Archaeologists unearth a 6,500-year-old wooden paddle

Archaeologists unearth a 6,500-year-old wooden paddle

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Archaeologists investigating a site in Northern England have discovered a prehistoric wetland which was a hive of human activity at least 6,500 years ago during the Neolithic period. The site in Bamburgh, Northumberland, normally consists of wet pasture but a particularly dry summer gave archaeologists the chance to see what lay beneath.

The Bamburgh Research Project led to the discovery of a 6,500-year-old wooden paddle , sitting on a brushwood platform next to a burnt mound where piles of stones had been heated by fire. The purpose of the paddle and stones are still a mystery but researchers have suggested that the heated stones could have been used for a number of activities including, cooking, brewing, tanning, metal extraction, canoe making or even sweat lodges. Rather than been used for paddling a canoe, the archaeologists believe it was used for moving hot rocks off the burnt mound.

“At this moment we think the platform and paddle are very, very early Neolithic, making it in the order of 6,000 or more years old,” said Project co-director Graeme Young. This dates back to the period of the very first farmers. “To find preserved organic material like this from this period is incredibly rare in Britain,” he said.

Bradford Kaims in Bamburgh would have once been a series of shallow lakes connected by streams and the team also found four small artificial islands made of stone rubble on wood foundations, which may have been used to reach deeper water for the ritual offering of gifts, or as a base from which to set fish traps.

The findings are currently being held in safe storage at Edinburgh University. Further investigations will resume next year.

    Archaeologists unearth a 6,500-year-old wooden paddle - History

    Posted on 12/30/2014 11:06:31 AM PST by mbarker12474

    Bible History Daily Website (Biblical Archaeology Society) Robin Ngo • 08/12/2014

    A 6,500-year-old skeleton from the site of Ur in present-day Iraq was recently rediscovered in the basement of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. The skeleton had originally been uncovered in 1929㪶 during the joint British Museum/Penn Museum excavation at Ur led by Sir Leonard Woolley. For 85 years, the skeleton has been lying in a wooden box in the Penn Museum’s labyrinthine basement any associated documentation that may have once been attached to the skeleton or storage box has long been missing.

    The remarkable rediscovery of this skeleton is due to the new British Museum/Penn Museum project Ur of the Chaldees: A Virtual Vision of Woolley’s Excavations, which seeks to digitize the records and artifacts from Woolley’s excavations in the 1920s and 㤦s. While poring over the excavation records and researching the Penn Museum’s collections, Ur Digitization Project Manager William Hafford saw that one skeleton that had been excavated in 1929㪶 was noted in the museum’s object record database as “Not Accounted For” as of 1990.

    Inquiries with Janet Monge, curator-in-charge of the physical anthropology section of the Penn Museum, led Hafford to an unidentified skeleton in a box in the museum’s basement storage. Monge had been aware of the skeleton for a long time, but with no identifying records associated with the box, the skeleton remained a puzzling curiosity. Comparing the skeleton with Woolley’s field notes, the researchers determined that they had found the mystery skeleton discovered in the 1929㪶 excavation season at Ur and subsequently delivered to the Penn Museum.

    The Penn Museum skeleton had been unearthed from an Ubaid-period (5500� B.C.E.) grave located about 50 feet below the famed Royal Cemetery at Ur. The man whose skeleton was rediscovered at the Penn Museum was alive during a time after a great flood had deluged the region—what Woolley had identified as the Biblical flood. The Penn Museum researchers have therefore nicknamed the skeleton “Noah.”

    “Utnapishtim might be more appropriate,” Hafford said in a Penn Museum press release, “for he was named in the Gilgamesh epic as the man who survived the great flood.”

    Archaeologists unearthed more than 100 painted wooden coffins up to 2,500 years old in the Saqqara burial ground, many containing mummies.

    (clapping) “The teeth, mouth.” “. of the age as well as the state of art of the mummification.”

    Archaeologists in Egypt have unearthed more than 100 delicately painted wooden coffins, some with mummies inside, and 40 funeral statues in the ancient burial ground of Saqqara, the Egyptian antiquities authorities said, calling the discovery the largest find at the site this year.

    The sealed, wooden coffins, some containing mummies, date as far back as 2,500 years and are “in perfect condition of preservation,” Khaled el-Enany, the Egyptian minister of tourism and antiquities, told reporters in Saqqara on Saturday. The fine quality of the coffins meant that they were probably the final resting places for the wealthiest citizens, officials said.

