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Mary M. SP-3274 - History

Mary M. SP-3274 - History


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Mary M. SP-3274

Mary M

(SP-3274: t. 26; 1. 64'0"; b. 12'2"; dr. 4'0"; s. 10 mph.)

Mary M (SP-3274), a wooden-hulled motorboat built at Sharptown, Md., in 1904, was purchased by the Navy in 1919 from J. G. White Engineering Co.

Assigned to the 5th Naval District, Mary M served as a launch at Indian Head, Md., until sold 1 May 1922.


Meet Mary: Mother of Jesus

Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ, was a young girl, probably only about 12 or 13 years old when the angel Gabriel came to her. She had recently become engaged to a carpenter named Joseph. Mary was an ordinary Jewish girl, looking forward to marriage. Suddenly her life changed forever.

Mary, Mother of Jesus

  • Known for:Mary was the mother of the Messiah, Jesus Christ, the Savior of the world. She was a willing servant, trusting in God and obeying his call.
  • Bible References: Jesus' mother Mary is mentioned throughout the Gospels and in Acts 1:14.
  • Hometown: Mary was from Nazareth in Galilee.
  • Husband: Joseph
  • Relatives: Zechariah and Elizabeth
  • Children: Jesus, James, Joses, Judas, Simon and daughters
  • Occupation: Wife, mother, and homemaker.

Leader Of Justice Department National Security Division On The Way Out

Acting Assistant Attorney General Mary McCord speaks during a news conference at the Justice Department on March 15. McCord told staff members she will be leaving next month. Alex Wong/Getty Images hide caption

Acting Assistant Attorney General Mary McCord speaks during a news conference at the Justice Department on March 15. McCord told staff members she will be leaving next month.

The woman leading the Justice Department's investigation of foreign meddling into the 2016 election and possible ties between the Trump campaign and Russia has told staff members she will leave the department in May.

Mary B. McCord has served at the highest levels in the national security unit, either as its leader or chief deputy, for the past three years. A longtime federal prosecutor based in Washington, McCord easily won the confidence of both career lawyers and her supervisors inside the Justice Department.

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McCord did not offer a public reason for her departure. In a message to her staff earlier this week, she wrote that she did not make the decision easily, but she concluded "the time is now right for me to pursue new career opportunities."

Her exit leaves a huge vacancy at one of the Justice Department's most important divisions, at a time when the Trump administration is struggling to fill the ranks. Attorney General Jeff Sessions is the only leader so far in the building to have secured Senate confirmation. His picks for deputy and associate attorney general await votes by the full Senate. The administration has not yet announced political appointees for other top posts.

Protecting national security is the top Justice Department priority no matter which political party is in power. The National Security Division, created after the terror attacks on September 11, 2001, has filed criminal charges against Chinese and Russian hackers, sent Americans inspired by the Islamic State and al-Qaida to serve decades in prison and launched counterintelligence probes involving suspected spies.

The investigation into Russian election meddling is one of the highest profile matters in the division's short history. It's not clear whether the probe will result in criminal charges against anyone. But both the Justice Department and the FBI are taking it seriously.

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'You're Stuck With Me,' FBI Director Says, Citing No Plans To Leave Job

Last month, FBI Director James Comey told Congress his investigators are looking into "the nature of any links between individuals associated with the Trump campaign and the Russian government and whether there was any coordination between the campaign and Russia's efforts."

He added: "As with any counterintelligence investigation, this will also include an assessment of whether any crimes were committed."


Mary M. SP-3274 - History

Rev. Gerald J. Bednar
Professor of Systematic Theology

A.B., 1968, The University of Notre Dame, South Bend, Indiana

M.A., 1971, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.

J.D., 1974, The University of Notre Dame, South Bend, Indiana

M.Div., 1983, Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, Cleveland, Ohio

Ph.D., 1990, Fordham University, Bronx, New York

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, 1990

Rev. G. David Bline, M.Div.
Lecturer in Pastoral Studies
Spiritual Director

B.A., 1985, University of Akron (Child Life specialization), Akron, Ohio

M.Div., 1998, Saint Mary Seminary, Wickliffe, Ohio

Spiritual Direction Certification, 2019, Institute of Priestly Formation, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, 2020

Sr. Lisa Marie Belz, OSU, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Biblical Studies

B.A., 1983, Ursuline College, Pepper Pike, Ohio

M.A., 1995 Boston College, Boston, Massachusetts

M.T.S., 2005 University of Notre Dame, South Bend, Indiana

Ph.D., 2013 Loyola University, Chicago, Illinois

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, 2018

Rev. J. Mark Hobson
Assistant Professor of Homiletics

B.A., 1979, Borromeo College of Ohio, Wickliffe, Ohio

M.A., 1986, Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, Cleveland, Ohio

