyages were to become the Queen's secrets of the Realm, and Drake and the other participants of his voyages on the pain of death sworn to their secrecy she intended to keep Drake's activities away from the eyes of rival Spain. Drake presented the Queen with a jewel token commemorating the circumnavigation. Taken as a prize off the Pacific coast of Mexico, it was made of enamelled gold and bore an African diamond and a ship with an ebony hull. [67]

For her part, the Queen gave Drake a jewel with her portrait, an unusual gift to bestow upon a commoner, and one that Drake sported proudly in his 1591 portrait by Marcus Gheeraerts now at the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. On one side is a state portrait of Elizabeth by the miniaturist Nicholas Hilliard, on the other a sardonyx cameo of double portrait busts, a regal woman and an African male. The "Drake Jewel", as it is known today, is a rare documented survivor among sixteenth-century jewels it is conserved at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. [67]

Knighthood and arms

Queen Elizabeth awarded Drake a knighthood aboard Golden Hind in Deptford on 4 April 1581 the dubbing being performed by a French diplomat, Monsieur de Marchaumont, who was negotiating for Elizabeth to marry the King of France's brother, Francis, Duke of Anjou. [68] [69] By getting the French diplomat involved in the knighting, Elizabeth was gaining the implicit political support of the French for Drake's actions. [70] [71] [72] During the Victorian era, in a spirit of nationalism, the story was promoted that Elizabeth I had done the knighting. [69]

After receiving his knighthood Drake unilaterally adopted the armorials of the ancient Devon family of Drake of Ash, near Musbury, to whom he claimed a distant but unspecified kinship. These arms were: Argent, a wyvern wings displayed and tail nowed gules, [73] and the crest, a dexter arm Proper grasping a battle axe Sable, headed Argent. The head of that family, also a distinguished sailor, Sir Bernard Drake (d.1586), angrily refuted Sir Francis's claimed kinship and his right to bear his family's arms. That dispute led to "a box on the ear" being given to Sir Francis by Sir Bernard at court, as recorded by John Prince (1643–1723) in his "Worthies of Devon", first published in 1701. [74] Queen Elizabeth, to assuage matters, awarded Sir Francis his own coat of arms, blazoned as follows:

Sable a fess wavy between two pole-stars [Arctic and Antarctic] argent and for his crest, a ship on a globe under ruff, held by a cable with a hand out of the clouds over it this motto, Auxilio Divino underneath, Sic Parvis Magna in the rigging whereof is hung up by the heels a wivern, gules, which was the arms of Sir Bernard Drake. [75]

The motto, Sic Parvis Magna, translated literally, is: "Thus great things from small things (come)". The hand out of the clouds, labelled Auxilio Divino, means "With Divine Help". The full achievement is depicted in the form of a large coloured plaster overmantel in the Lifetimes Gallery at Buckland Abbey [76]

Nevertheless, Drake continued to quarter his new arms with the wyvern gules. [77] The arms adopted by his nephew Sir Francis Drake, 1st Baronet (1588–1637) of Buckland were the arms of Drake of Ash, but the wyvern without a "nowed" (knotted) tail. [78]

Arms of Sir Francis Drake: Sable, a fess wavy between two pole-stars Arctic and Antarctic argent


Life of the Week: Sir Francis Drake

In November 1577 Elizabethan seaman Sir Francis Drake set out at sea to become the first Englishman to circumnavigate the earth. However, bad weather quickly forced Drake to return home.

This competition is now closed

Published: November 23, 2015 at 10:55 am

A few weeks later, Drake set sail for a second time. He did not return to England for nearly three years, until after completing his circumnavigation mission.

Alongside his exploratory successes in sailing across the earth, Sir Francis Drake was also one of the most prominent naval leaders of the Spanish Armada in 1588.

Here, we look at the seaman’s life…

Born: c1540 in Tavistock, Devon

Died: 28 January 1596, off of the coast of Portobelo, Panama

Remembered for: Being one of the most famous seamen of the 16 th century and for becoming the first Englishman to circumnavigate the world.

