Lincoln, Grant and Sherman Huddle Up, 150 Years Ago

Lincoln, Grant and Sherman Huddle Up, 150 Years Ago

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With the Confederacy on its last legs, Grant invited Lincoln to visit his headquarters in City Point (now Hopewell), Virginia, situated along the James River just a few miles from the front. “I would like very much to see you,” the general wrote, “and I think the rest would do you good.” Lincoln immediately accepted the offer, arriving on March 24, 1865, with his wife, Mary Todd, and young son Tad. In addition to seeing his older son Robert, who served on Grant’s staff, Lincoln spent time in the hospital with wounded soldiers, both Union and Confederate. He also witnessed the Battle of Fort Stedman, in which Southern troops launched a desperate and ultimately failed bid to break the long-running siege of Petersburg, Virginia, a major supply hub. Coming across dead and wounded men, the president was overheard remarking that “he had seen enough of the horrors of war” and “that he hoped this was the beginning of the end.”

At the same time, Sherman was coincidentally planning his own trip to City Point. Fresh off his “March to the Sea” from Atlanta to Savannah, he had continued his slash-and-burn tactics up through the Carolinas and now appeared on the verge of linking up with Grant. Desiring a parley with his boss, Sherman wrote to Grant that he might visit “for a day or two, before diving into the bowels of the country again,” and that “in one more move” they could “checkmate” Confederate General Robert E. Lee. He then traveled nearly 100 miles to the North Carolina coast, where he hopped on a captured Confederate blockade runner that whisked him up to City Point by the afternoon of March 27. His old friend Grant was there to welcome him, and after trading stories for an hour or so, the duo called on Lincoln aboard his steamship, the River Queen. Porter, another of Sherman and Grant’s friends who commanded the Union fleet on the James River, also may have been present (he later said he attended both days’ meetings, whereas Sherman said he only attended the second).

Either way, Sherman would call this first encounter a “good, long, social visit,” in which Lincoln asked questions about his “great march” and about how the troops would hold up in his absence. “When at rest or listening, his legs and arms seemed to hang almost lifeless, and his face was care-worn and haggard,” Sherman wrote of the president, “but the moment he began to talk, his face lightened up, his tall form, as it were, unfolded, and he was the very impersonation of good-humor and fellowship.” Saving more serious discussions for the following day, the two generals took their leave of Lincoln before dinner. They then spent the rest of the evening cracking jokes with other high-ranking military officials and with Grant’s wife, Julia, who gently chided them for forgetting to greet Mrs. Lincoln. Debates over strategy also took place, such as whether a cavalry unit should remain in Virginia or join Sherman in North Carolina.

After meeting with additional high-ranking military officials the next morning, Sherman, Grant and Porter once again boarded the River Queen for what one Union officer described as an “informal interchange of views between the four men who … held the destiny of the nation in their hands.” This time around, Grant briefed the president on his latest military maneuvers and expressed his desire to prevent Lee from uniting with a separate Confederate army in North Carolina. According to Sherman and Porter (the only two of the four to leave a written account of the conference), the generals expected at least one more major battle, much to the consternation of Lincoln, who reiterated that there had been “blood enough shed.” Sherman next turned the conversation to Reconstruction of the South, with Lincoln responding that rebel soldiers would be allowed to return to their homes as soon as they laid down their arms. He even implied that he wouldn’t punish Jefferson Davis, provided the Confederate president left the country.

That very afternoon, Sherman departed for North Carolina, but not before the president purportedly told him and Grant that he liked them because they “never found fault with me.” Sherman responded in kind, writing, “Of all the men I have met, [Lincoln] seemed to possess more of the elements of greatness, combined with goodness, than any other.” Within days of their historic get-together, Grant finally finished cutting the roads and rail lines into Petersburg, prompting the Confederates to abandon both it and Richmond, their capital. Lincoln visited Petersburg on April 3 and Richmond on April 4, despite a warning from his secretary of war that snipers might be about. Newly freed blacks apparently thronged around him in the streets. The president then returned to Washington, D.C., on April 9, the same day as Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House.

T Max's Music Site

Cover: A Scanner Darkly, Laughing Academy, Conrad Capistran
The Zulus, Barrence Whitfield & the Savages, Holy Cow,
Condo Pygmies, Big Dipper, Think Tree, Green Magnet School, Boogaloo
Swamis, Well Babys, who, I’m happy to say, came about from the open jam
I used to run at Green Street Station, wrote “(I’m Living in an)
Alcoholic Psychosis” with the Noise’s own Francis Dimenno, and later
were Rumble finalists. And in the grand tradition of Larry Flynt, the
singer wore an American flag diaper.
and Stuff
: The band on the cover looks weird. This was a Noise first…
and last: A Scanner Darkly broke up just as we were going to press and
gave me no photo. Instead they submitted the weird African mask
illustration. *** Drummer Jesse Mayer (now known as Jesse von Kenmore)
leaves Shake the Faith and is sitting in with the Drive. No truth to
the rumor that his faith was shaken. *** Christmas is looking for a
bass player. *** The Slaves change their name to Masters & Slaves.
Well, it beats Masters & Baiters. (Masters & Johnson might’ve
had a few words about that.) *** Jeff Hudson’s new project is
called Dresden Danse. Interesting… did he wear black and white
striped stockings and shine a light on his crotch? No, but the Hudsons
also had that “Sushi Bar” band. At the Channel once, they had Oedipus
in a snazzy kimono serving up sushi to fans from the stage. *** Blood
Oranges break up. *** Johnny & the Jumper Cables DO NOT break up,
one could say by popular demand, and despite their original plan to
only do thirteen shows and pack it in. (Insert “packing in” joke here.)
At what was supposed to be that last show (opening for Yo La Tengo at
T.T.’s), a huge crowd arrived just before their set, then mysteriously
dispersed right afterward, confusing the fuck outta the headliners. ***
Bob Weston (Volcano Suns) takes over WMBR’s Late Riser’s Club for
Albert O, and breaks his nose in a bike vs. car accident. *** Albert O
becomes a daddy-o. Bob Weston is not involved. Are you sure? I heard
both guys suffered from the spins, if ya get my drift (oof, sorry). ***
Birthdays! Stephen Fredette (Scruffy the Cat) is 10/3, Joanie
Lindstrom of WMBR is 10/8, Woody Geissman (Del Fuegos) is 10/23. ***
Randi Millman leaves WAAF and is booking acoustic Monday nights at
T.T.’s, called Trav’lin’ Light. *** The Question of the Month, about
what would you change if you could go back in time, yields an awful lot
of “Man, that marriage was a mistake” answers. There are also a lot of
marriage announcements in the gossip column. Wonder what would happen
if you asked this question again? I’d forever hold my peace. Or maybe
my piece. I’m planning to get married soon myself. I really need the

Cover: Orangutang
Morphine, Curtain Society, Malachite, Flying Nuns, Jennifer Trynin
Band, Dambuilders, Letters to Cleo, Pooka Stew, Mistle Thrush, Serum,
Shiva Speedway, Bulkhead, Curious Ritual, BeBe Gallini, Cold Water
Flat, Inhale Mary, Hank, Combustible Edison (No truth to the rumor
that members of Christmas formed the band when they couldn’t find a
bass player.)
Gossip and Stuff: The 13th
anniversary issue begins with a question of the month that asks about
the best pick-up line heard. Mark Sandman (Morphine) says, “Let’s go.”
I happen to know it worked on both Rita and Lolita. *** Kay Hanley’s
(Letters to Cleo) answer is even better: “Has anyone asked you the
Question of the Month for the Noise yet?” *** Chandler Travis forms a
band called Lester, which is intermittently called Lester Bangs.
*** Rick Berlin forms Rick Berlin & the Awful Truth. *** Ex-members
of Lizzie Borden & the Axes and Shades of Grey form the Syphlloids,
who caused some squawking and even boycotting among local retailers for
their porn-themed ads in the Noise. *** Seemingly ready to launch into
new band highs, Malachite unceremoniously calls it quits. *** Clem
Snide also breaks up. Note: those last two bands both came back to
life. “You call this living?” *** Vision Thing wins an ASCAP grant and
a mention in Billboard magazine. ASCAP gives out money to musicians?!
*** Gigolo Aunts are on Conan O’Brien, but are introduced as being from
Potsdam, NY, their old hometown.