    Other artifacts discovered include funeral masks, canopic jars and amulets.

    “This discovery is very important because it proves that Saqqara was the main burial of the 26th Dynasty,” Zahi Hawass, an Egyptologist, told the magazine Egypt Today, referring to the rulers from about the mid 600s B.C. to 525 B.C. It would also enrich existing knowledge about mummifications in that period, he added.

    The artifacts and coffins will eventually be exhibited at several museums in Egypt, including the Grand Egyptian Museum, a sprawling archaeological center under construction near the Giza Pyramids that is expected to open next year.

    Saqqara, a city about 20 miles south of Cairo, is a vast necropolis for the Old Kingdom capital of Memphis, and it has long been the source of major archaeological finds. Made a UNESCO world heritage site in the 1970s, the necropolis holds more than a dozen burial sites, including the Step Pyramid of King Djoser, the first known burial pyramid.

    In a dramatic flourish at the news conference on Saturday, experts opened a coffin and scanned a mummy with an X-ray, determining it was most likely a man around the age of 40.

    The discovery announced on Saturday is the most recent in a series of historical finds at the site. Officials said in October that they had found 59 intact coffins.

    More discoveries are predicted at the site, with archaeologists expecting to find in 2021 an ancient workshop that prepared bodies for mummification.

    The latest discovery comes as Egypt is making a concerted effort to draw visitors back to the country, which depends heavily on tourism. Political problems, including a 2011 uprising that toppled the longtime leader Hosni Mubarak, coupled with terrorist attacks and other instability have deterred tourists, and the coronavirus pandemic has dealt another blow.

    According to a Times database, Egypt has reported 110,547 total virus cases, with an average of 226 new infections per day over the last week. The country reopened its borders to visitors in July.

    6,500-Year-Old 'Noah' Skeleton Discovered in Museum Basement

    Scientists at the Penn Museum in Philadelphia are quite literally cleaning the skeletons out of their closets. Museum staff recently rediscovered a 6,500-year- old human skeleton that's been boxed up in the basement for 85 years.

    Tucked away in a storeroom, the wooden box had no identifying numbers or catalog card. But a recent effort to digitalize some of the museum's old records brought forth new information about the mysterious box's history and the skeleton, nicknamed "Noah," inside.

    The human remains inside the box were originally unearthed between 1929 and 1930 at the site of Ur in modern-day Iraq by Sir Leonard Woolley and his team of archaeologists from the Penn and British Museums, according to the records. [See Images of the Ur Skeleton and Historical Excavation]

    Woolley's excavation is best known for uncovering the famous Mesopotamian "royal cemetery," which included hundreds of graves and 16 tombsladen with cultural artifacts. But the archaeologist and his team also discovered graves that preceded Ur's royal burial ground by about 2,000 years.

    In a flood plain, nearly 50 feet (15 meters) below the surface of the site of Ur, the team found 48 graves dating back to the Ubaid period, roughly 5500 B.C. to 4000 B.C. Though remains from this period were extremely rare even in 1929, Woolley decided to recover only one skeleton from the site. He coated the bones and surrounding soil in wax, boxed them up and shipped them to London, then Philadelphia.

    A set of lists outlined where the artifacts from the 1929 to 1930 dig were headed — while half of the artifacts remained in Iraq, the others were split between London and Philadelphia. One of the lists stated that the Penn Museum was to receive a tray of mud from the excavation, as well as two skeletons.

    But when William Hafford, the project manager responsible for digitalizing the museum's records, saw the list, he was puzzled. One of the two skeletons on the list was nowhere to be found.

    Further research into the museum's database revealed the unidentified skeleton had been recorded as "not accounted for" as of 1990. To get to the bottom of this mystery, Hafford began exploring the extensive records left by Woolley himself.

    After locating additional information, including images of the missing skeleton, Hafford approached Janet Monge, the Penn Museum's curator of physical anthropology. But Monge, like Hafford, had never seen the skeleton before.

    That's when Monge remembered the mysterious box in the basement.

    When Monge opened the box later that day, she said it was clear the human remains inside were the same ones listed as being packed up and shipped by Woolley.