M.Div., 1986, Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, Cleveland, Ohio

D.Min., 2013, Aquinas Institute of Theology, St. Louis, Missouri

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, 2013

Dr. Edward Kaczuk
Professor of Liturgical-Sacramental Theology

A.B., 1975, St. Vincent College, Latrobe, PA

M.Mus., 1977, Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, 1995

Rev. Joseph M. Koopman
Associate Professor of Moral Theology

A.B., 1996, Franciscan University of Steubenville, Ohio

M.A., 2001, Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, Cleveland, Ohio

M.Div., 2001, Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, Cleveland, Ohio

S.T.L., 2007, Accademia Alfonsiana, Rome, Italy

S.T.D., 2009, Accademia Alfonsiana, Rome, Italy

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, 2009

Rev. Mark A. Latcovich
Professor of Pastoral Theology

A.B., 1977, Borromeo College of Ohio, Wickliffe, Ohio

M.Div., 1981, Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, Cleveland, Ohio

M.A., 1986, Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, Cleveland, Ohio

Ph.D., 1996, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, 1992

Rev. John E. Manning
Associate Professor of Church History

B.A., 1968, Borromeo College of Ohio, Wickliffe, Ohio

M.Div., 1972, Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, Cleveland, Ohio
M.A., 1973, John Carroll University, University Hts., Ohio

D.Min., 2007, SaintMary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, Cleveland, Ohio

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, 2013

Rev. J. Patrick Manning, Jr.
Professor of Historical Theology and Church History

B.A., 1974 Athenaeum of Ohio, Cincinnati, Ohio

S.T.B., 1977 Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas, Rome, Italy

M.A. in Pastoral Theology, 1978, Pontificia Universitas Gregoriana, Rome, Italy

M.Ed. in Religious Education, 1987, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts

Ph.D. in Systematic Theology, 1998, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, 2015

Sr. Mary McCormick, O.S.U.
Professor of Systematic Theology

B.S. in Ed., 1978, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, Ohio

M.A., 1986, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

M.R.E., 1991, Loyola University, New Orleans, Louisiana

Ph.D., 2001, Fordham University, Bronx, New York

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology 1997

Rev. Mark S. Ott
Assistant Professor of Sacred Scripture

B.A., Franciscan University Steubenville

M.Div., 2001 Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology

M.A., 2001 Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology

S.S.L., 2010, Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology 2012

Mr. Alan K. Rome
Librarian

A.B., 1976, The University of Texas at Austin

M.LS., 1978, The University of Texas at Austin

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, 1987

Rev. George Smiga
Professor of Sacred Scripture/Homiletics

B.A. 1971 Borromeo College of Ohio Wickliffe, Ohio

M.Div. 1975 Saint Mary Seminary, Cleveland, Ohio.

S.T.L. 1983 Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, Italy.

S.T.D. 1985 Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, Italy

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, 1985

Rev. Christopher J. Trenta
Assistant Professor of Liturgical-Sacramental Theology

B.B.A. 1997 University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN

M.Div., M.A. 2009 Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, Wickliffe, OH

S.L.L., 2017 S.L.D.(cand) 2020 Pontifical Liturgical Institute Sant’Anselmo. Rome. Italy

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, 2019

Rev. Andrew B. Turner
Director of Field Education
Associate Professor of Pastoral Theology

B.S., 1998, Ohio University

M.Div., 2006, Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology

M.A., 2006, Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology

S.T.L, 2019, Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas, Rome

D.Min., 2019, Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology

At. Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, 2013

Rev. Michael G. Woost
Associate Professor of Liturgical-Sacramental Theology

B.A., 1980, Borromeo College of Ohio, Wickliffe, Ohio

M.Div., 1984, Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, Cleveland, Ohio

M.A., 1986, Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, Cleveland, Ohio

S.T.L., 2000, The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C.

S.T.D., (cand), The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C.

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, 2000

Rev. Gary D. Yanus
Professor of Canon Law

B.A., 1970, Baldwin-Wallace College, Berea, Ohio

M.Div., 1981, Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, Cleveland, Ohio

J.C.D., 1990 Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas, Urbe, Rome, Italy

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, 2006

Sr. Mary Brendon Zajac, SND
Professor of Pastoral Theology (Catechetics and New Evangelization)

B.S., 1970, Notre Dame College of Ohio, Cleveland, OH

M.Ed. 1980, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH

M.A. (Theology), 2007, Walsh University, North Canton, OH

D.Min., 2009, Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, Cleveland, OH

At Saint Mary Seminary and Graduate School of Theology, 2011

For Adjunct Faculty, click here.