Slide, Ross Phasor, Psychotic Larry, the Sugar Twins. Weren’t they one
of the last bands to play the World Trade Center? I know they were the
last band to let you stick your head up their skirts.
Baby Ray, Rock City Crime Wave, Cul de Sac, Babaloo, Cherry 2000, Kenne
Highland Clan, Betwixt, Volition, Seventeen, Half Cocked, Canine,
Laurie Geltman, Count Zero, Cheerleadr, Incredible Casuals, Duty Now
for the Future, Boy Wonder, Shelley Winters Project, Chin Ho!, Mascara,
the Gravel Pit, the Pills, Superhoney, the Swallows, Angry Salad, Mary
Lou Lord, Calendar Girl, Papas Fritas, Ramona Silver, Roadsaw, Push
Kings, Push Stars, Rustic Overtones, Sheila Divine, Señor Happy, Fly
Seville, Splashdown, Tarbox Ramblers, Superzero, Lifestyle, Random Road
Mother (forever in my heart for the rumor that the singer had to puke
from nerves right after every show, and also for the song,
“”), Godboy (forever in my heart for the song, “Analingus”
and having the temerity to try following Darkbuster in the Rumble
prelims), Seks Bomba (forever in my heart for being totally fuckin’
Gossip and Stuff: Wow, the 18th
anniversary issue feels so much weightier than the other three issues
in this column! 1999 was a big year for heavy music . *** A new Internet
radio start-up,, is calling for CD submissions. Sadly,
this great station didn’t last. Someone should fund a re-launch, this
would probably be huge now. *** Lilli Dennison begins working with the
B Side Lounge in Cambridge. Someone should write a book on all she’s
done for this town. Sad enough she left Boston, but then later had to
leave New Orleans after getting schmucked by Katrina. She is missed by
many here. *** The Push Stars tour with Julian Lennon. *** Magonia’s
song “Dust” is used in a Volkswagen commercial. *** Superzero wins a
WAAF Battle of the Bands. *** Chin Ho! is sponsored by both
Jagermeister and Jim Beam. Now that explains the over-exuberant
exclamation point in their name. *** Jonah Jenkins, Zeph Courtney,
Darryl Sheppard, and Bob Maloney form the Dead Formerly Stones. ***
Ball in the House changes its name to 617. No truth to the rumor they
play what’s known as “508 rock.” *** Susan Lutin (x-3 1/2 Girls) forms
Box Car Betty. *** Lenny Scolletta forms the Wayoutz. *** Uncool Niece
becomes the Kitty Kill. *** Despite having a pizza named after them at
Bella Luna, the Johnny Black Trio call it quits. The “trio” in this
case being black olives, shrimp and wild mushrooms. FACT! *** Count
Zero and Little A play the Noise 18th anniversary party. I remember
when the Noise turned 18. I didn’t stick my head under anyone’s skirt,
or fall to my knees and kiss anyone’s thighs, like I did in other
years. Sometimes it’s better to just have a blackout. If not for you,
for them.

Cover: Fluttr, Robby Roadsteamer, Chris Evil & the Taints, Mark Bryant, Kirsten Malone Memorial
Neptune, Superhoney, Count Zero, Lincoln Conspiracy, Mission of Burma,
UV Protection, Mittens, Kevin MacDonald Band, Will Dailey, Heidi
Saperstein, the Pills, Cyanide Valentine, We’re All Gonna Die, the
Hidden, Ho-Ag, the Figgs, the Rudds, Beefy/DC, Sugabomb, the Other
Girls, December Sound, Dear Old Stockholm Syndrome, the Collisions,
Rick Berlin, Lyres, Classic Ruins, Bleu (who got a song in one of the
Spider-Man movies) —correction—he got a song on the Spider-Man
soundtrack—it was never in the movie!
& Stuff
: Cool photos here: Thermos X. Pimpington (Voodoo
Screw Machine) slides into second base—later he is hospitalized for
his goose poop-infected leg scrapes (VSM was banned from Harper’s after
a performer’s breasts were bared onstage, with just some strategic
black tape on them, during a cover of Blue Oyster Cult’s “Flaming
Telepaths.” It was still on YouTube as of this writing.) Muck &
the Mires pose with Pete Best UV Protection dawns long capes and
helmets with eye shields for the centerfold Robby Roadsteamer parodies
Bruce Springsteen’s famous photo, leaning up against sidekick Aaron the
King Wizard in place of saxman Clarence Clemons. *** What would you
change if you could go back in time? Pokemonojeff (Lyres) would take
the “the” off Lyres’ 7-inch 45 John Powhida (the Rudds) would have
performed as a living statue at corporate parties Gene Dante (…&
the Future Starlets) would stop John Lennon’s murder Lenny Lashley
(Darkbuster) would play the numbers that won the million dollar jackpot
in Lowell Mark Kates (Fenway Recordings) would go back to October 2003
and take Pedro out in the 8th inning after the first man reached base.
Remember this is what Mark said in September 2004. Little did he know
what would happen one month later. *** Muck & the Mires win the
grand prize in the Little Steven Battle of the Garage Bands. ***
Mission of Burma plays a show that includes special guests Bill and
Hillary Clinton, Reverend Al Sharpton, and Jerry Springer. No truth to
the rumors that Burma dedicated “Weatherbox” to Monica Lewinski, or
that the Clintons had a steel cage match on Springer the next day as a
result. *** Michael Cudahy (Combustible Edison) is a contestant on
Jeopardy and loses to Ken Jennings—the biggest winner ever on the TV
show. See what happens when you don’t find a bass player?

The Irish Catholic Hajj Lived

The trek towards Middle America is daunting in an Econoline van, 700 miles and 11 hours long. Yet the draw for a 17-strong contingent of Philadelphia area products from the Roman Catholic Church and school systems is irresistible, as witnessed by a core group that has made the South Bend trek to University of Notre Dame football games 17 times now.

The underside of an obscure card table, inscribed with the names of past participants documents the participants from year-to-year. Those making the Hajj for the first time dutifully add (R) to their names to signify their rookie status. We also made habit of marveling at the precision organization, courtesy of Major General (Honarary) Edward Brady (Father Judge 󈨎), and execution. Staying out of the way – unless called upon – for fear of ruining the mojo.

The group was not nearly as rowdy as might have been – and probably was – years ago. Then again most of use are on the downhill side of 50 or below sea-level of 60! It does seem to mute the wackiness. The one exception being the call to “Huddle up!!” by Staff Sargeant (Hon) Lenny, a call to imbibe shots of intestinal fortitude.

You learn to celebrate Life more managably as you grow older.

Friday was for a tour of the Notre Dame campus, steeped in history not limited to football. As a Philly guy, never quite bitten as badly by the ND bug, hearing the story of John Cardinal O’Hara (former Philadelphia Cardinal of the Archdiocese and President of Notre Dame) next to his marble crypt is one example. The Battle of Gettysburg story of Reverend William Corey, steadying New York’s Irish Brigade in the hours before their date with Destiny at Little Round Top and the wheat field, is quite another.

As for the football experience, the pageantry and loyal following the Fighting Irish inspire is evident at every venue. For me, the excitement generated by the Notre Dame Band of the Fighting Irish, on Friday particularly with the horn section warming up the crowd inside The Rotunda was simply spectacular!

Saturday, the focus was FOOTBALL … not to be overshadowed by perhaps the nicest stretch of weather shining down on the Best Tailgating Experience ever! (OK … Honestly the guy with the satellite dish and 40+ inch screen might have an edge here.) It’s difficult to imagine a better day.

The Miami of Ohio – Notre Dame game was anticlimactic, given the obvious talent gap and the Irish’s ability to step on Miami’ s throat in the 1st Quarter (Final: ND 52 – Miami 17). But the highlight truly is that there’s much, much more to enjoy at the Notre Dame Football experience than just a lopsided victory!


View of our rental’s backyard in the vicinity of the University of Notre Dame

Campaign 2020 Prep

In a moment of rare disappointment, I just tossed a work of fiction in the trash as I found myself rolling my eyes at the hero’s exploits way too often. And no, the book is not worth sharing …

Instead, I will take this time to begin prepping for the upcoming 2020 Democrat Primary campaign season with a historical look into the ancestry of one Elizabeth Warren, U.S. Senator …

… followed by Cory Booker

Memorial Day Remembrances

My Corona … Day 77: A Memorial Day tribute

I am guilty of complaining quite a bit lately about this interminable COVID-19 shutdown. But such will not be the case on Day 77, as we enjoy a COVID19-stunted holiday celebration. At times like these, it is important to understand what real suffering and sacrifice looks like in the wake of some of the darkest times in our history.

Remember the following and all the rest of these Heroes for the last full measure they have given and what their loved ones have gone through and endured for decades.

Charles H. Grubb from War Eagle, West Virginia looked like a Boy Scout, not so much the soldier he was in his U.S. Army uniform.

Attribution: Aaron Kidd, Stars and Stripes(.com)

“Grubb — who served with Company M, 3rd Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division — was declared dead a few months later, and his body was never found.

“The Chosin battle of Nov. 27-Dec. 13, 1950, pitted some 30,000 U.S.-led troops against a Chinese force of about 120,000 trying to prevent the allies from pushing north in a bid to unify the Korean Peninsula. Thousands were killed on both sides as troops engaged in hand-to-hand combat. Others perished from the bitter weather.

“Smith — who served with Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion, 23rd Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division — was reported missing Nov. 25, 1950, after his unit was attacked near Kujang-dong, North Korea. He died the following January at a temporary prisoner-of-war camp near Pukchin-Tarigol, according to several Americans who survived the war.

“In July 2018 — weeks after President Donald Trump met with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un for the first time in Singapore — the North handed over the 55 boxes purported to contain the remains of U.S. service members from the war. They were then flown to DPAA’s lab in Honolulu for identification.”

Grubb’s younger sister, Glenda Hatcher, waited 69 years for word of her brother’s fate. Grubb’s mother passed away in 2001, never knowing what happened to her son. Charles H. Grubb is now interred at Arlington National Cemetery.

A somewhat uplifting storyline accompanied the return of COL Roy J. Knight, Jr., of Milsap, Texas. In November 2019, 52 years after being declared MIA, then KIA when he was shot down over Laos, his remains were brought home. His son, Bryan Knight had the honor of piloting the Southwest Airlines flight ( < Click on link for details.) that brought his father back to Texas. He had last seen his father in January 1967, just four months before his loss over hostile territory. Bryan was only five years old.