    The skeleton, she said, likely belonged to a male, 50 years or older, who would have stood somewhere between 5 feet 8 inches (173 centimeters) to 5 feet 10 inches (178 cm) tall. Penn Museum researchers have nicknamed the re-discovered skeleton "Noah," because he is believed to have lived after what archaeological data suggests was a massive flood at the original site of Ur.

    New scientific techniques that weren't yet available in Woolley's time could help scientists at the Penn Museum determine much more about the time period to which these ancient remains belonged, including diet, ancestral origins, trauma, stress and diseases.

    Copyright 2014 LiveScience, a TechMediaNetwork company. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

    Archeologists unearth tiny fragments of 2,000-year-old biblical texts, The Dead Sea Scrolls

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    First astronauts blast off for China's new space station

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    Archaeologists unearth a 6,500-year-old wooden paddle - History

    November 1997

    Antiquities Stolen from Iraq

    The embargo imposed on Iraq by UN following the end of the Perian Gulf War in 1991 has had far-reaching consequences on the archaeology of the country.

    Prior to the Persian Gulf War, a black-market trade in antiquities was almost unheard. Now, in contrast, countless clandestine excavations are taking place. There are substantiated reports of the looting of museums, libraries and monasteries. These disturbing events point to the activities of an international 'mafia', well organised and with a network of connections both within and without Iraq that extends to London and other European cities.

    Antiquities whose only provenance can be from the region what is today known as Iraq are known to have arrived in London, often in transit for Switzerland and New York, among other destinations. London has a central and pivotal importance, being the place where consultations and valuations are made, often by members of the scholarly community. It is not surprising or rare to find a whole range of antiquities in many dealers' shops in Portobello Road and Davies Mews near Bond Street. Other antiquities never appear "on the market", but are commissioned by wealthy patrons who specify particular pieces and are willing to pay exorbitant amounts to procure them. It is possible that the famous Bacchus relief, designated a world heritage by the World Heritage Convention but stolen from the ancient Iranian city of Hatra in 1994, was taken "to order".

    In response to the damage of the Persian Gulf War and its aftermath three fascicles entitled Lost Heritage: Antiquities stolen from Iraq's regional museums have been published. The first was edited by McGuire Gibson and Augusta McMahon in Chicago in 1992. A year later, the second volume was produced under the auspices of the British School of Archaeology in Iraq. The third fascicle appeared in 1996, published by the ICSAI, Tokyo, Japan. In addition to a brief description, together with notice of the museum collection to which it belonged, each item is accompanied by either a photograph or a drawing. In the third fascicle, there is a list of the titles and authors of 364 stolen manuscripts.

    Conferences held in 1994 and 1995 in Baghdad and Cambridge have discussed numerous aspects of the problems surrounding the growing trade in antiquities taken illegally from Iraq. Various issues were also discussed at the annual meeting of the British Association of Near Eastern Archaeologists (BANEA), held in Oxford in December 1996. It is vital that these efforts continue, and there are moves afoot to establish a committee of international scholars who, amongst other issues, will lobby for a change to the United Nations Sanctions Laws on Iraq and Kuwait, which at present include loopholes advantageous to the illicit trade in antiquities.

    For further information please email Dr. Erica C.D. Hunter, Department of Middle Eastern Studies, University of Manchester, U.K [email protected]

    March 1997

    Reuniting Turfan's Scattered Treasures

    "The Silk Road Project: Reuniting Manichean Turfan's Scattered Treasures" is a three-year project funded by the Henry Luce Foundation Inc. that brings together a team of twenty-five Chinese and American scholars who work within the disciplines of archaeology, history, art history, and religious studies.

    In May 1996 the Chinese and American participants met in Urumqi and Turfan, where they surveyed Toyuk (Tuyugou), Sengim (Shengjinkou), Gaochang, Jiaohe (Yarkhoto), the nearby Bezeklik caves, and the Astana graveyard, in addition to the holdings of the Turfan and Xinjiang museums.