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The question of marriage

The welfare of her people was of paramount importance to Elizabeth and she once remarked, 'I am already bound unto a husband which is the Kingdom of England.' But her reluctance to marry was to become one of her biggest headaches and would cause her ministers, particularly the anxious Lord Burghley, sleepless nights. Marriage was a political necessity and a way of forming a useful alliance with a European power. Children would secure the line of succession. This was Elizabeth's duty and she should get on with it.

Her ministers knew and Elizabeth certainly knew. But there was no announcement, no wedding bells. The years passed until in 1566 Parliament refused to grant Elizabeth any further funds until the matter was settled. This was a big mistake. No one told the Queen what to do and, using the skills of rhetoric she had been taught, Elizabeth addressed members of Parliament. The welfare of the country was her priority, not marriage. She would marry when it was convenient and would thank Parliament to keep out of what was a personal matter. This was clever talk from the Queen. She knew the political implications of remaining unmarried but effectively banned further discussion.

But her reluctance to marry was to become one of her biggest headaches.

That is not to say that Elizabeth didn't enjoy the company of men. On the contrary she thrived on the adoration of her ministers and knew that flirtation was often the easiest way to get things done. In the political arena she encouraged the attentions of Henry, Duke of Anjou, and later his brother Francis, Duke of Alençon, which could form a useful alliance with France against Spain. But neither proposal led to marriage. As the political landscape in Europe changed, the Queen knew that she would need room to manoeuvre. More than that, Elizabeth simply did not wish to be married. 'If I followed the inclination of my nature, it is this,' she said, 'beggar woman and single, far rather than queen and married.'


‘Frankenstein’ Manuscript Shows the Evolution of Mary Shelley’s Monster

Mary Shelley, as the famous story goes, first conceived of Frankenstein on a stormy night in 1816, while vacationing at the Lake Geneva villa of Lord Byron. The poet challenged his guests to “each write a ghost story,” as Shelley later explained in the introduction to her iconic novel, and she would spend the following months scribbling her tale of the “Modern Prometheus” and his monster into two large notebooks.

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In honor of the 200th anniversary of Frankenstein’s publication, the British publisher SP Books is releasing a facsimile of Shelley’s original manuscript. According to Roslyn Sulcas of the New York Times, the limited run will produce 1,000 copies of the facsimile, which will be available for purchase starting March 15.

Most copies of Frankenstein derive from an 1831 edition that was heavily revised, reports Alison Flood of the Guardian. SP Book’s facsimiles are based on Shelley’s original notebooks, which are held today by Oxford’s Bodleian Library. These manuscripts offer unique insight into how Shelley’s novel evolved as she revised the text. The facsimile shows, for instance, that the author softened her portrayal of Frankenstein’s monster. In one sentence, she scratches out the word “creature” and replaces it with "being." In another, the "fangs" that Victor imagines gripping his neck become "fingers."

The facsimiles also preserve notes made by Percy Shelley, Mary’s husband and a prominent Romantic poet. He suggests, for example, that Mary add "lustrous black" to her description of the monster’s hair. In one passage, he corrects her spelling of “enigmatic, which Mary had written as "igmattic." " [E] nigmatic o you pretty Pecksie !" Percy chastises Shelley teasingly. (According to Graham Henderson, who runs a blog focusing on Shelley and the Romantics, Shelley " was prone to double the letter 'm' while her husband had an ie/ei problem with words like 'viel' and 'thier​.'")

Jessica Nelson, a founder of SP Books, tells Flood that the notations reveals another layer of the manuscript. “What’s really moving about this manuscript," she says, "is that you can see the literary work mixed with something tender and emotional–literature and love inside the pages of the manuscript. Their two handwritings are very similar, which is bizarre and sweet at the same time."

Shelley was just 18 years old when she wrote Frankenstein, and in her introduction to the 1831 edition, she writes that many people had asked her “how a young girl, came to think of, and to dilate upon, so very hideous an idea?” Shelley, downplaying her work, chalked it up to “imagination, unbidden, possessed,” but the facsimiles show that thoughtful writing and meticulous revisions played an important role in creating one of the most enduring horror stories of all time.