COL Roy A. Knight, Jr. in front of his A1-E Skyraider

In July 2019, the remains of 20 U.S. Marines, who lost their lives on the island of Tarawa during the island-hopping Pacific campaign of World War II, were returned to the United States after their makeshift graves were located.

Attribution: David Vergun, US Department of Defense website

“The battle of Tarawa took place from Nov. 20 to 23, 1943, on the heavily fortified island of Betio, which was held by 4,500 Japanese troops. More than 18,000 Marines and sailors were sent to secure the island. When the battle finally ended, more than 1,000 U.S. troops had been killed.

“Marines killed in action were buried where they fell or were buried in a large trench built during and after the battle. These graves were typically marked with improvised markers, such as crosses made from sticks or an upturned rifle. Grave sites ranged in size from single isolated burials to large trench burials of more than 100 individuals, according to DPAA officials.

“More than 3,000 Japanese soldiers were killed on the island, as well as an estimated 1,000 Korean laborers. These men were buried where they fell, or in bomb craters and existing trenches. Their remains are sometimes commingled with U.S. casualties, DPAA officials said.

“Immediately after the final day of battle, landing troops were replaced by Navy construction battalions, known as “SeaBees,” who had little knowledge of the burial locations.

“The Seabees engaged in construction projects requiring the movement or rearrangement of known burials or grave markers. Later recovery efforts found that multiple grave markers were relocated without moving the burials they marked. No record of these movements has been found, officials said, and it’s likely none was kept.”

Repatriation ceremony for the Tarawa 20

My heart wants to believe their families knew they were killed-in-action knew where it happened knew where in general they were laid to rest. But waiting so long for the ability to say goodbye and assuage their grief sounds marginally better than not knowing anything for decades and yearning for their physical return.

Closure for those still living is a comforting thought. But you must empathize with those relatives … mothers, fathers, brothers, sisters … who passed away before their loved ones were returned home. Remember those loved ones – still waiting or now gone – when commemorating those brave American souls who were lost in far flung battles.

By PistolPete

Those "little pink pills" were actually little blue pills.

Dianabol has been around since 58, and athletes used them that far back-and before that they were using regular testosterone.

Drugs have been around over 50 years.

Dianabol,Danabol & Dynabol are one and the same. Don't ask me why there are a few different spellings. Pink pills or blue pills,it's all the same and I'll bet $$ to doughnuts that the '63 Chargeless didn't quit taking them. Yet nobody wants to discuss them cheating. Bring up Spygate though and there will be rabid Chargeless fans wanting to stick their 2 pennies in on that conversation. got double standard? got hypocrisy?

I think it's hilarious that those kunts on ESPN keep deleting my comments. Someone must be a Chargeless fan.

As a Packer fan and more importantly as an NFL fan,both the Raiders and Chargeless suck donkey nuts. I respect Raiders a hell of a lot more than I do Chargeless fans. It's a known FACT F-A-C-T fact,that Chargeless fan run & hide when the going gets tough. I have more respect for Detroit fans than I do Chargeless fans. Not only will not hear a bunch of wannabe gangsters talkin' $ like"Super Bowl Baby! and 19-0. " but you'll notice that even though they went 0-16 last year,they still supported their team. Why do Chargeless fans try and act like the rest of league respects them? They don't. I am 100% certain that come February,the Chargeless fans will have gotten all that Rah Rah Sis Boom Bah bull$ out of their systems. They'll do what they do every year-sit home and cry because the Sandy Eggo Super Chokers choked on that gigantic cock called pride once again. By March,the jerseys will join the moth balls yet again and I'll see a new set of"fans"talk $*** on YouTube.

ROTFLMMFAO @ Spliff doing his Amazing Kreskin impression. I was born and bred to be a Bears fan. I was a Bears fan from birth till I was 12. Then I quit supporting the Bears and watching football altogether. I'm an Army brat. 95% of my family either lives in the deep south,New England or Wisconsin. The other 5% are my nephew and sister still living in Chicago. When I was 15 the Falcons drafted a QB from the University of Southern Mississippi named Brett Lorenzo Favre. My cousin sent me some VHS tapes of Favre at USM. I knew the guy was going to be someone special. Watching those tapes re-ignited the little boy in me so I started keeping my eye on him.

At the time I was living with my uncle in Chippewa Falls,WI above his bar. Sundays came and I was there watching football. Until my cousin sent me those tapes,I was chasing muff around the community pool and looking for part-time work. My uncle explained a little history of the family's torrid love affair with the Bears,Packers and Viqueens. My parent's were born and raised in Wisconsin and are Bears fans. They hate the Packers. My sister(who along with myself)was born and raised in Chicago). She,along with her BF are Bears fans. My Nephew who is 14 is your classic pre-pubescent bandwagoner. He supports whoever is this season's flavor. My uncle Butch was born and raised in Wisconsin along with my mother and their brother Pete. He's a Bears/Packers fan. He loves the old Bears like Payton,The Fridge,McMahon and Butkus. My uncle Pete who explained this all to me is a ViQueens fan because he was living in the Twin Cities during the Purple People Eater era.

I started to embrace the Packers when they traded for Favre. I jumped on the Favre/Packers bandwagon in 1992. It's now 2009 and I'm still here. Am I a true bandwagoner in every sense of the word or am I just a guy who fell in love with a team that was a huge part of his family history. You can call me a bandwagoner if that floats your boat but one thing I'm not is a deserter like 90% of Sandy Eggo Chargeless fans. The die-hards I pity. The bandwagoners I laugh at.

And just for the record,as much as Favre is my idol and as long as he's alive,I'll never forget what he has done for my Packers and for the game,he's still just another player when he becomes a traitor to play for the 'Queens.

My loyalty lies like this:#1-NFL fan #2-Packer fan #3-Favre fan

As for your pathetic attempt at humor suggesting that the Raider Nation has more fans than Packer fans,link me to a site proving that. I KNOW I can back up my claims. Try again Spliff.

The Ohio State University Alumni Association

Instructions: Take great ideas, place them in the fertile environment of a world-class university, add innovation, support and entrepreneurial spirit. Crank them up. Let them run.

From a radio frequency generator that’s making our highways safer to a sustainable microbe inoculant system that helps farmers increase crop yields, the innovations of Ohio State researchers, students and alumni are a pivotal part of the state’s entrepreneurial ecosystem.

A record 19 startups spun out of university technology in fiscal 2018 — a boost rooted in the university’s expanded focus on commercialization and corporate engagement and a funding continuum that supports innovation from the idea stage all the way to major expansions.

The continuum starts with Accelerator Awards, jointly funded by the university and Ohio Development Services Agency to provide Ohio State researchers up to $100,000 to advance breakthrough technologies. At the other end of this spectrum, the university has invested in venture capital endeavors such as the Ohio Innovation Fund, which supports companies and provides expertise to help them grow.

The partnerships are ushering in a new generation of startups in the agricultural, medical device, cybersecurity and technology industries. Those firms, in turn, impact other businesses, society and the environment in dramatic ways.

“Our ability to commercialize technology has really taken off in the past eight to 10 years,” says Michael Papadakis, Ohio State’s chief financial officer. “A culture change has taken shape.”

Here seven startups offer examples of the recent activity.

Dean Zody ’86, ’96 M
Founder and CEO of GhostWave

Jane Fife ’97, ’03 PhD
Chief science officer of 3Bar Biologics

Peeyush Shrivastava
Founder of Genetesis

Jeff Schumann ’08
Co-founder of Aware

C. Emre Koksal
Developed DAtAnchor technology

Chris Crader
Founder of ALC Innovations

Andrea Beeks ’02
Director of customer integration at Innovate IP

Bill Baumel ’90
Managing director, Ohio Innovation Fund

Cheryl Turnbull
Senior director of new ventures, Ohio State Corporate Engagement Office

Learn more about Ohio State’s West Campus innovation district.


Based: ColumbusFounded: 2016Employees: 2

Dean Zody ’86, ’96 M is founder and CEO of GhostWave.

GhostWave is a radar company working to make driving safer. The company’s radar sensors aren’t as susceptible to interference as others on the market. With the growth of the self-driving car industry, more cars will need these sensors to help prevent crashes.

GhostWave was formed to commercialize Ohio State technology. The university licensed four radar patents to the company, and the Corporate Engagement Office helped with corporate governance documents. Ohio State also supported GhostWave when it applied for and received a state grant for commercializing institutional technology. The company has utilized Ohio State’s Center for Design and Manufacturing Excellence and the Electro Science Lab to adapt the size and frequency of radars for automotive applications. Dean Zody, founder and CEO, has an engineering degree and MBA from the university. “Ohio State has been a strong partner with GhostWave,” Zody says.

What challenge within your business are you trying to solve right now?

“We just received a contract from the Ohio Federal Research Network. Our proposal is for drone collision avoidance by using a sensor fusion of cameras and GhostWave radars. When the Federal Aviation Administration allows drones to fly beyond visible lines of site, they will need an onboard system to avoid accidents,” Zody says. “When conditions are foggy, cloudy or smoky, cameras alone are not good sensors. By implementing a state-of-the-art collision-avoidance system, we can solve the degraded visual environment problem. Our challenge is to get high performance while shrinking the radar in weight and power consumption. We don’t want to consume too much battery power on the drone.”

What’s next for your company?