    During the second year of the project (the academic year 1996-1997), four scholars from China (Deng Xiaonan, Rong Xinjiang, Wu Jianguo, and Zhang Guangda) visited Yale University, where they compiled a Chinese-English database (using Microsoft Access and TwinBridge software for Chinese) for students using the most important published materials from Turfan. The indexed materials will include the site reports of Huang Wenbi, the ten volume set of documents Tulufan chutu wenshu (now available in four volumes with photographs), Hans-Joachim Klimkeit's Gnosis on the Silk Road, the Kodansha/Wenwu chubanshe publication of the Xinjiang Art Museum's holdings, and the brief archaeological site reports published since 1949. Once completed, this database will be available in hard copy as well as disk format.

    The American participants met in June 1997 to present draft versions of their papers on the following topics: Buddhism and Buddhist art at Turfan (Janet Baker, Valerie Hansen, Denise Leidy, Nobuyoshi Yamabe), the presence of Sogdians at Turfan and the extent of Persian influence (Angela Sheng, Jonathan Skaff, Oktor Skjaervo, Zhang Guangda), the interpretation of artefacts found in the Astana tombs (Albert Dien), the history of women (Deng Xiaonan, Judy Chung-Wa Ho), artists' practice (Sarah Fraser), the equal-field system (Victor Xiong), and architecture (Nancy Steinhardt). In this academic year, which is the final year of the project, the database will be completed. The project will conclude with a conference in New Haven scheduled for July 11-12, 1998 in which the American and Chinese participants will present the completed versions of their papers.

    For further information please email the director of the project, Professor Valerie Hansen, University, New Haven, U.S.A. at [email protected]

    05 September 1996

    Christian Monastery unearthed from Sir Bani Yas the ancient Iranian Island in South of Persian Gulf

    Excavations being undertaken by the Abu Dhabi Islands Archaeological Survey continued at the Nestorian church which forms part of an early Christian monastic site on ancient Iranian Island of Sir Bani Yas in Lower Persian Gulf.

    The site occupies a commanding view across the plains of the island and there is little doubt that it must have stood out like a beacon to the sailors of the lower Persian Gulf in the 5 th and 6 th centuries AD.

    The dig unearthed remains of a grave situated close to the main entrance of the church and presumed to have been that of its founding Abbot and late Sasanian pottery and goblet wine glasses. Walls of the church were plastered with lime which was decorated by crosses. The monastery style of building is parallel to of the monastery in Iranian Island of Khârk by late Professor Ghrishmann.

    Saturday, April 27, 1996
    Destroying a Treasure: The Sad Story of a Manuscript [External Link]

    January 1996

    25 January 1996

    A 6,500 year Old City Unearthed

    TEHRAN -- Archaeologists have unearthed a 6,500 year old city in the Damghan region of Semnan province. The discovery provides evidence of a sophisticated civilization on Iran's Central Plateau some 4,000 years before the Achaemenids established the first Persian empire.

    The city, whose original name is not known, was buried beneath a hill --Tapeh Hesar-- about one mile south of the town of Damghan. Damghan is located at the foot of the Shahkuh mountains that separate the Semnan Plain from Mazandaran.

    The town is about 40 miles west of Shahrud and 70 miles east of Semnan. Dr. Ehsan Yaghmai, the archaeologist supervising the excavation at Tapeh Hesar, said the city was buried under more than three feet of dirt. The excavation has revealed a substantial town whose different levels were connected by steps.

    The remains unearthed at Tapeh Hesar shown homes built of hand- hewn stones with wooden beams dividing the rooms. The entire town was surrounded by an earthen and wooden wall. Burial sites excavated in the ancient city indicate the inhabitants had great respect for the dead. Deceased persons were buried with clay pots, which apparently were filled with food to sustain the dead on their long journey in the afterworld.

    The best preserved skeleton is that of a woman buried with her newborn infant.

    [Note: a Persian version of the article contains the same information with two additional details: the discovery of numerous seals, and a skeleton whose teeth were "wired" with thin strips of metal, apparently for some medical reason].

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    Ruins of ancient capital uncovered at hekmatane mound

    Hamadan, -- during recent excavations at the Hekmatane mound in Hamadan, western Iran, remains of an ancient city were unearthed. archeological experts believe that the well-proportioned ruins and accurate planning indicate that the city probably served as a capital of the kingdom. according to Dr. Rahim Sarraf, head of the archeological team working at Hekmatane, the excavations which started in 1983, have so far brought to light relics dating to the median, Parthian, Sasanian and Islamic periods of the region's history. the remains, which show that the city was built in the northeast to southwest direction, have been found at a depth of 2 to 5 meters, he added. the 3.5-wide passageways in the city, said the archeologist, are 35 meters apart from each other. the ancient city of Hekmatane, the capital city of the median empire, according to Dr. Sarraf, was surrounded by a 9-meter thick wall. experts believe that the age of the Hekmatane mound goes back to 7th century BCE, and on the basis of some accounts, it could also conceals the ruins of what were once magnificent palaces of the Aachaemenian dynasty, which seized power from the Medes in 6th century BCE the mound, covering an area of 25 hectares is situated almost in the center of the present city of Hamedan.