The “new woman” of the 1910s and 1920s rejected the pieties (and often the politics) of the older generation, smoked and drank in public, celebrated the sexual revolution, and embraced consumer culture. While earlier generations had debated suffrage, political discussions of feminism were seldom the stuff of popular media in the 1920s. Instead, magazines such as Ladies Home Journal and Pictorial Review presented readers with the debate: “To Bob or Not to Bob?” The short, sculpted hair of the “bob” marked a startling visual departure from the upswept and carefully dressed hair of the early twentieth-century Gibson Girl. Dancer Irene Castle (Treman) inadvertently helped set the fashion when she cut her hair for convenience before entering the hospital for an appendectomy. In these magazine excerpts, Castle, singer Mary Garden, and film star Mary Pickford (known as “America’s Sweetheart”), described their decisions to adopt, or not adopt, the new style.

I Bobbed My Hair and Then—

There has been so much controversy over the bobbed-hair craze that I feel I ought to put some of the world right, as to my side of it at least. I do not claim to be the first person to wear bobbed hair in fact, I believe there are a number of people who, like myself, picture Joan of Arc with shorn locks! There have been several periods in history when women wore short hair. It is easier to be the first person to do a thing than the first to introduce it, and I believe I am largely blamed for the homes wrecked and engagements broken because of clipped tresses. I do not wish to take the blame, because in a great number of case I find the responsibility a serious one and the results a “chamber of horrors.”

Don’t think I am knocking those who may have followed in my footsteps I am indeed honored, and in four cases at least that I know of it has been the making of a very individual and even beautiful person out of one who would not have attracted attention before. To start with, one must have the right sort of hair and rather small features also help to bring about satisfactory results. There is, however, no hard and fast rule to be followed, for I have often been fooled myself and delightfully surprised. The girl with coarse and straight hair, however, is likely to ruin a perfectly good disposition by cutting it.

I first cut off my hair while at boarding school—too many years ago to tell!—so that I could go swimming during a vacant forty-minute period and appear in my next class without visible proof that I had been frolicking around on a springboard when I should have been growing wiser and better fitted to become an interesting dinner partner.

In a very few days I was shocked to see the outcome of my “sacrifice of convenience.” New bobbed heads popped up regularly each morning at breakfast, and, as the truth leaked home, irate parents wrote indignant letters to the principal, so that the joy and comfort I had found in my short hair became short-lived. I was sent for and the style of my coiffure made very plain to me. As a result, I went through a very trying period, with no knot at the back of my head and hairpins, since they could find no place to cling, falling like hailstones around me. What was still more serious, I had to get up at least fifteen minutes earlier to get to breakfast, for I could no longer shake my head like a puppy after a bath and called it a day.

The next time I heard the call of the scissors was just before I was going into the hospital to be operated on for appendicitis. I never liked having anyone comb my hair, so, to assure as little combing as possible, I cut it all off. I say all it never fell much below my shoulders.

After I came out of the hospital I tried to cover up my clipped head by wearing, whenever I appeared in public, a tight turban or toque under which I tucked every spear of hair except some little square sideburns. Those of my friends who saw me in the country without a hat begged me to wear my short hair in public, and so one night when we were going to town to dinner I wore it down, and in order to keep it in place wrapped a flat seed-pearl necklace around my forehead—which was, I think, the beginning of what they afterwards called the “Castle Band.”

I want to let my hair grow, but lack the courage to face that dreadful in-between stage. I have started many times, but always weakened when my hair looked too long and straggly to wear down and was not long enough to put up. Then, too, I cannot resist the scissors, I love to cut other people’s hair, and have bobbed at least twenty heads. I have often thought I should like a little shop of my own, where I could snip to my heart’s content. It must have started with my early desire to cut up the curtains or anything else I could lay my hands on.

There are wonderful advantages in short hair, of which I need not tell you—too many of you have tried it but these are, to me at least, some of the disadvantages: There are so few ways to dress short hair that one is practically limited to parting it on the side or in the middle. And then, can one grow old and gray, still with short hair? Gray hair is charming short, but during the in-between years, will it not seem a bit kittenish and not quite dignified?

Why did I bob my hair? For several reasons. I did it because I wanted to, for one thing because I found it easier to take care of because I thought it more becoming and because I felt freer without long, entangling tresses. But above and beyond these and several other reasons I had my hair cut short because, to me, it typified a progressive step, in keeping with the inner spirit that animates my whole existence.

In one way, whether I wear my hair short or not is of little importance. But viewed in another way, bobbed hair is not just a trivial, independent act of hair-dressing separate and apart from my life itself. It is part and parcel of life—one of the myriad things which by themselves may apparently mean nothing, but which in the aggregate help to form that particular complexity of expression which is myself.

This sounds a bit cryptic but let me elucidate a little. Whether we know it or not, every single thing we do has a relationship to our lives as a whole, for the simple reason that what we do is the expression of what we think—consciously or unconsciously. You may say that it matters very little whether a woman wears her hair long or has it cut short, but that is really not true.