“Health monitoring of honey bee hives with radar. Seriously!”

3Bar Biologics

Based: ColumbusFounded: 2013Employees: 11

Jane Fife ’97, ’03 PhD is chief science officer of 3Bar Biologics.

3Bar Biologics delivers a sustainable microbe inoculant system that helps farmers increase crop yields without having to change the way they plant. The microbes were discovered and isolated during a 15-year research process involving Ohio State scientists.

3Bar is the licensee of technology developed in the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences. The unique and beneficial microbes help crops grow and fight off stress and disease. The company works with the Corporate Engagement Office and several professors through the license. Founder Bruce Caldwell pursued MBA course work at Fisher College of Business, focusing on technology entrepreneurship, and says 3Bar is a direct outcome of that experience. Several team members are Ohio State alumni, too.

What challenge within your business are you trying to solve right now?

“The challenge with biologicals has always been how to deliver them to the farm in a viable form,” says Jane Fife, chief science officer. “3Bar is solving this problem by providing farmers an easy-to-use delivery system to grow their own microbes on-site. By delivering 100 percent viable microbes with the seed at planting, we’re seeing better, more consistent results in the field. The initial reception from corn and soybean farmers has been strong, but there’s still a lot of skepticism about these ‘bugs-in-a-jug.’ Educating farmers about biologicals remains a huge challenge because this is new technology.”

What’s next for your company?

“We’re working to get more microbial products commercialized and in the hands of farmers,” Caldwell says. “Helping farmers reduce dependence on chemical fertilizers and pesticides with microbes is 3Bar’s mission.”


Based: Mason, OhioFounded: 2013Employees: 26

Peeyush Shrivastava started Genetesis his first semester at Ohio State.

The biomagnetic solutions Genetesis creates help health care providers determine whether a patient’s chest pain is cardiac in nature. It makes the CardioFlux Magnetocardiograph, a noninvasive system that requires no patient exposure to radiation or exercise during the procedure.

Peeyush Shrivastava started Genetesis during his first semester as a biomedical science major at Ohio State. Joining him the following year was Manny Setegn, a computer science, engineering and economics major. “We began as a dorm room startup, spending a lot of time by whiteboards at Lincoln Tower and the following year at Park-Stradley Hall,” Shrivastava says.

Ohio Innovation Fund connection:

Shrivastava and his co-founders connected with the fund in late 2017, not long after CincyTech led the company’s seed financing round. “Bill [Baumel] instantly understood the transformative capabilities of our team and business, but also the risks,” Shrivastava says. “He connected us with people who could help us map out those risks into operational strategies.”

What challenge within your business are you trying to solve right now?

“As we transfer over CardioFlux to low-volume production, there are engineering, quality and regulatory processes we want to have well established,” Shrivastava says. “These processes will help us successfully scale the business and maintain a healthy product-development culture. These processes take time, focus and capital to develop.”

What’s next for your company?

“We’re in the process of commercializing our CardioFlux technology. Throughout 2019, we expect to install nearly a dozen CardioFlux systems spanning rural and urban health centers.”


Based: ColumbusFounded: 2017Employees: 37

Aware makes a software platform of the same name. It helps companies monitor how employees are using social enterprise networks such as Slack, Yammer and Workplace by Facebook to protect against harassment, exclusion and comparable issues. It also provides a social graph showing who is interacting with whom and with what positive or negative sentiment.

Jeff Schumann ’08 co-founded the business, which recruits Ohio State students to serve as interns across its product, marketing, engineering, sales and operations divisions. Many interns have become full-time employees. Aware also supports events on campus such as the annual HackOHI/O hackathon, for which it provides judges and mentors.

Ohio Innovation Fund connection:

The fund led a $12 million financing round and has a member on Aware’s board of directors. By serving as “awesome advisors, mentors and champions,” it also is helping to position the company for the future, Schumann says.

What challenge within your business are you trying to solve right now?

“As a growing startup that services international customers, one of the biggest challenges we face is establishing a presence in our potential markets,” Schumann says. “Typical startup constraints force us to think outside the box and get creative with our approach, which includes hiring wicked-smart students who challenge our thinking and come up with ingenious ways to tackle these opportunities.”

“One thing we’re working on that I’m most excited about is a set of new artificial intelligence-enabled features that will help our customers understand the collective mindset of their employees in real time,” Schumann says. “This new view into employees will forever positively change how businesses operate around the world.”

DAtAnchor Inc.

Based: ColumbusFounded: 2018Employees: 8, plus 2 interns

​Faculty member C. Emre Koksal developed the DAtAnchor technology​.

DAtAnchor provides an alternative to traditional data security measures. Its technology effectively “anchors” a client’s information to one location, allowing for better security and making it harder to compromise.

Designed by C. Emre Koksal, a professor of electrical and computer engineering, the technology was first implemented by his former graduate student Hari Indukuri ’17 MS. The technology earned an Accelerator Award and is now licensed to DAtAnchor, a startup Koksal founded.

Ohio Innovation Fund connection:

The fund is one of the company’s main investors and worked with it to build the business case and bring in Michael Hughes, former senior VP of Barracuda Networks, as a board member. The technology is owned by the Ohio State Innovation Foundation and licensed to DAtAnchor.

What challenge within your business are you trying to solve right now?

“The businesses with compliance constraints have different mechanisms to integrate a new product,” Koksal says. “In most cases, the people who will benefit from DAtAnchor — the employees who consume the data — are different from the decision maker in IT who would purchase it.”

“DAtAnchor is about to be integrated into businesses that consume sensitive data, which they are obliged to keep secure for compliance purposes,” Koksal says. “The main industries where there’s a natural fit include law, health care and finance. Our objective is to make DAtAnchor the ubiquitous solution in data security.”

ALC Innovations

Based: ColumbusFounded: 2016Employees: 2

Chris Crader turned to Ohio State to perfect ALC Innovations’ cleaning product.

ALC Innovations makes an all-natural, plant-based cleaning product for restaurants and bars. Founder Chris Crader conceived the idea after spending 10 years working in the industry as a bartender and restaurant manager before launching Grow Restaurants Inc., the company behind Harvest Pizzeria, The Sycamore and Cosecha Cocina.

Crader came up with the idea in 2011, but put it on the back burner while he built his restaurant company. By 2016, he had a formula that was 95 percent complete, but felt it needed to be perfect. “So we approached the chemistry department at Ohio State,” he says, and met with instructional lab supervisor Christopher Callam and chemist Brent Sauner. After a few months and a dozen or so iterations, the formula hit Crader’s mark. “We negotiated the university’s position to be one of equity rather than royalty or license-based.” After completing the formula, ALC Innovations and the Corporate Engagement Office built a roadmap to commercialize the product within the university and the private sector. Crader’s business partner is Andy Robinson ’94.

What challenge within your business are you trying to solve right now?

“A food- and human-safe cleaner and polisher was crucial for the hospitality industry,” Crader says. “We wanted to be able to do everything from removing lipstick from glassware to cleaning tables and windows without introducing harsh chemicals or odors that would disrupt your dining experience. From a larger perspective, we hope to rid workplaces, schools and restaurants of ammonia and other toxic substances.”

What’s next for your company?

“While trying to sell to as many restaurants as possible, we’re also working on an antiviral version that can safely kill nearly all bad bacteria and viruses.”


Based: ColumbusFounded: 2017Employees: 5

Andrea Beeks ’02​​ is Innovate IP’s director of customer integration.

Innovate IP is a web-based enterprise platform for an organized and effective technology transfer operation. The business was developed within the Corporate Engagement Office, where it’s been used since 2011.

The first version of Innovate IP’s code was created within the university and inspired by the experiences of Corporate Engagement Office leaders Mike Coutinho and Andrea Beeks ’02, says CEO Jim Bratton. “Ohio State is our first customer and has been a great partner, providing feedback as we roll out new features. As we grow, Ohio State will continue to be a part of our success as the licensor of our original source code and an equity holder in the company,” Bratton says. “Our founders were frustrated with inadequacies of multiple software platforms used to manage licensing practices and decided to do something about it. Working with colleagues to map out the business processes and job tasks within the office, they developed a web-based platform for managing the intellectual property asset value chain.”

What challenge within your business are you trying to solve right now?

“We have had remarkable success with our early adopters. They have been incredibly supportive and have provided invaluable feedback on their experience using our platform,” says Beeks, director of customer integration. “The challenge is to grow and scale while maintaining the close relationship with each of those customers and for those planning on migrating to our platform.

What’s next for your company?

“We’re focused on building out our customer base among U.S. research universities and will expand out to federal and nonprofit labs soon,” Bratton says. “There’s also significant demand in Europe and Asia. Long term, our platform is applicable to corporate innovators and companies that work along the innovation value chain.”

Meet Bill Baumel ’90

Bill Baumel ’90
Managing Director,
Ohio Innovation Fund

Photo courtesy of Bill Baumel

Before Bill Baumel was recruited to launch the Ohio Innovation Fund, in which Ohio State is a founding partner, he spent 20 years as a venture capitalist in Silicon Valley. A 1990 graduate of Fisher College of Business, Baumel returned to Columbus in 2016 and is leveraging his experience to build high-growth companies in next-generation industries. He, his wife and six sons live in Dublin, where he coaches junior high basketball and baseball.

What brought you back to Ohio?