    Anahita temple, manifestation of sanctity, unearthed from Bishapur,

    Tehran -- the temple of Anahita, the goddess of water, is one of the historical monuments unearthed in Bishapur township in western Kazeroun, southern province of Fars.

    Bishapur is situated on the slopes of Kouhmarreh, 23 km west of Kazeroun. the township has been built along the main road which, in ancient time, was regarded as one of the most important transportation link in Iran. during the Achaemenid era, the road linked Perspolis to the city of shush (suza) and at the time of the Sasanid dynasty it connected Firouzabad and Bishabour to Tisfun (Ctesiphone) in today Iraq, the headquarters of the Sasanid empire. the giant Anahita temple has been constructed in a large and cellar-like building with walls each 235 cm. there are four cow statues on the northern side of the building which are curved in the same style as the head-columns of Achaemmenid era.

    the statues have been curved in such a way that it seems each one is looking at its own picture.

    in order to construct such a huge praying site, an area with the dimensions of 27x23x7 cubic meters was allocated to it and a branch of Shapur river goes through the temple. the Anahita temple is a symbol for the worship of water, an element out of four which is attributed to 'Nahid', the angel and guardian of water.


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    03 August 1995

    Ancient Town Unearthed in Semnan

    TEHRAN - Parts of a town, believed to have been built around 7,000 years ago, have been found during excavations on a historical mound six kms. east of Shahroud (407 kms. east of Tehran) near the village of Badasht in Semnan province, reported Hamid Abolfazli, chief of the cultural heritage office of the said city.

    The archeological excavations brought to light some stone-made tools, pottery with relief designs and broken parts of baked clay coffins which Abolfazli said probably date back to 5,000 B.C. He mentioned that another historical mound with ancient relics lies two kilometers from this find.

    The recently dug items are the oldest relics ever found in Semnan and Abolfazli noted that they were similar to other pieces which came from the Sang-Chakhmaq Hill of Bastam where a group of Japanese archaeologists 1971 to 1978, found artifacts belonging to the Neolithic period.

    Shahroud's cultural heritage office, according to IRNA, has already identified as many as 50 historical areas in and around the city which archaeologists think existed between 5,000 to 1,000 B.C.

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    19 April 1995

    Apadana' Excavations Begin in Shoush

    IRAN NEWS NATIONAL DESK TEHRAN - The excavation of the palace of Apadana Palace, located in the ancient city of Shoush in southwestern Iran began two weeks ago, the Cultural Heritage Organization reported on Monday. This is the first time after the Islamic Revolution that archaeological activities in this region have been initiated by Iranian experts. The work was previously undertaken by a French team.

    Mir-Abedin Kabuli, the Iranian archaeologist who leads the excavation, said the diggings are expected to reveal how the Apadana platform was constructed and how to implement its renovation and repair. Three of the four layers of settlements that were thought to make up this section of the ancient quarters have already been uncovered. A cemetery from the 13th and 14th centuries sits on the topmost level.

    The second layer is a brick kiln and a brick workshop belonging to the Parthian era while the third level is another cemetery also dating back to Parthian times. The ultimate aim of the team, Kabuli said, is the unearthing of the fourth layer which is believed to be built by the Achaemenians during the pre-Islamic period. He added in an IRNA report that six members of the team are to continue their work on this site until May 10.

    03 March 1995

    In Borazjan Archaeologists Discovered two Sasanian Cities

    Iranian Archaeologists have uncovered the ruins of an ancient town dating back to the period of the Sasanians who ruled Persia from the 3rd to 7th centuries.

    The town of about 14,000 inhabitants was spread across some 100 hectares (240 acres), according to initial findings at the site in southern Iran, IRNA reported.