Family: Drake was the eldest child of farmer Edmund Drake, who later became a Protestant preacher, and Mary Mylwaye. Drake had 11 younger brothers.

In 1569 Drake married Mary Newman, who died in 1581. Drake’s second marriage was to Elizabeth Sydenham, in 1585. He had no children from either of these marriages.

His life: The date of Francis Drake’s birth is unknown, but it is estimated that he was born in c1540 in Tavistock, Devon.

At around the age of 12, Drake began travelling at sea after becoming an apprentice on a trade ship. Drake must have made an impression on his master, as he inherited the ship when he was a teenager, after the death of his master.

In his early 20s, Drake sold his trade ship and began travelling to the Americas with his second cousin, Sir John Hawkins, who was a naval commander and slave trader. During these voyages, Drake and Hawkins raided foreign ships and ports, and stole masses of gold, silver and other treasure.

In 1568, Drake was onboard his ship in San Juan de Ulúa in Mexico, as part of a fleet of vessels owned by the Hawkins family, when Spanish ships began to fire. During this skirmish, Drake was able to escape along with Hawkins. The attack, however, spurred him to seek revenge on Spain.

In May 1572, Drake set off on his first independent expedition to Panama, between North and South America. Drake planned to raid Panama, as there were reports that the Spanish were storing tons of gold and silver there. In July 1572, Drake and his men successfully raided the town of Nombre de Dios, Panama, and seized around 20 tons of treasure. However, they were forced leave some of their booty behind, as they could not load all of it onto their ships.

Impressed by his success at sea, in 1577 Queen Elizabeth I sponsored Drake’s voyage to circumnavigate the earth. After failing to set sail in November 1577 because of bad weather, in December 1577 Drake began his venture from Plymouth aboard his ship, the Pelican (also known as the Golden Hind), with around 164 men and four extra ships. Drake began his journey by travelling to the Pacific coast.

After arriving in South America, Drake feared that his ships may become separated while at sea, possibly due to the hazardous weather conditions, and so ordered that two of them be destroyed. Drake and his crew then faced destructive storms during the journey to the Pacific Ocean, which ruined one ship, with another forced to return to England.

Despite this, Drake continued sailing on the Pelican and raided Spanish ports and settlements off the South American coast. He then sailed up the west coast of North America, and in June 1579 landed in present-day California. Drake claimed the land, naming it Nova Albion (or ‘New Britain’) on the behalf of Elizabeth I.

In July 1579, Drake sailed across the Pacific before travelling around the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa, and then made his way back to the Atlantic Ocean. On 26 September 1580, Drake and his men returned to Plymouth, England, after successfully circumnavigating the earth, bringing with them all sorts of treasures from their travels.

In 1581, Elizabeth I knighted Drake onboard his famous ship, the Pelican, in recognition of his achievement. Drake was now one of the most celebrated and respected seamen of his time, and became Mayor of Plymouth in September 1581. He then went on to become a member of parliament in 1581, 1584 and 1593.

Tensions between England and Spain increased greatly during the 1580s. In 1587 Drake led his fleet in a charge against Philip II of Spain’s troops in Cadiz and Corunna. Drake and his men successfully wrecked over 30 Spanish ships, consequently delaying the building of the Spanish Armada.

In 1588, Drake was the vice admiral of the English fleet during the Spanish Armada. During the battle, he captured Spain’s flagship, the Rosario.

After the defeat of the Armada, Drake continued to embark on expeditions across the world. In 1589, he was ordered to destroy any remaining Spanish ships that had been involved in the Armada. Drake then attempted to take control of the Azores in Portugal, which had come under the control of Philip II. Despite wrecking some ships, the expedition was a disaster for the English after they lost 20 vessels and around 12,000 lives.

On 28 January 1596, Drake died of dysentery off the coast of Portobelo, Panama, aged around 56. Drake’s second cousin, John Hawkins, also died during this expedition. Both of their bodies were buried at sea.


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