I grew up in Cincinnati, went to Ohio State and came back yearly to keep tabs on the startup community. I saw a strong expansion in the level of startup activity and noticed the quality. I saw a lot of seed and angel-stage investing, but not a lot of larger venture investing. There’s a big gap there, and that’s what Ohio State saw, too.

What are you seeing in terms of the entrepreneurship of students and faculty?

There’s been a dramatic change. We’re seeing more students who want to do something creative and innovative that will have a high impact. I’m on the Accelerator Awards committee in the university’s Corporate Engagement Office. A couple years ago, you’d see a few deals each quarter. Now we’re seeing 10 high-quality deals a quarter and have a tough time deciding which companies to choose.

What should other alumni know about this work?

We are creating successful startups in Ohio. A majority of them are doubling revenue year over year. Fortune 500 companies are their customers major universities are, too. They’re attracting strategic partners and investors — Microsoft, Sanofi, Dell, Facebook. I’d encourage alumni interested in entrepreneurship or technology to look at our companies and see if they could provide value as advisors.

Where is this work heading?

We’re helping to fund the next wave of medical technologies, cybersecurity, data science, artificial intelligence right here in Ohio. The result is alumni don’t have to leave after graduation to be a part of an exciting, high-growth company.

Meet Cheryl Turnbull

Cheryl Turnbull
Senior Director of New Ventures,
Ohio State Corporate Engagement Office

Photo courtesy of Cheryl Turnbull

For 20 years, Cheryl Turnbull has helped inventors, entrepreneurs and venture capitalists come together to build companies that have changed the world. After a career in private finance, she joined Ohio State six years ago to manage the equity portfolio of startup companies that bring university intellectual property to market. She lives in Upper Arlington with her husband and five children enjoys following Ohio State and professional basketball.

As of late April, the university had 88 active startups. Tell us about some of the most disruptive and interesting technologies seen.

Aether Therapeutics is combating neonatal abstinence syndrome. It allows addicted mothers to not pass the addiction on to unborn babies. If they’re successful, that’s a big impact. Another started off as a sketch on a piece of paper. Simple-Fill is in the compressed natural gas space and will change the way vehicles are fueled and be more environmentally friendly. Research and science that comes out of Ohio State has such a positive social impact and the potential to change people’s lives. That’s what is so inspiring about all of this.

What major milestones has the Corporate Engagement Office experienced over the past few years?

We had a record number of invention disclosures last year, and hopefully our office’s emphasis on increasing our accessibility helped with that. We also spun out a record 19 new startups last fiscal year. More and more experienced entrepreneurs are raising their hands to help lead these companies.

How are Ohio State alumni affecting the startup community?

They are fabulous — one of our strongest assets — and we hope to get more of them involved. We have a number of alums who are founders and startup leaders, but we’re also looking to throw out a much larger net to engage alumni to help advise startups.

Innovation district will spawn big, bright ideas

Ohio State is creating space on West Campus for the synergy that leads to startups.

The Interdisciplinary Research Facility and Energy Advancement and Innovation Building will co-anchor an innovation district along Kenny Road south of Lane Avenue. The area also will accommodate the Wexner Medical Center West Campus Ambulatory Center, planned in partnership with Nationwide Children’s Hospital and slated to include central Ohio’s first proton therapy treatment facility, and potentially future development.

“The innovation district will build on Ohio State’s tradition as a hub for all stages of discovery — from the very inception of an idea to applications that improve the daily lives of people around the world,” says Provost Bruce McPheron ’76. “This district is a manifestation of the university’s mission to conduct research and bring it to society to solve problems and create new products.”

Two essential elements of the district, McPheron notes, are a strong emphasis on interdisciplinary work and engagement within the university community as well as with the private sector.

The research facility will house some 270,000 square feet of wet, computation and core labs, a vivarium and support spaces. The Energy Advancement Center will provide space for faculty, students, alumni, ENGIE North America researchers, entrepreneurs and industry experts to work on the next generation of smart energy systems, renewable energy and green mobility solutions. The center is a cornerstone of the university’s public-private partnership with Ohio State Energy Partners, which committed $50 million for the project.

“From my time as a student to my role now as provost, I have seen how Ohio State acts as a force multiplier by connecting people and ideas from various disciplines and backgrounds,” McPheron says. “This innovation district is yet another step in that ongoing process at Ohio State.”

Design of the three facilities is under way, and completion is targeted for late 2022. Framework 2.0, the university’s long-term planning vision, identified West Campus for the innovation district, which could take decades to fully develop.

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[Conflict] OPLAN 5027 - Rome was destroyed, Greece was destroyed, Persia was destroyed, Spain was destroyed. All great countries are destroyed. Why not yours? How much longer do you think your country will last? Forever?

With the invasion of the South and the recent revelation uncovered by US intelligence that the DPRK nuclear program is restarting, President Hyun has activated all martial forces of the Republic Armed Forces and all Reserve Forces to execute OPLAN 5027-09 otherwise known as the “Annihilation Directive” The latest operational plan amended by the Hyun administration to fend off an invasion and completely neutralize the DPRK armed forces for the foreseeable future. Every resource will be marshalled to deter this existential threat.


Prevent DPRK forces from securing ROK sovereign territory

Destroy DPRK Missile and Nuclear via a robust air bombing campaign

Destroy DPRK manufacturing infrastructure

Kill DPRK High Value Targets ( Including but not limited to DPRK governmental leaders, Nuclear and Missile scientists, and Military commanders)

Secure ROK maritime territory to prevent naval incursions into ROK land territory

Destroy DPRK farmland and rations centers to elicit greater food insecurity and domestic instability

2031 ROK Armed Forces

StatusArmyNavyAirforceMarinesSpecial Operation ForcesCommand and Support ForcesTOTAL
Mobilization Reserve Forces1,525,5004,500 1,530,000
Homeland Reserve Forces (NOT FRONTLINE)2,970,000 2,970,000


Under OPLAN 5027, the structure of grouped forces will be amended in the following way: Mobilization reserve forces will be integrated into active army units and serve on the frontline in defense of the Republic.


K1ACarbineStandard Issue Carbine
K2Assault RifleStandard Issue Rifle
K3LMGStandard Issue LMG
K4Automatic Grenade LauncherStandard Issue
K5PistolStandard Issue
K7Silenced SMGStandard Issue
K12MGStandard Issue
K14Sniper RifleStandard Issue
USP-9PistolSpecial Forces
MP5SMGSpecial Forces
SSG 69Sniper RifleSpecial Forces
HK416Assault RifleSpecial Forces
M4CarbineSpecial Forces
K1Military GradeStandard Issue Gas Mask
K2 Black Panther TankMBT2000
M113APC400 (reserve)
K216NBC Recon200
K221Smoke Generating Vehicle200
K255Ammunition Resupply Vehicle200
K277Command Post Vehicle200
KW18x8 Wheeled APC1900
KM9014x4 Wheeled APC482
K1514x4 Armored Car4000
KM9 ACEEarthmover207
KeilerMine Clearing Vehicle1
RhinoMine Clearing Vehicle3
Mine Breaker 2000Mine Clearing Vehicle1
Mk4Mine Clearing Vehicle2
K131 (VARIANTS)Utility7,866
K311 (VARIANTS)Utility13,170
K511 (VARIANTS)Utility18,972
K711 (VARIANTS)Utility10,563
HEMTT A4MLRS Resupply58
K532Mortar Carrier250
K533Electronic Warfare125
K534Signals Vehicle125
L-SAM VehicleMissile Vehicle200
K-SAM VehicleMissile Vehicle200
M-SAM TEL VehicleMissile Vehicle50
PAC-3 VehicleMissile Vehicle200
K-18160mm Mortar2,100
KM30107mm Mortar1,840
KM101A1105mm Howitzer1,988
M114155mm Howitzer988
KH179155mm Howitzer860
K55A1155mm SPH1,040
K9155mm SPH2150
K105HT105mm SPH800
KM167A320mm AAG1000
MIM-104 PatriotABM/SAM8 batteries
MIM-104 Patriot MissilesABM/SAM800
MIM-23 HawkSAM24
KM-SAMABM/SAM10 batteries
AGM-114 Missile (Hellfire)ASM500
PIP MissileM-SAM TEL250
Bell Helicopter UH-1Utility Transport129
Sikorsky Aircraft UH-60Utility Transport112
Boeing CH-47 ChinookHeavy Transport32
KAI KUH-1 SurionUtility Transport76
MD Helicopters MD-500MDLight Attack257
Bell Helicopter AH-1 CobraAttack57
Messerschmitt Bo 105Light Attack12
AH-64 ApacheAttack41


KA200 ArtillerySpecifications
Effective Firing Range105 miles
Elevation50 degrees, adjustable
Length26 meters
Muzzle Velocity2,600 meters per second
Rate of Fire.2 RPM
Traverse100 degrees​


The objective of ground forces are to safeguard the Republic’s sovereign territory. This will be accomplished by the three main field armies deployed to the Northern border. The Republic has been operating on a heightened alert since the death of Kim Ju-ae so the reserve mobilization forces were ordered to stay in country until the alert was lowered. They mobilized fairly quickly and integrated themselves into active duty units to bolster field army numbers north of the country.