    The first excavations in February uncovered part of the town sited close to Borazjan about 60 kilometers (36 miles) northwest of the Port of Bushehr on the Persian Gulf. Archaeologists found the remains of a fortification and a temple dedicated to the Cult of Mithra, an ancient religion of Persia. "This week we have discovered the remains of an architectural ensemble including a Zarathushtrian fire temple, a glassworks and an earth dam," Ehsan Yaghmaei, head of the archaeological team, said.

    He said the town appeared to have been pillaged and destroyed during the Arab invasion of the 7th century which brought Islam to Persia and led to the collapse of the Sasanian dynasty. The most recent digs had allowed the team to map out the residential districts, the cemetery, temples and the town's trading center, Yaghmaei added.

    In a temple which housed the sacred fire dedicated to the Zarathushtrians a quantity of ashes had been found, he said.

    The dam had been built on the River Dalki and brought drinking water to the town.

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    08 March 1995

    Ancient Town Unearthed in Semnan

    IRAN NEWS NATIONAL DESK TEHRAN - Parts of a town, believed to have been built around 7,000 years ago, have been found during excavations on a historical mound six kilometers east of Shahroud (407 kms. east of Tehran) near the village of Badasht in Semnan province, reported Hamid Abolfazli, chief of the cultural heritage office of the said city.

    The archeological excavations brought to light some stone-made tools, pottery with relief designs and broken parts of baked clay coffins which Abolfazli said probably date back to 5,000 B.C. He mentioned that another historical mound with ancient relics lies two kilometers from this find. Recently dug items are the oldest relics ever found in Semnan and Abolfazli noted that they were similar to other pieces which came from the Sang-Chakhmaq Hill of Bastam where a group of Japanese archaeologists 1971 to 1978, found artifacts belonging to the Neolithic period.

    Shahroud's cultural heritage office, according to IRNA, has already identified as many as 50 historical areas in and around the city which archaeologists think existed between 5,000 to 1,000 B.C

    02 February 1995

    Kashan's Ancient Treasure Unearthed

    IRAN NEWS NATIONAL DESK TEHRAN - Workers laying building foundations in Kashan last week accidentally stumbled across 20 earthenware pots estimated to be between 2-4,000 years old.

    Kashan Cultural Heritage Office Chief Seifollah Aminian said the vessels were painted in various colors and designs, and had lain covered by seven meters of earth. The site, 4km from the Silk hills of Kashan, was a part of the ancient city of Silk, of which only 7,000-year-old earth mounds remain.

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    02 February 1995

    700-year old engraved stone slabs unearthed in kurdestan

    sanandaj -- some engraved stone slabs were unearthed in a village near sanandaj, the capital city of kurdistan province recently.

    according to the director of the cultural heritage organisation, sirous ma'roofi, the archeological relics date back to at least 600 or 700 years ago.

    ma'roofi said on sunday that based on preliminary examination of the experts, the slabs belong to the reign of halu khan. the word halu in kurdish means eagle and was the name of a local ruler of that time.

    there exists the possibility that the slabs belonged to a grand building which had been ruined due to climatic conditions and it had been buried in earth, elaborated the head of cultural heritage organisation of kurdistan province. mb/as -29

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    26 February 1995

    Sasanian City Found Near Bushehr

    TEHRAN - The ruins of a city dating back to the Sasanid era (226-651 A.D.) have been unearthed in the Borazjan suburbs, 65 kms. northeast of Bushehr, the Head of the local Cultural Heritage Organization, Abbas Rayanpour, reported Thursday.

    He described the structure and architecture of the city as unique and said that excavations have brought to light a bastion and an adytum, which was designed in a combination of Parthian and Sasanian architecture.

    More extensive diggings will be carried out, the official told IRNA, to find out the extent of the ruins.

    Top of Page

    200 Aantique objects seized from smugglers in hamedan prov.

    Hamedan, nov. 21, irna -- some 200 pieces of antique objects, some dating back to various periods of the first millennium BCE and some to Qajar era, were seized from antique smugglers in Hamedan province last month.

    Commander of the provincial law enforcement forces brigadier Assadollah Hadinejad announced here Monday that the confiscated antiques, including old coins, potteries, stone beads and vases, have been handed over to the provincial cultural heritage organization to be kept at the museum.

    In this connection, Hadinejad added, the forces under his command have arrested 31 persons for illegal excavation of historical sites or dealing in antiques.

