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Why do people say, “Alexander the Great conquered the world?”

Why do people say, “Alexander the Great conquered the world?”



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In many books, articles, or even in folktales, whenever Alexander III of Macedon (referred to as Alexander the Great) is mentioned, it is said that he conquered the world. Even some historian say that he conquered the world, most of the known world at that time.

But if we look at the Macedonian empire at its apex under Alexander we can see that he only controlled a very small part of Europe, most of the central Asia, and part of Africa (Egypt). That map does not include the two biggest & oldest civilizations, India & China.

Alexander did try to enter India, but he was unsuccessful. The reasons for his retreat are ambiguous, ranging from fear of mutiny among soldiers, defeat in India to a very costly victory against a small kingdom in India. Apart from these, until now I've never heard that Alexander had any plans to invade China. (India was much closer & accessible than the Chinese heartland).

Having stated this information, why do people say that Alexander the Great conquered the world? If there are any reasons then what are they?, Why do the conquests of Alexander have so much significance?

Edit:

Editing my question to clarify intentions. A good answer by the @DevSolar, but only provides numbers as facts. I asked the question from non Greek point of view. Yes I've read the concept of Hecataeus map, and as per it yes he indeed conquered the world. But that does not change the fact that a far greater part of civilized world remained unconquered by Greeks. So the intention of me asking was why this concept in so prevent in cultures across world that Alexander conquered the world? Why it was not falsified as we grew in knowledge about world?

I know many times, the term 'known world' is used instead of 'world' which best describes this scenario. But I am more interested in the cultural & historical impact of the Macedonian empire which might have strengthened the belief to this extent.


Wikipedia tells us that Alexander did indeed set out to conquer the whole world.

His empire consisted of most of the world known to the ancient Greeks of his time, so for his compatriots, yes, he conquered "the world" as they knew it.

As far as empires are concerned, the Macedonian empire is certainly among the greatest empires of all time. With the exception of the Achaemenid empire, any larger empire came after Alexander's time. This includes China (the Qin dynasty doesn't even show up in the list of largest empires -- China's big days were yet to come) and India (the Mauryan empire doesn't reach the size of Alexander's domain either).

All this lends credit to the claim that he conquered "the world".


Alexander the Great conquered what was then the known, "civilized" world.

The four early civilizations were the Egyptian, Babylonian, "Indian" and Chinese. Babylon was part of the Persian Empire, which Alexander defeated. Egypt was conquered next. Shortly before his death, Alexander penetrated to the Indus Valley, which was then the heart of "Indian" civilization based in modern Pakistan and Punjab. Only China was "missing." She was remote from, and (at the time) smaller than the other three civilizations. By the standards of his time, Alexander had conquered the "world" known to him and the Greeks.

The fifth and sixth civilizations were the Greeks and the Romans. Alexander (or rather his father) had conquered the Greeks. When Alexander died in 323 BCE, no one knew that Rome would soon be "the next big thing." At the time, it was just one of the "barbarian" lands to the west. But if Alexander had died a century or two later, he would not have conquered the known "world" unless his conquests included Rome.


I am a newcomer to the History This Site.

Alexander The Great did NOT conquer the world; that is to say, he did NOT conquer EVERY country, land or peoples living on this planet. What was impressive about Alexander's imperial conquest were the breadth of territories and lands he-(and his fellow Greek soldiers) conquered when beginning his Campaign in a small town in Northern Greece. Alexander's empire encompassed much of present-day Greece, a small portion of the Southern Balkans, Egypt, Asia Minor/Anatolia-(present-day Turkey), the Middle East and much of Central Asia… all of this BEFORE the age of 35 and in less than 20 years.

Although Alexander and his Greek Army did not actually conquer the world, they believed that they came close to conquering the known world. It is very unlikely that Alexander-(and the Ancient Greeks in general) were aware of the existence of native peoples of the Americas. Alexander and the Ancient Greeks would have known very little about the peoples of Africa-(except for Egyptians, Phoenician Carthaginians and Ethiopians). The Ancient Greeks knew about the Germanic and Celtic peoples of Europe, though often viewed them as, "barbarians".

However, much of the continent of Asia-(including China), was very well known (and even admired) by the Ancient Greeks and one must remember that is was the continent of Asia that produced some of the most advanced civilizations during Alexander's time-(including, Greek speaking Asia Minor/Anatolia). The one country which served as the Imperial Epicenter of continental Asian sophistication, advancement and Power during Alexander's time, was Persia-(present-day Iran). For Alexander, the conquest of imperial Persia, was, the conquest of the world… (West of China).