Each field army is meant to be mobile and under the direction of an Army Group General. The Army Group General is responsible for ensuring that the field armies under his command work effectively together to deter DPRK incursions by their ground forces. The ground forces are supported by artillery and tank groups which are tasked with degrading and eliminating the tank, artillery , and ground forces of the DPRK. Additionally, each army group has a mobile SAM network of 40 K-SAM and 50 L-SAM units to protect them from air missiles from 40 to 60 kilometers. The threat of missiles is expected to be largely neutralized via the air strategy of OPLAN 5027, please see below.

In addition to detering ground forces, ROK ground forces are tasked with utilizing the KA2000 static constructions which are buried in concrete to attack advancing DPRK forces. The constructions will be housed with machine guns and protected by mobile SAMS to lengthen their lifespan. Additionally, the army groups are ordered to operate the immobile 220 mm KA200 super-heavy howitzer artillery gun during operations. This artillery gun, known as the Pyongyang gun is a ten billion project that is the longest ranging howitzer ever created with a range of 105 miles. It will be used to strike areas in Pyongyang as DPRK forces try to continue their operation. While they strike our capital with artillery, their capital will also be under fire by these guns. They will also be protected by L-SAM missiles.

The goal of the Army groups is not to seize any territory as the DPRK houses nothing valuable, but to ensure that the there is no invasion of the Republic. There will be no need to go up to the Yalu or even Pyongyang unless our US allies deem it necessary. This war will be fought to the death on the 38th parallel and ROK ground forces are confident in their abilities to succeed with superior technology and the will to defend the freedom their predecessors fought for 83 years ago. Please view map to see placement of Ground Forces.

President Hyun has granted authority to USFK to dictate or control any of the Army groups to guarantee that this war is won and awaits for additional US forces to arrive to bring the DPRK to its knees.


ROKS DokdoDokdo-class LPH
ROKS MaradoDokdo-class LPH
ROKS GapaDokdo-class LPH
ROKS JejuDokdo-class LPH
ROKS Go Jun BongGo Jun Bong-class LST
ROKS Bi Ro BongGo Jun Bong-class LST
ROKS Hyang Ro BongGo Jun Bong-class LST
ROKS Sung In BongGo Jun Bong-class LST
ROKS Cheon Wang BongCheon Wang Bong-class LST
ROKS Cheon Ja BongCheon Wang Bong-class LST
ROKS Il Chul BongCheon Wang Bong-class LST
ROKS No Jeok BongCheon Wang Bong-class LST
ROKS Gwanggaeto the GreatGwanggaeto the Great class destroyer
ROKS Eulji MundeokGwanggaeto the Great class destroyer
ROKS Yang ManchunGwanggaeto the Great class destroyer
ROKS Yi Sun-sinChungmugong Yi Sun-shin class destroyer
ROKS Munmu the GreatChungmugong Yi Sun-shin class destroyer
ROKS Dae Jo-yeongChungmugong Yi Sun-shin class destroyer
ROKS Wang GeonChungmugong Yi Sun-shin class destroyer
ROKS Gang Gam-chanChungmugong Yi Sun-shin class destroyer
ROKS Choe YeongChungmugong Yi Sun-shin class destroyer
ROKS Sejong the GreatSejong the Great class destroyer
ROKS Yulgok Yi ISejong the Great class destroyer
ROKS Seoae Ryu Seong-ryongSejong the Great class destroyer
ROKS TaejoSejong the Great class destroyer
ROKS TaejongSejong the Great class destroyer
ROKS JeongjoSejong the Great class destroyer
ROKS Yeong ChinwangSejong the Great class destroyer
ROKS SunjongSejong the Great class destroyer
ROKS ChungnamUlsan class frigate
ROKS MasanUlsan class frigate
ROKS KyeongbukUlsan class frigate
ROKS JeonnamUlsan class frigate
ROKS JejuUlsan class frigate
ROKS BusanUlsan class frigate
ROKS CheongjuUlsan class frigate
ROKS IncheonIncheon class frigate
ROKS GyeonggiIncheon class frigate
ROKS JeonbukIncheon class frigate
ROKS GangwonIncheon class frigate
ROKS ChungbukIncheon class frigate
ROKS GwangjuIncheon class frigate
ROKS DaeguDaegu class frigate
ROKS SeoulDaegu class frigate
ROKS BusanDaegu class frigate
ROKS IncheonDaegu class frigate
ROKS DaujeonDaegu class frigate
ROKS GwangjuDaegu class frigate
ROKS SuwonDaegu class frigate
ROKS UlsanDaegu class frigate
ROKS ChangwonDaegu class frigate
ROKS SeongnamDaegu class frigate
ROKS YonginDaegu class frigate
ROKS YeosuPohang class corvette
ROKS JinhaePohang class corvette
ROKS SuncheonPohang class corvette
ROKS IksanPohang class corvette
ROKS WonjuPohang class corvette
ROKS AndongPohang class corvette
ROKS BucheonPohang class corvette
ROKS SeongnamPohang class corvette
ROKS JecheonPohang class corvette
ROKS DaecheonPohang class corvette
ROKS SokchoPohang class corvette
ROKS YeongjuPohang class corvette
ROKS NamwonPohang class corvette
ROKS GwangmyeongPohang class corvette
ROKS SinseongPohang class corvette
ROKS GongjuPohang class corvette
ROKS Chang BogoChang Bogo class submarine
ROKS Lee ChunChang Bogo class submarine
ROKS Choi MuseonChang Bogo class submarine
ROKS Park WiChang Bogo class submarine
ROKS Lee JongmuChang Bogo class submarine
ROKS Jeong UnChang Bogo class submarine
ROKS Lee SunsinChang Bogo class submarine
ROKS Na DaeyongChang Bogo class submarine
ROKS Lee EokgiChang Bogo class submarine
ROKS Ban Ki-MoonChang Bogo class submarine
ROKS MacArthurChang Bogo class submarine
ROKS Hyun Yeon-SilChang Bogo class submarine
ROKS Son Won-ilSon Wonil class submarine
ROKS Jeong JiSon Wonil class submarine
ROKS An Jung-geunSon Wonil class submarine
ROKS Kim Jwa-JinSon Wonil class submarine
ROKS Yun Bong-gilSon Wonil class submarine
ROKS Yu GwansunSon Wonil class submarine
ROKS Hong Beom-doSon Wonil class submarine
ROKS Lee Beom-seokSon Wonil class submarine
ROKS Shin Dol-seokSon Wonil class submarine
ROKS WonsanWonsan class MLS
ROKS NampoNampo class MLS
ROKS GanggyeongGanggyeong class minehunter (coastal)
ROKS GangjinGanggyeong class minehunter (coastal)
ROKS GoryeongGanggyeong class minehunter (coastal)
ROKS GimpoGanggyeong class minehunter (coastal)
ROKS GochangGanggyeong class minehunter (coastal)
ROKS KumhwaGanggyeong class minehunter (coastal)
ROKS YangyangYangyang class minesweeper hunter
ROKS OngjinYangyang class minesweeper hunter
ROKS HaenamYangyang class minesweeper hunter
Chamsuri-class patrol boatx52
Gumdoksuri-class patrol boatx23


ShapeMC, MB, MI are spherical. MR is cylindrical
SizeMC: .8 meter diameter, MB & MI: 1.9 meter diameter, MR: .2 meter radius, 1 meter length
PayloadMC: High explosive yielding direct damage, MB & MI: High explosive yielding a shock effect, MR: High explosive yielding direct damage
Depth RangeMC & MI: .5-3 meters, depending on mooring, MB: 30-60 meters, MR: 60-80 meters

The Republic of Korea Aircraft/Ship-Laid Bottom Mine (Republic of Korea Naval Mine or RoKNM for short) is a naval mine. It has four variants: Contact Mine (MC) Influence Mine (MI) Bottom Mine (MB) Rising Mine (MR) The MC, usually a below-sea drifting mine, explodes when it comes into contact with a ship. The MI uses magnetic/seismic/pressure target detection devices and is a below-sea drifting mine which will be effective against the old model sub the DPRK uses for infiltrations or naval operations. The MB is a MI that drifts 30-60 meters under the sea freely. The MR uses magnetic/seismic/pressure target detection devices to detect when a ship is above or close, and then deploys its payload, which uses small thrusters to begin moving towards the target at a very high speed.

The MI and MB use shock effect. The shock wave created by their massive payloads resonates through a ship with enough force to make hundreds of small leaks, devastating the ship. All mines are inactive when deployed, and become active, normal mines when a certain signal is received. They render themselves inert after 5 years. All four of these mines were operational once the the military went on high alert. They are placed in the northwest maritime border of the republic, along the NLL (Northern Limit Line) Demarcation and surrounding the approach to Incheon Island. providing a robust barrier against all DPRK attempts to launch a sea incursion.

NAVAL OPERATIONAL DOCTRINE The Navy’s mission is simple, prevent sea incursions into the ROK by destroying DPRK naval assets and supporting all Island operations if need be. The Republic has 1,061,964 people living on Islands. The ROK does not envision that the DPRK would deploy considerable assets to capture the Islands, especially with the mines in operation, but will still have submarines and frigates patrol the Islands around the clock in case.

All ships will be in operation. Patrol boats and Corvettes will be tasked with patrolling the waters 24/7 and will get help from air force assets. The ROKN will maintain this defensive and observatory posture unless a force landing operation is agreed upon with US forces for the war or any other matter the US sees fit.

All submarines will be given the directive to hunt and kill any DPRK subs that enter their AO. Submarines will operate within the ROK EEZ and are allowed to fire into DPRK territory if a visual is acquired.