Bobbed hair is a state of mind and not merely a new manner of dressing my head. It typifies growth, alertness, up-to-dateness, and is part of the expression of the élan vital! [spirit] It is not just a fad of the moment, either like mah jong or cross-word puzzles. At least I don’t think it is. I consider getting rid of our long hair one of the many little shackles that women have cast aside in their passage to freedom. Whatever helps their emancipation, however small it may seen, is well worth while.

Bobbing the hair is one of those things that show us whether or not we are abreast of the age in which we find ourselves. For instance, can you imagine any woman with a vivid consciousness of being alive, walking along the street in 1927 with skirts trailing on the ground, wearing elastic-side shoes, a shawl, and also a mid-Victorian bonnet? If you saw such a sight you would instantly put her down as one who had ceased to grow, as one who was passé [out of style] and very far from being an up-to-date woman.

Well, I carry that thought a little further in my whole scheme of things. I do my best to be constantly on the alert and up to the moment. On my toes, as the boys say. I could no more imaging myself wearing a long, trailing skirt in 1927 when all the world was wearing short skirts than I could wear long, trailing tresses when all the world (or nearly all of it) had wisely come to the conclusion that bobbed hair was more youthful, more chic, and, if I may say so, much more sanitary.

This attention to what is of the living present has a special application, I think, to those of us who are what the world designates as creative artists. We, of all people, must be very careful not to allow ourselves to stagnate in any manner whatsoever—mentally, artistically, or physically. To be an artist means to grow. An artist can not afford to do anything else. To stand still means, paradoxically enough, to go backward, and for an artist that is fatal. To keep on growing means the constant necessity for getting a correct perspective of ourselves. We must stand off, so to speak, and look at ourselves through very critical glasses. If we once lose our perspective we lose all.

Life itself is growth, and the minute we allow ourselves to stop growing we really stop being vitally alive. And it is so fatally easy for people to get into a rut, to bask in the noonday sun of self-satisfaction[,] to cease to grow. Take my own profession, for instance. In the realm of grand opera, ignoring precedent and striking out into new paths is one of the hardest things to achieve. How easy it is for the producers of opera to be content with age old traditions, to go on going the easy thing. The antiquated thing that has become so much a matter of habit that thinking about it becomes unnecessary!

And how deadening and monotonous a thing to the singer a continual round of roles of the old order can become! Did I say “Deadening and monotonous”? Stagnating rather, I would sooner pass into oblivion than to cease progressing and growing while I possessed the impetus to live and to work. And if I didn’t look at myself every now and then in perspective I too would stop growing.

As a concrete example of what I mean, last summer I paid a visit to the Opera House in Paris for the first time since I left it in 1906. I asked for this one and that one of my old associates, and in more instances than I care to think of they had all retired from active work. Not from old age either, be it said. They had simply stopped growing, and the inevitable sliding backward had taken place, until the positions they had once held were no longer theirs.

You may wonder what all this has to do with my having bobbed my hair, but as I said above, every seemingly single act we perform is really a small square in the whole mosaic of life, and when all the little pieces are put together they form the complete pattern of existence. Many of the trivial daily happenings of life are so subtle and so deceiving in their significance that very frequently we do not catch their meaning until long after they have occurred. Then, too late alas! We find that these petty affairs, so infinitesimal by themselves, have by accumulation assumed a most important influence in our lives.

When I consider the achievements of women in the past few years in the field of athletics I find it impossible to do so without taking into account the tremendous freedom-giving changes in fashion that have accompanied them. And enjoying the blessings of short hair is a necessary part of those fashion changes. To my way of thinking, long hair belongs to the age of general feminine helplessness. Bobbed hair belongs to the age of freedom, frankness, and progressiveness.

This is my view of the situation, but I should like to state most emphatically that I have no desire to lay down any fixed arbitrary rule for any one else to follow. Whether a woman wears her hair long or short, is her individual affair. I only know which I prefer. I can see nothing but what is progressive or beneficial in bobbed hair for women, altho I must admit there is one very tragic situation that is the direct result of women bobbing their hair, and that is, of course, the sorry plight of the hairpin manufacturers.

Why I Have Not Bobbed Mine

In the epidemic of hair-cutting which has swept the country I am one of the few who have escaped. That does not mean that I have been inoculated by the germ, but that I have resisted valiantly. It has been a hard-fought battle, and the problem has occupied many of my waking and sleeping hours. I say “sleeping” because it often intrudes itself into my dreams.