The ancient historian Justin (one of our main sources for Alexander's life) says this, "As he was returning to Babylon, from the distant shores of the ocean, he was acquainted that embassies from the Carthaginians, and other states of Africa, as well as from the Spains, Sicily, Gaul, and Sardinia, and some also from Italy, were waiting his arrival at that city. So powerfully had the terror of his name diffused itself through the world, that all nations were ready to bow to him as their destined monarch.


Why do people say, &ldquoAlexander the Great conquered the world?&rdquo - History

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I began my digital journey in 2007 and recently completed ten years in the virtual world. Recently I reflected upon the most critical lessons I had learned in ten years of the virtual world.On Branding &amp Reputation1) Your brand is what people say about you when you are not in the room.2) Brands are built by a pride of association with like-minded people and role models.3) Your story is your brand.4) Your network is who you know and your reputation is who knows you.&nbspOn Content &amp Creativity5) What comes straight from the heart touches straight at the heart.6) People believe it when others appreciate you. Your content is taken seriously when it is shared by others7) Content is king, engagement is queen, passion is princess and technology is a prince.8) Content is king, conversion is the prime minister, and we live in a democracy.9) Creativity leads to deeper insights. Insights lead to even deeper creativity.&nbspOn Personal Growth10) Selfishness is our default setting but we are empowered to change the settings.&nbsp11) Nothing succeeds like passion inspired success. Dig out your deep passion.&nbsp12) Collaboration happens when you shift to "You, We, Us" mode.13) A great self-image is a starting point for a great journey.14) The destination is a mirage. The journey is the Nirvana.&nbsp15) Branding is just the journey. Bonding is the destination.16) Tell yourself the right stories. Beliefs are stories we tell ourselves.17) Find magic partners and spread the magic. There is magic in unconditional love.&nbsp18) Learn once and earn forever does not work anymore. Today you need to unlearn, learn and relearn.19) Meditation is just living in the moment.&nbsp20) Social media is a glasshouse. You can't fake it for long.On Storytelling &amp Inspiration21) You can't heal yourself without telling your story.&nbsp22) Empathy first, authentic story later.23) Your stories must move people . into action, smiles or tears.&nbsp24) Words carry energy. Energy carries magic.25) The deeper the love you put, the higher the inspiration you draw.&nbsp

Top 5 Ways How Latin to English Translators Can Help You With Creativity!

If a translation were merely a mechanical job, then you would not have come across blunders with software and tools available for translations. The translation is much more than just re-writing the content in the said language. A skilled translator will help you with not only re-writing the content from one language to others, but they will also help you with optimizing the content in the best way possible.So how can Latin to English translators help you with creativity? Keep reading to find out!Five ways how Latin to English Translators can help you with creativity!1. They bring with them subject matter expertiseUnlike software and tools, translators bring with them their knowledge of the subject matter and translation. They don&rsquot just mechanically translate the written words. They understand the meaning and the information that needs to be conveyed and add their knowledge to it if and when required. Especially for technical translations like medical or law filed.Did you know? Once in a diplomatic meeting between the US and Russia, the US government gifted Russian government a button that was supposed to say &ldquoReset,&rdquo but in a very embarrassing example of translation gone wrong, the Russian button said, &ldquoOvercharged.&rdquo2. They can help you make the content culturally relevantThis especially true for content that is written to inform, sale build a brand or for a story and fictional work. In order for your audience to engage with your content, it is important that they find the content relatable. Translators not only understand the language but help you make the content culturally relevant.3. They can bring in their personal styleGive your text to 5 different translators, and you will have five different versions of the translation. Every translator brings with them a unique and captivating style of writing.The same sentence that might induce laughter or emotions in one language might not be funny in another. It is the translator&rsquos job to translate the text in a way that it sounds funny even in the target language.4. They can help you with adapting the content with local trendsThis is especially true for your marketing and branding activities. The content framed based on the trends that are going on in one country doesn&rsquot usually make sense when translated. The translator can help you capture the essence of your message and connect it with the local trends.This will not only help you with localizing your content but will also give you more engagement.5. Ability to connect the dotsThe translator has the skill to connect the dots. They can understand the message or the information that you are trying to convey. They can not only translate but also edit the text for you, making sure there is no factual or translation error.Final wordsA skillful translator can take your text and convert it into a text that is meaningful and fun. They are enriched by languages, and they know how to complement probable &ldquovoids&rdquo in one language with information from another.

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