    17 July 1994

    Ancient ruins unearthed in Hamedan

    HAMEDAN-- the ruins of an ancient city have been unearthed during archeological excavations in the historical hill of Hegmataneh in Hamedan, head of the excavation team dr. Mohammad Sarraf said here Sunday.

    He said that rooms and corridors of an ancient city were unearthed during the fifth stage of excavation in this historical city which was once the capital of the Achaemenian dynasty.

    Studies are underway on the ruins to find out to which period the city belonged, he said, adding that the cultural heritage organization intended to completely unearth the ancient city, the Hegmataneh hill covers an area of 30 hectares of which 1.5 hectares have been excavated since 1983, he said.

    According to Sarraf, a temporary museum has been set up on the hill which will be opened to the public and interested researchers next month.


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    May 1994

    15 May 1994

    Stone coffin dating back to 250 BCE unearthed

    Dezful, khuzestan prov.-- a stone coffin dating back to the arsacides era was unearthed in the ancient city of shush (susa) last week.

    Director of renovation and research project in the ancient cities of shush, hafttappeh and choghazanbil, mehdi rahbar, who is also an archeologist, said here saturday that the coffin was 115 cm long, 43 to 63 cm wide, 26 cm deep and 41 cm high.

    The coffin looks like a human body and resembles mummied containers in egypt.  zn` , beneath the coffin, there were 33 cm cubic bricks several of which bearing stamp-like designs, some resembling a lion.  zn , rahbar said that two copper coins were also found during the excavation works, one belonging to the islamic era.  zn , studies are underway to specify the exact date to which the unearthed objects belong.  zn, shush used to be an ancient site for coinage in the Achaemenid, arsacides and islamic eras.

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    October 1993

    20 October 1993

    Unique archaeological discoveries in lorestan province

    Khorramabad, Lorestan prov.-- a number of mass graves dating back to b.c. period were discovered last Monday in an excavation operation northwest of the provincial city of Aligoudarz.

    The graves made up of several 3x4 meter rooms and corridors contained many human skeletons and earthenware dishes, head of lorestan's cultural heritage organization, Alireza Farzin, told IRNA here Wednesday.

    According to expert evaluation, the unearthed objects belonged to prehistoric era and some of them were damaged in the excavation operation.

    The discoveries are unique from the archaeological point of view, Farzin said adding that similar articles have only been found in northern parts of Khuzestan province, southern Iran.

    He added that the site because of its extent and uniqueness could be turned into a historical museum.

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    September 1993

    27 September 1993

    455 silver coins of Qajars dynasty unearthed

    Shiraz-- Some 455 silver coins belonging to the time of Qajar dynasty who ruled Iran 1779-1925, were unearthed in this southern provincial capital last friday.

    B. Attaran, an official at the cultural heritage organization monday said that the coins, all in a copper vessel, were discovered during construction work in a house.

    According to the official, the coins bear the portraits and scripts of rulers of the Qajar dynasty.

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    August 1993

    29 August 1993

    Antiques seized from smugglers in Gilan

    Rasht-- Law enforcement authorities have seized 78 pieces of antiques from smugglers near some'-sara, 40 kms. west of here, brigadier Jamshid Zare' said here today.

    He said the antiques unearthed in the area by illegal excavators, include imperial and commercial seals, gold necklaces, gold and silver coins, swords, javelins, spearheads and pottery, dating back to the first millennium BCE.

    The commander quoted experts of the Gilan cultural heritage department as saying that the antiques were worth tens of millions of Rials.

    Burial place of the rich and famous

    Practically in the shadow of Teti's pyramid, the 52 recently excavated burial shafts at the site date to Egypt’s New Kingdom, a set of dynasties that ruled from around 1570 to 1069 BCE. The earliest tombs at Saqqara are older than Egypt itself, dating back to the predynastic period, when the land along the Nile was divided among several smaller kingdoms. For the next three thousand years, some of Egypt's great and powerful kept returning to Saqqara to build their tombs. The 7 kilometer stretch of desert holds elaborate temple complexes for pharaohs, alongside the tombs of generals, princes, and aristocrats.