Sometimes it comes in a pleasant guise, where I gaze enraptured at the mirrored reflection of my sleek bobbed head, and sometimes it is a dreadful nightmare, when I feel the cold shears at the back of my neck and see my curls fall one by one at my feet, useless, lifeless things to be packed away in tissue-paper with other outworn treasures.

I suppose almost every woman in the world has had a moment of trepidation before she made the final and momentous decision to part with her crowning glory but in my case there are, perhaps, more reasons for hesitation than in the case of most people.

In the first place, my curls have become so identified with me that they have become almost a trademark, and what old-established firm would change its trade-mark without giving considerable thought to the matter? Perhaps I am not quite fair to myself when I say “a trade-mark.” I think they mean more than that—in some strange way they have become a symbol—and I think shorn of them I should become almost as Samson after his unfortunate meeting with Delilah.

It seems, no matter what my desires, that I am dedicated to little-girl roles for the rest of my screen life, and the curls here, of course, are invaluable to me. Curls are the one distinctive attribute left to little girls. Their older sisters, mothers, and grandmothers have robbed them of everything else. It is true that there are many small girls with short hair, but where could you find a mother or grandmother with long curls?

I could give a lengthy and, I think, convincing discourse about long hair making a woman more feminine, but there is some doubt in my mind as to whether it does or not. Of one thing I am sure: she looks smarter with a bob, and smartness rather than beauty seems to be the goal of every woman these days.

Whenever I go to the theater and see the rows of heads in front of me, I send up a little prayer of thanksgiving that we no longer have to view great masses of false hair, curls and puffs of varying shades, and that dreadful abomination once known as the “rat.” But I can not confess to any liking for shaved necks. They are dreadful and take away all charm and femininity from the most attractive woman.

Some gray-haired women look well with a bob. I think it depends upon the shape of the head and the size of the woman. If she is large, bobbed hair will make her head seem disproportionately small and will cause her neck to look too large for the face above it. After all, there is nothing more feminine than a beautiful head of well-cared-for hair simply coiled. Men admire it. They like the Greek line which some women are able to achieve with their smooth, shining coils of hair.

Then, too, in spite of the great variety of hair-cuts, one can achieve many more effects with long hair. This is, to me, of vital importance. A wind-blown bob or boyish bob has to remain just what it is until the next visit to the barber or until nature repairs the damage, but long hair can be dressed according to mood or circumstance. For instance, there are days when it gives me great pleasure to part my hair in the center and wear it drawn back smoothly and demurely over my ears. This is usually when I am feeling rather subdued and that life is not treating me just as it should.

On the other hand, there are mornings when I waken feeling very frivolous, and nothing will express this mood as well as a myriad little nodding curls all over my head. A dozen different moods can be interpreted by the hair-dress, and for a woman to have a way of giving an outlet to her mood is very valuable indeed.

Of course, in doing a costume-picture, bobbed hair would be utterly out of place and would necessitate wearing a wig, which to my way of thinking, never looks entirely natural, and which certainly must be most uncomfortable. All the lovely ladies of history and romance have had long hair. Can you imagine a fairy princess with short, bobbed locks? It is unthinkable and almost shocking. Can you picture Elaine, the lily maid, floating down to Camelot on her barge without her golden curls over her shoulders? How could the prince have climbed to Rapunzel, “let down your hair”? And what a predicament Lady Godiva would have been in!

Then there is my family to consider. I think I should never be forgiven by my mother, my husband, or my maid if I should commit the indiscretion of cutting my hair. The last in particular seems to take a great personal pride in its length and texture, and her horror-stricken face whenever I mention the possibility of cutting it makes me pause and consider. Perhaps I have a little sentimental feeling for it myself. I have had my curls quite a while now and have become somewhat attached to them. Besides, there is no use denying the fact, no matter how much I should like to do so, that I am not a radical.

I am by nature conservative and even a bit old-fashioned, which is a dreadful thing to admit in this day and age.

But the real reason why I do not bob my hair is undoubtedly on account of the requests received in my “fan” mail. Every day letters come in from the children saying, “Please do not bob your hair.” "Please do not cut off your curls." I should feel that I was failing them if I ignored such an insistent plea. I haven’t the courage to fly in the face of their disapproval nor have I the wish. If I am a slave, at least I am a willing slave. For their love and affection and loyalty I owe them everything, and if curls are the price I shall pay it.

Now, after giving all these arguments against the bob, I feel the old irresistible urge, and it is quite likely that some day in frenzied haste casting all caution to the winds, forgetting fans and family, I shall go to a coiffeur and come out a shorn lamb to join the great army of the bobbed.