80% of all naval assets will be based on the Western coast of the ROK and 4 Sejong the Great and Ulsan Class frigates will protect Inchon on a 24/7 basis. Incheon represents a primary landing point for allied forces and is envisioned to be one of the most secured areas for the ROK. All other Naval ships will patrol the ROK EEZ and be granted the leeway to fire on any DPRK naval assets they see fit. They will also be granted permission to support any US Naval or Japanese operations if need be.

The remaining 20% of naval assets will operate in the east sea and share all necessary intelligence with Japanese and US naval intelligence. They will also be granted permission to conduct joint naval operations.

Three Dokdo class landing ships will be activated and docked on Deokjeokdo Island. They will carry 1 additional brigade of the Special Operations Forces (750 Soldiers in 2 ship and 500 Soldiers in 1) who will be a quick reaction force (QRF) that will deploy to any islands needing additional reinforcements. Please view the map to see mine placement and naval asset placement.


KAI T-50light multirole300
KAI FA-50multirole12
Boeing 737 AEW&Cearly warning and control4
CASA CN-235transport18
C-130tactical airlift12
C-130J Super Hercules4
Bell 412utility3
MD 500scout/light attack25
KAI T-50LIFT trainer85
F-5Fconversion trainer36
RQ-4surveillance UAV6
RQ-9surveillance and attack UAV20


ROKAF represents the arbiter of doom for the DPRK. It is through the air that the OPLAN 5027 exhibits its lethality. With the Republic on heightened alert, air assets were ordered to launch drone operations to monitor land and naval movements of DPRK forces as well as ensuring that all assets were fueled for rapid deployment. The air force represents the quick counter punch to any DPRK invasion and under the OPLAN, they bear a substantial amount of responsibility for degrading and destroying the DPRK’s ability to wage war.

Operational doctrine dictates that all ROKAF assets be placed in one of into two wing battle groups with entirely different missions. The first wing group will be known as the Hell (jiog) Group and the second wing group shall be known as the Heaven (cheongug) Group.

The Hell group will be the smaller, more lethal wing battle group in charge of completing phase missions. These missions will be elaborated on in the table below. Phase missions are crucial missions that need to be executed in order to establish operational benchmarks such as establishing air superiority and the destruction of crucial DPRK infrastructure and resources.

The Heaven group is the larger of the two wing battle groups and is in charge of supporting the missions of other branches and acting as the main fighter group against DPRK air assets.

Once the Hell group completes its phase missions, it will be integrated into the heaven good for greater combat support of all other branches.

Allocation of air assets into their placed group and an elaboration of the group missions are located in the tables below.

Heaven and Hell Group Designation
NameTypeHell GroupHeaven GroupTotal Number
KAI T-50light multirole100200300
KAI FA-50multirole8412
Boeing 737 AEW&Cearly warning and control224
CASA CN-235transport01818
C-130tactical airlift4812
C-130J Super HerculesTactical Airlift134
Bell 412utility033
MD 500scout/light attack151025
KAI T-50LIFT trainer085 (Reserve)85
F-5Fconversion trainer036 (Reserve)36
RQ-4surveillance UAV336
RQ-9surveillance and attack UAV812
Total Assets 381686 (121 in reserve)
Mission PhasesObjectivesUnits In ActionCondition that must be met
Alpha 0Initial invasion phase. Fight off DPRK air assets with Heaven group assets and launch strike operations against artillery located close to DMZ. All fourth and fifth generation fighters will be committed to the dogfightKAI T-50, KAI FA-50, F16C, F-35A, F-15K, MQ9Air superiority established in ROK and southern DPRK
Sierra 1Stealth Strike Mission. Target Nuclear and Missile FacilitiesF-35ATargeted Nuclear and Missile facilities degraded or destroyed
India 2Strike Mission. Target undefended Arable farmland and defended grain depotsF-35A, KAI T-50, F-15KArable farmland is unusable eliciting food insecurity
Bravo 3Strike Mission. Target Air bases and known SAM sites to neutralize remaining DPRK air assets.KAI T-50, KAI FA-50, F16C, F-35A, F-15K, MQ9DPRK airforce mostly neutralized
Echo 4Strike Mission. Target DPRK surface ships on western coastF16C, F-35A, F-15K, KAI T-50DPRK Surface fleet is mostly neutralized
Zulu 5Stealth Strike Mission. Target newly discovered Nuclear and Missile Facilities, as well as grain depotsF-35ATargeted facilities are degraded or destroyed
Romeo 6Overt Strike Mission. Bomb Pyongyang indiscriminatelyKAI T-50, KAI FA-50, F16C, F-35A, F-15K, MQ9DPRK elites understand that they are very vulnerable to death

There are four main objectives for the Heaven group. They are monitoring, supporting, fighting, and striking. Articulation of these objectives are below,

Heaven Group ActivityDescriptionAssets Utilized
MonitoringAir assets are tasked with monitoring ground and maritime DPRK movementRQ-4,RQ-9, Boeing 737
SupportingAir assets are tasked with supporting ground operations of the 3 army groups fending off the initial invasionKAI T-50, F-5E, F-15K, F-4E, F-16C
FightingAir assets are tasked with initiating dogfights to neutralize DPRK air support for its ground operationsKAI T-50, KAI FA-50, F16C, F-35A, F-15K, F-5E, F-4E
StrikingAir assets are tasked with launching strikes on critical infrastructure that support DPRK ground operationsKAI T-50, KAI FA-50, F16C, F-35A, F-15K​

Heaven and Hell group activity can be modified or strengthened with the contribution of US air assets if that directive is chosen. Once again USFK has authority to modify the directives of the Heaven or Hell group to ensure victory.

Hell Group’s target list is detailed below. Please note that additional targets will be added when proper intelligence is acquired.

Mission PhasesAlpha 0Sierra 1India 2Bravo 3Echo 4Zulu 5Romeo 6
Target List (First Hyperlink or imgur link each is source)DPRK Air assets. Artillery sitesHaegumgang Uranium DepositSouth Hwanghae ProvinceTaetan AirfieldN/A. Any ships operating close to ROK EEZ waters. No intelligence at this time.Sinpo South Naval ShipyardPyongyang
Sunch'on Surface-to-Air Missile FactoryKumchon Uranium MineSouth Pyongan ProvinceNuchon-ni Airfield Komdŏk-san Missile Base
Hwangsan January Industrial Mine Hyon-ni Airfield Chunggang-up Missile Base
Sunch'on Uranium Mine Kuum-ni Airfield Kalgol-dong Scud Missile Base
Hungnam Uranium Mine Koksan Fighter Base Yongnim-up Missile Base
Pakch'on Uranium Mine Hwangju Headquarters (PRIORITY) Kilchu-kun Missile Base
Kujang Uranium Mine Kwail Fighter Base Mayang Island Missile Base
Yongbyon High-Explosive Test Site Onchon Fighter Base Sangnam-ri Missile Base
Taecheon 200MWe Nuclear Power Reactor Kowon Helicopter Base Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground
Atomic Energy Research Institute Sunchon Fighter Base Yŏngjŏ-ri Missile Base
Taecheon Underground Suspected Nuclear Facility Pukchɺng Fighter Base East Sea Light Electric Factory
Cheonmasan Uranium Milling Facility Kaechon Fighter Base Kim Ch➮k Iron and Steel Complex
Wiwon Uranium Deposit Tanch'on Honorable Soldiers Semiconductor Factory
Yeongjeo-ri Suspected Uranium Enrichment Facility
Geumho-Jigu Light Water Reactor Site
Hamheung University of Chemical Industry
T'ŏ'gol Missile Base
Haeju Semicondictor Factory
Chiha-ri Missile Base
Kumcheon Scud Missile Base
Okp'yŏng-dong Missile Base
Wonsan Missile Base
Namp'o Unidentified Missile-Related Factory
Kum Song Tractor Factory
Hwajin-ri Missile Base
Mt. Ganggamchan Missile Base
Paeg'un-dong Missile Base
Shin'o-ri Missile Base
P'yŏngsan-kun Cruise Missile Base
Shin'gye-kun Scud Missile Base
Sariwŏn Scud Missile Base
Map Sources

The target list was developed with the intent to degrade and destroy the DPRK’s ability to wage a sustained campaign against the ROK. Supply lines will also be affected due to planned strikes against arable farmland that produces the DPRK’s food source. The hope is that these strikes will elicit a food shortage that will further weaken the DPRK’s already food starved population and soldiers.

This constitutes the bulk of OPLAN 5027. It was created as a means to mount total war against the DPRK. This is just one of the operational strategies the DPRK will have to face. There are still countermeasures in place to execute and the United States is coming. It is truly sad that you will bring this peninsula to war over false claims. Whoever it was that orchestrated the death of Kim Ju-ae miscalculated badly, and will pay for it. The DPRK has proven itself to be an unforgivable actor and hence has forced the Republic’s hands. Our blood will spill, but it will be in defense of values worth fighting and dying for. Unification is dead, and with it, all hope for you and the people you've damned. When this is all over, and your wander in the wasteland you call your home, it is important that you remember this document. It was your death warrant.