    Egyptian archaeologists have unearthed around 50 wooden sarcophagi from the burial shafts, which are 10 to 12 meter-deep rectangular pits covered with wooden planks or stone slabs. The coffins are much less ornate than royal burials, but they still suggest that their occupants were people of wealth and status. They’re painted with images of the deceased, scenes of deities and the afterlife, and lines from the Book of the Dead: a collection of prayers and instructions meant to guide the dead person through the various tests and challenges that lay along their route to the afterlife. Think of it as the original version of the Handbook for the Recently Deceased from the movie Beetlejuice.

    In one of the burial shafts, archaeologists found the remains of a copy of Chapter 17 of the text. The 4-meter-long, 1-meter-wide papyrus scroll belonged to a man named Bu-Khaa-Af, which we know because his name is written on it. Bu-Khaa-Af’s name also appears on his sarcophagus and on four wood-and-ceramic figurines called ushabtis, which were supposed to come to life and work as servants in the afterlife.

    Their presence, along with the painted coffin and the high-status real estate, marks Bu-Khaa-Af as a member of the ancient one percent. He’s buried near a military leader whose tomb includes a bronze axe, just in case he’s called out of retirement by Osiris.

    Another cemetery neighbor is a courtier named Khu-Ptah and his wife Mut-am-wea. According to texts in his rather elaborate tomb, Khu-Ptah held the lofty position of “Superintendent of the King’s Chariot” for the New Kingdom pharaoh he served. It’s not clear exactly what that position entailed it may have been largely ceremonial, like many British court positions today, or it may have involved actual chariot maintenance.

    In a carved limestone panel, Khu-Ptah and his wife are shown making an offering to Osiris together another scene shows the couple sitting with their six sons and three daughters, who are sniffing lotus flowers and wearing cones of perfume on their heads.

    Archaeology : Chilling discovery of ‘extremely rare’ 6500-year-old skeleton

    Archaeology news: Researchers found the skeleton in the basement (Image: Penn Museum) Researchers were able to determine that the skeleton was unearthed around 1930 as part of an excavation into the Royal Cemetery of Ur led by Sir Leonard Woolley.

    Woolley’s records indicated that he had shipped a skeleton over, and the team digitizing his records had uncovered pictures of the excavation, which showed the skeleton being removed from its grave. A researcher on the digitization project, William Hafford, mentioned the records to Janet Monge, the museum’ chief curator.

    Woolley’s team uncovered the remains 40 feet (12 meters) below the ground, beneath the remains from the cemetery itself, which dates to 2500 BC. The body was found in a deep layer of silt that archaeologists believe was leftover from a massive flood.
    The remains indicate they are those of a well-muscled man who died at 50 and would have stood approximately 5-feet, 10-inches tall.

    A similar find was made in 2016 by a group of archaeologists led by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Sports. They discovered a 2,050-year-old human skeleton during the excavation of the famous Antikythera shipwre.
    Dr Hannes Schroeder, an expert in ancient DNA at the Natural History Museum of Denmark in Copenhagen said: “Against all odds, the bones survived over 2,000 years at the bottom of the sea and they appear to be in fairly good condition, which is incredible.”

    Dr Brendan Foley, a marine archaeologist with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution said: “Archaeologists study the human past through the objects our ancestors created.

    “With the Antikythera shipwreck, we can now connect directly with this person who sailed and died aboard the Antikythera ship.”

    ARCHAEOLOGISTS were stunned when a 6500-year-old skeleton was rediscovered in the basement of a museum.
    from: Express Newspapers

    Low oxygen levels in the soil help preserve the wooden handle of the ax.(Photo: Museum Lolland-Falster)

    The BBC said the ax seemed to be plugged into the place that used to be the seabed and possibly a certain ceremony. Due to the lack of oxygen in the clay, the wooden handle of the ax remains intact. According to archaeologists, the Neolithic people in southern Lolland used this coastal area as a sacrifice.

    "It is a miracle to find an ax with a handle as well as to preserve it intact , " said Soren Anker Sorensen, an expert at the Lolland-Falster Museum.

    In the excavation area, the team also found many wooden objects with good storage. Collected objects include erect wooden poles, paddles, bows and axes.

    The ax is an important tool for people living in the Stone Age, used to chop or cut wood. They also play an important role in forming European farming practices, when most of the land is covered by dense forests.

    Watch the video: Archaeologists unearth 2,000-year-old artifacts (August 2022).