Source: Irene Castle Treman, “I Bobbed My Hair and Then—,” Ladies Home Journal, October 1921, 124 Mary Garden “Why I Bobbed My Hair,” Pictorial Review, April 1927, 8 Mary Pickford, “Why I Have Not Bobbed Mine,” Pictorial Review, April 1927, 9.


Activist and Advisor

In addition to her work at the school, Bethune did much to contribute to American society at large. She served as the president of the Florida chapter of the National Association of Colored Women for many years. In 1924, Bethune became the organization&aposs national leader, beating out fellow reformer Ida B. Wells for the top post.

Bethune also became involved in government service, lending her expertise to several presidents. President Calvin Coolidge invited her to participate in a conference on child welfare. For President Herbert Hoover, she served on Commission on Home Building and Home Ownership and was appointed to a committee on child health. But her most significant roles in public service came from President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

In 1935, Bethune became a special advisor to President Roosevelt on minority affairs. That same year, she also started up her own civil rights organization, the National Council of Negro Women. Bethune created this organization to represent numerous groups working on critical issues for African American women. She received another appointment from President Roosevelt the following year. In 1936, she became the director of the Division of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration. One of her main concerns in this position was helping young people find job opportunities. In addition to her official role in the Roosevelt administration, Bethune became a trusted friend and adviser to both the president and his wife Eleanor Roosevelt.


William & Mary mourns death of iconic administrator/coach Millie West

William & Mary on Saturday announced the death of Millie West, a pioneer in women’s athletics with the Tribe. The Tribe’s outdoor tennis complex is named after her.

She first came to W&M in 1959 as an instructor in physical education and then became a coach, professor and administrator there.

She chaired the PE and kinesiology departments, became the director of women’s athletics, coached tennis and swimming, and mentored many.

West was elected an honorary alumna of William & Mary in 1991 and received an honorary doctorate in 2016. She was inducted into the Intercollegiate Tennis Association Women’s Hall of Fame — which is located on the Tribe’s campus — in 1998, and the W&M Hall of Fame in 2000.


Mary M. SP-3274 - History

Children of Alexander Cleveland Jr. and his wife -- (Milly Presley?)
John Cleveland (1695-ca. 1775) and Elizabeth Coffey
Alexander Cleveland (1712-1779) m. Margaret Doolittle
Grace Cleveland m. Edward Joshua Coffey (abt.1700-?)

Children of Alexander Cleveland and Margaret Doolittle
Eli Cleveland (1734-1829)
Mary Cleveland (1736-1839) m. Johnson
Anca Cleveland (1738) m. Wolf ? Wood?
Millie Cleveland (1740) m. Henry ?
Alexander Cleveland (1744-abt. 1825) m. Sarah Ann
John Cleveland (abt. 1746-bef. 1839) m. Martha Coffey ? (was at Yorktown)
Oliver Cleveland (abt. 1748-1844) m. 1) Elizabeth McWilliams (?-bef. 1792 2) Jane Buckner (d. in Madison, KY)
Anna Cleveland (1751-1838) m. John Hazelrigg (died in Montgomery Co., KY)
James Cleveland (abt. 1753) m. Frances
*Elizabeth Cleveland (abt. 1755-1846) m. John McWilliams
William Cleveland (1757-1842) m. Margaret Wilson (1770-1845) (born in Culpepper Co., VA, died in Pendleton, KY)
Martha (Patsy) Cleveland (1764-1849) m. Bernard Franklin (m. 1793)

*On a previous verison of this page we showed Elizabeth Cleveland's first marriage to Bennett Gillum, when in fact the Elizabeth Cleveland that married Bennett Gillium was the daughter of Jeremiah Cleveland. This error corrected October 23, 2007. Information provided by Sharon Fowler helped to correct this information. Sharon's e-mail address is: [email protected]

Children of John Cleveland and Elizabeth Coffey
Rev. John Cleveland (1730-1829) m. Mary McCann
(John was a Baptist minister and at one time paster of Brier Creek Church. He settled on Lewis Fork)
Mary Cleveland (1731-1828) m. Bernard Franklin
Elizabeth Cleveland m. David Gillespie
Colonel Benjamin Cleveland (1738-1806) m. Mary Graves, d/o of James Graves of Culpeper Va
Capt. Robert Cleveland (1744-1812) m. 1) Alice (Alley) Mathis 2) Sarah Johnson (settled Lewis Fork)
Jeremiah Cleveland (1746-1806) m. Mary Gentry
Larkin Cleveland (1748-1814) m. Frances Wright (settled on Roaring River)
Martha Cleveland m. James Smith