После марша по Джорджии, генерал Уильям Шерман со своей армией повернул к Каролине [en] и 19 марта 1865 года взял Голдсборо (Северная Каролина). К тому времени армия генерал-лейтенанта Улисса Гранта уже девять месяцев держала в осаде Питерберг, являвшийся последней преградой на пути к Ричмонду, где свои силы собрал генерал Роберт Эдвард Ли. Окончание гражданской войны, наконец, стало возможным. 20 марта Грант пригласил президента Авраама Линкольна в свою штаб-квартиру [en] в Сити-Пойнте [en] , на реке Джеймс возле Ричмонда: «Не можете ли вы посетить Сити-Пойнт в течение дня или двух? Я бы очень хотел с вами повидаться, и я думаю, что отдых пойдёт вам на пользу» ΐ] Α] Β] . Линкольн немедленно согласился с этим предложением, чтобы одновременно расслабиться и лично ознакомиться с ходом ведения боевых действий, узнав о том, что Шерман только что завершил свой поход к морю ΐ] Α] Β] . 24 марта Линкольн вместе со своей женой Мэри Тодд и маленьким сыном Тэдом достиг Сити-Пойнта на пароходе «Королева реки» [en] , который встал на якорь на реке Джеймс ΐ] Α] Β] . Шерман, согласно своим мемуарам, в тот же момент, а именно вечером 27 марта, тоже прибыл к Гранту: «После того, как я пробыл с ним час или около того, [Грант] заметил, что президент недалеко [находится на Королеве реки]… и он предложил нам собраться и встретиться с ним» Γ] . Так как контр-адмирал Дэвид Портер, командующий флотом Союза на реке Джеймс [en] , также находился в Сити-Пойнте, он присоединился к остальным — 27 марта, а затем и 28 марта они собирались на пароходе ΐ] Β] .

Первая встреча, по словам Шермана, оставила впечатление «хорошей, долгой, общительной беседы» ΐ] . В своих мемуарах он ссылаясь на мальчишеское желание Линкольна услышать детали «нашего марша» Α] , вспоминал Δ] :

Я знаю, что после того как я покинул его, я был более чем когда-либо поражённым его доброй натурой, его глубоким сочувствием к страданиям всего народа, возникшим в результате войны, и марша неприятельской армии по Югу и тем, что его искреннее желание, казалось состояло в том, чтобы быстро прекратить войну, без кровопролитий или разрушений, и возвратить всех солдат обеих сторон по их домам. В словах его второго инаугурационного послания он казалось был «милосердием ко всем, злобой к никому» и, прежде всего, абсолютной верой в храбрость, мужественность и единство армий в бою. Когда он отдыхал или вслушивался, его ноги и руки казалось висели почти безжизненными, и лицо его было изнурённым и измождённым но как только он начал говорить, его лицо светлело, его высокая фигура как бы раскрывалась, и он представал сущим воплощением хорошего юмора и чувства товарищества. Последние слова, которые я запомнил, заключались в том, что он будет чувствовать себя лучше, когда я вернусь в Голдсборо. Мы расстались на мостике Королевы реки, около полудня 28 марта, и я больше его не видел. Из всех людей, которых я когда-либо встречал, он, казалось, обладал наибольшим величием в сочетании с добротой, чем кто-либо другой.

Во время второй встречи их разговор, хоть и распространялся на разные темы, всё же сводился к достижению мира. Письменные воспоминания о встречах оставили лишь Шерман и Портер, ввиду чего некоторые историки предполагали, что они преувеличивают стремление Линкольна к миру, по выражению Портера, «почти на любых условиях», чтобы оправдать последовавшие за этим довольно противоречивые и либеральные условия сдачи генерала Джозефа Джонстона ΐ] . Так, Портер позднее писал Ε] :

Я никогда не забуду ту встречу, в которой участвовал на борту Королевы реки. От принятых там решений зависело будет ли мир или продолжится война с сопутствующими ей ужасами. Эта встреча была отображена на прекрасной картине Мр. Хили, художника, избравшего в качестве сюжета для исторической картины именно этот разговор, от которого действительно зависело продлится ли война на год дольше. Один неосторожный шаг мог бы продлить её на неопределенный срок.

Великодушные намерения Линкольна можно увидеть в словах сформулированной за три недели до этого его второй инаугурационной речи [en] : «Не испытывая ни к кому злобы, с милосердием ко всем». После встречи, состоявшейся за неделю до конца войны и запечатлённой на картине «Миротворцы», Питерберг пал в ночь на 2 апреля после долгой осады. Следующим днём в город вошли Грант и Линкольн, несмотря на предупреждения о возможном наличии снайперов. По возвращении в штаб-квартиру в Сити-Пойнте Линкольн сказал Портеру: «Слава Богу, я дожил до этого. Мне кажется, что я видел страшный сон в течение этих четырех лет, и теперь кошмар ушел. Я хочу увидеть Ричмонд». Вместе они поплыли вверх по течению в незащищённую столицу Конфедерации, где 4 апреля, менее чем за две недели до своего убийства, Линкольн прошёлся по улицам, заполненными толпами освобождённых чернокожих американцев ΐ] Β] . Вернулся же он в Вашингтон (округ Колумбия) 9 апреля, в тот самый день, когда Ли от имени Конфедерации капитулировал при Аппоматтоксе [en] Β] .

Clay Travis and white supremacy… what could go wrong?

What started out as a sensible, albeit regrettable, decision wound up being blown up by a guy who loves doing that, especially if it marks ESPN.

When the Charlottesville protests erupted two weekends ago, ESPN executives — for better or worse — wondered if there might be an issue on their hands.

With Robert E. Lee suddenly back in the news, they feared Robert Lee, a young, new play-by-play announcer assigned to the Virginia-William & Mary game on opening weekend would show up in Twitter memes and posts on Web sites like Awful Announcing or Deadspin. They were worried that his big moment, even on a lightly watched game, might turn into a national joke.

According to an ESPN executive, who spoke on the condition of anonymity due to the sensitivity of the situation, ESPN asked Lee if he would be more comfortable calling another game but gave him the option to stay. Lee chose to switch assignments, and ESPN accommodated him.

This would never have been an issue at all, except for the fact that it was leaked to Clay Travis of Outkick the Coverage, who frequently critiques ESPN and has accused the company of having a liberal bias.

Travis wrote about it on his Web site Tuesday night and it exploded into a national story, with Travis appearing on Tucker Carlson’s Fox News program.

Mickey worried about some people behaving like dicks on social media, gave the announcer the choice to swap games, accommodated his rational decision (would you want to take the risk of being made a national punch line over something which you have no control?)… and wound up with some people behaving like dicks on social media anyway. Ain’t PC great?

UPDATE: This Will Leach piece is so smart. There are two essential points.

ESPN wasn’t being “politically correct.” They were just being corporate. The phrase “political correctness” has been morphed and twisted to the point of meaninglessness. The action that some mock as “political correctness” is less about “being political” and more about “not being a thoughtless rude jerk.” No reasonable person ever says, “I’m about to be politically correct,” unless they are purposely mocking the practice they have decided to use for their own rhetorical purposes. Here’s a way to think about what is inaccurately described as “political correctness:” Is what you are saying needlessly hurtful? Are you just saying it because you are resistant to change, or because you are resistant to understanding how someone different than you might see the world? Are you just saying it to get high-fives from people who choose to see the world just like you do? You are not being “politically incorrect.” You’re just being a jerk. Let’s not confuse the two.

It is worth noting that ESPN was not even trying to be “politically correct” in this sense. The decision-makers just thought, “How can we make sure we don’t get yelled at by our bosses because people might make fun of us on a Saturday afternoon?” The issue for ESPN here isn’t “political correctness.” It’s rabbit ears.

Clay Travis has clearly lost his mind. There has long been a school of thought that Clay Travis, who used to write about college football for Fox Sports but now mostly talks about globalist cucks and head lice, is actually a smart person who has decided that the way he can advance his personal brand is to try to become the Sean Hannity of sports and appeal to a select, but stubbornly, resolutely focused, sliver of the sports fan audience. As someone who has worked with Travis in the past, briefly at both Deadspin and Fox Sports 1, and found him mostly affable and effusive in person, let me humbly submit that if Travis’ “Sean Hannity of sports” schtick began as an act, the artist and performance have since merged into an unrecognizable singularity. He’s more Pepe the Frog than man now.

In a post on Outkick the Coverage that “broke” this “story” — please do not be distracted by the ads for Outkick the Coverage there might be some for Infowars-esque Outkick Super Male Vitality Drops by the time this is published — Travis breathlessly screams about “MSESPN!” and their desire to avoid “offending left wing idiots.” This is Travis’ game, of course, and he is surely doing a victory lap today, having uncovered the vast, left-wing ESPN agenda he has convinced himself to be real. But let’s not forget that he’s the one who did the framing on this. What Travis believes to be a liberal conspiracy, a normal person might see as “a big corporation not really understanding social media well and doing something stupid they mistakenly thought would remain privately stupid, as a result.” Turning this into a political issue benefits Travis — it gets him on Breitbart and allows him to beg Skip Bayless to have him on his show — but is not actually what is so funny and ridiculous about this. Travis has invested so much of his personal and professional capital in “guy who tells the TRUTH about the liberal media AGENDA” that it’s all he can see. He’s a hammer who thinks the whole world is a nail, the lone truth teller in a world full of cucks. Sign up for VIP Membership. Get a Free T-Shirt!

ESPN is guilty of nothing more than ineptness. Clay Travis is a consummate asshole. If you can’t see the difference, that’s on you.

Watch the video: Lincoln and Grant meet at City Point (August 2022).