Children of Mary Cleveland and Bernard Franklin
Jeremiah Franklin (1754)
Bernard Jesse Franklin (1760-1823) m. Meeky Perkins
Betty Franklin
Abner Franklin
Shadrack Franklin m. Judith Taleferro
Mary Franklin (1771) m. General Solomon Graves
Meshack Franklin (1773), m. Mildred Edwards, Councillor of State (1824-1835)
Abednego Franklin (1776)

(Bernard Jesse Franklin served under his uncle, Colonel Benjamin Cleveland and was elected to the House of Commons for Wilkes County in 1784, 1785, 1786, 1790, 1791 and 1792 elected to Congress in 1797 and the United States Senate in 1798. In 1820 he was elected Governor of North Carolina and declined a reelection in 1821, citing his health as the reason for declining. He died in 1823. His home was on the headwaters of Mitchell's River in Wilkes County.)

Children of Benjamin Cleveland and Mary Graves
Jemima Cleveland (1765-1810) m. James Wyley
Absalom Cleveland (1767-1838) m. Martha (Patty) Harrison
John H. Cleveland (1769-ca. 1810) m. Mrs. Catherine Slone

Children of Capt. Robert Cleveland and 1) Alice (Alley) Mathis
Mathis Cleveland (1770) (did not marry, died in South Carolina)
Larkin Cleveland (1772-1852) m. Sarah Buchanan
Jeremiah Cleveland (1774-1845) m. Sarah Vannoy
Nancy Cleveland (1777-1846) m. John Ashley Reynolds, Sr., (1774) (lived & died, Wilkes County, NC)
s/o John Francis Reynolds and Anna Blackburn grandson of Ambrose Blackburn and Hannah Ashley
Presley Cleveland (1779-1861) m. Elizabeth Johnson
Eli Cleveland (1781-1859) m. Mary Regan
Elizabeth Cleveland (1783-1850) m. John Yates, Jr. (1780-1875) (lived & died, Wilkes County, NC)
s/o John Yates, Sr. (1754-1835 and Jemima Roper (1755-1853)
Jesse Cleveland (1785-1851) m. Mary Blossingame
Martin Cleveland (1787-1849) m. 1) Mary Gambill 2) Mrs. Anna Peters
Sarah Cleveland (1789aft. 1855) m. Jesse Rector
Alice (Alley) Cleveland (1790) m. Morton Jones, Jr.
Mary Cleveland (1791-1850) m. Mr. Robbs

(John Yates, Sr. and Jemima Roper were also the parents of David Yates (1792-1851). David Yates and his wife, Nancy Hayes, were the parents of Sarah Ann and Adelaide Yates who married the Siamese twins, Eng and Chang.)

Children of Capt. Robert Cleveland and 2) Sarah Johnson
James Harvey Cleveland (1796-1842) m. Mrs. Sarah Waddy Thompson
Fanny Cleveland (1797-1884) m. 1) Edward B. Watkins 2) Caleb Isaac Parker
Alfred Cleveland (1800-1837) (did not marry, died in Texas)
Benjamin Franklin Coffey (1804) m. Tabitha Saxon

Children of Jeremiah Cleveland and Mary Gentry
*Elizabeth Cleveland m. Bennett Gillum

*Elizabeth Cleveland was previously listed as the daughter of Alexander Cleveland and Margaret Doolittle. This error corrected October 23, 2007. Sharon Fowler help to correct this information. Sharon's e-mail address is: [email protected]

Children of Absalom Cleveland and Martha Harrison
John Harrison Cleveland (?-1858) m. Amelia Eliza Martin, d/o Benjamin Martin and Dianah Harrison

Children of John Harrison Cleveland and Amelia Eliza Martin
Benjamin Martin Cleveland (1806) (died in Mississippi)
Milton Absalom Cleveland (1809) m. Sarah Evans (died in Indiana)
Robert Harrison Cleveland (1811) m. Harriet Cooper (died in Marietta, Georgia)
Mary Cleveland (1813) m. William W. Wheatly (1808-1862) (died in Missouri)
Sarah Carolina Cleveland (1815) m. Rev. Zachariah B. Adams, (died in Clay County, MO)
s/o Rev. Jesse Adams, pastor of Brier Creek Baptist Church in Wilkes County, NC)
Dianah Elmira Cleveland m. Alfred Staley
Martha Cleveland (1823-1884) m. Esley Staley
Paulina Elizabeth Cleveland (1825) m. Shadrack Calloway

A History of Watauga County, North Carolina , John Preston Arthur, published 1915
Watauga County Heritage - North Carolina Vol I
Wilkes County Heritage - North Carolina


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