A. D. Lindsay

A. D. Lindsay

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Alexander Dunlop (Sandy) Lindsay was born in Glasgow, Scotland, on 14th May, 1879. Educated at Glasgow University he obtained his first degree in classics in 1899. He then won a scholarship to University College, and as well as getting a double first was president of the student union.

Lindsay taught philosophy at Glasgow University (1902-1904), Edinburgh University (1904-09) and at Balliol, Oxford. Along with his friend, William Temple, he became a tutor at the Workers' Educational Association.

During the First World War Lindsay served in the British Army and in 1917 was promoted to deputy controller of labour in France. After the war Lindsay was professor of moral philosophy at Glasgow University before returning to Oxford University. A socialist, Lindsay became a national figure in 1926 when he joined with William Temple in urging the government to seek a negotiated agreement to the General Strike. One of his students, Christopher Hill, later argued: "His influence on students between the two world war wars was incalculable, and time and time again he gave a lead where few others in university circles did - in attempting reconciliation during the general strike."

Edward Heath was one of the students deeply influenced by Lindsay: "Although Lindsay's own principles were strongly social democratic, he was completely non-dogmatic and non-doctrinaire both in argument and in deed. He believed that democracy alone, and the freedom of expression it underpinned, could give each individual the chance to live his or her own full life. Lindsay had more influence on me at Oxford than anyone else. Ironically, by hastening my intellectual development, this great socialist probably strengthened my innate Conservatism: and the more I exposed my instinctive political views to intellectual questioning, the more solid and rigorous their foundations became."

An educational adviser to the Labour Party, Lindsay was chairman of the National Council of Social Service. He was also involved in setting up several unemployment clubs and was vice-chancellor of Oxford University (1935-38). Denis Healey knew him during this period: "He was a tall, shambling, bear of a man. Wisps of white hair floated round a large innocent pink head. He lectured in a light, sing-song voice, twisting the ends of his gown in front of him. As the first confessed socialist to head a college in Oxford, he was regarded as a dangerous revolutionary by many of his colleagues, particularly when he stood as the Popular Front candidate in the 1938 by-election. Nowadays he would be regarded as a left-wing liberal."

Lindsay, a strong opponent of appeasement, he stood as the anti-Munich candidate in the by-election that took place in Oxford in October, 1938. Although defeated by the Conservative Party candidate, Quintin Hogg, he reduced the majority from 6,645 to 3,434.

On the outbreak of the Second World War Lindsay became chairman of the Joint Recruiting Board, with the task of allocating conscientious objectors to work of national importance other than military service. He also played an important role in organizing education for the armed forces.

As well as being a regular contributor to the Manchester Guardian he wrote several books including The Philosophy of Bergson (1911), The Philosophy of Immanuel Kant (1913), The Essentials of Democracy (1929), Kant (1934), The Modern Democratic State (1943) and Religion, Science and Society in the Modern World(1943). He was created 1st Baron of Lindsay of Birker of Low Ground by Clement Attlee on 13 November 1945.

Alexander Dunlop Lindsay died on 18th March, 1952. His son, Michael Lindsay, a specialist in Chinese economics, succeeded to the title and became the 2nd Baron of Lindsay of Birker.

The great democratic commonwealth of learning, which transcends division of class, religion, and nationality, which takes the co-operation of all for granted, and which has worked out a wonderful technique of co-operative thinking.

Along with men and women of all parties I deplored the irresolution and tardiness of a Government which never made clear to Germany where this country was prepared to take a stand look with the deepest misgiving at the prospect before us ... all of us passionately desire a lasting peace, but we want a sense of security, a life worth living for ourselves and our children: not a breathing space to prepare for the next war.

At the time I went up, Balliol's already formidable reputation was being further enhanced by the then Master, A. Lindsay. "Sandy" Lindsay had previously been Professor of Moral Philosophy at Glasgow University, a chair once held by Adam Smith. There the comparison ended, for Lindsay was a socialist whose Christian faith was an integral part of his political philosophy. In 1926, two years after he became Master, he had caused an uproar, both among the College parents and more widely in the University, by supporting the General Strike; and, in 1931, he had entertained Mahatma Gandhi for a fortnight in the Master's Lodge during the Indian leader's visit to Britain.

Although Lindsay's own principles were strongly social democratic, he was completely non-dogmatic and non-doctrinaire both in argument and in deed. Ironically, by hastening my intellectual development, this great socialist probably strengthened my innate Conservatism: and the more I exposed my instinctive political views to intellectual questioning, the more solid and rigorous their foundations became.

Lindsay was not an outstanding thinker. His books display a decent Christian socialism but generate no excitement. But, besides running Balliol well, he had a genius for understanding the intellectual needs of his students. In that sense he was a worthy successor to Jowett.

He was a tall, shambling, bear of a man. Nowadays he would be regarded as a left-wing liberal. Many years working for the WEA had given him a devotion to the working class. John Betjeman puts it well:

While Sandy Lindsay from his lodge looks down

Dreaming of Adult Education where

The pottery chimneys flare

On lost potential firsts in some less favoured town.

It was this desire to help the under-privileged which determined his socialism. He did not want the proletariat to win the class war - on the contrary, as he told us at his farewell dinner after the war, he wanted to spread aristocratic values through the whole of the British people. Exceptionally kind to anyone in need, he managed to find a place in the Senior Common Room for several refugees, including the great Central European sociologist, Karl Mannheim, the Russian psychologist of adolescence, lovetz-Tereschenko, and the Hungarian economist. Tommy Balogh, who had been working under Schacht in the Reichsbank and warned us not to imagine that the Nazis' economic policies would fail in their objectives.

By introducing me to the Christian mystics, and through his own social commitment, Lindsay had an influence on me more profound and lasting than I imagined at the time.

Then there was the confusion of policy. Both candidates were for: the League of Nations; re-armament; peace; democracy; unity against war. At least, they said so. Underlying everything was a simple unpolitical moral issue, whether or no we had gained peace with honour. But barrister Hogg scored one of the big laughs when he said :

"The issue in this election is going to be very clear. I am standing for a definite policy. Peace by negotiation. Mr. Lindsay is standing for no definite policy that he can name. He stands for national division against national unity. His policy is a policy of two left feet walking backward!"

But Lindsay, lemonade-loving Presbyterian son of a Theology Professor, had a unique line of approach, remote from the usual thumping. In his very first speech, he read part of the lesson for the previous Sunday, to illustrate his argument. It went across - for he was sincere. He got headlines when a man asked him : "Now that our prayers have succeeded in bringing peace from the Munich agreement, is it not ungrateful to doubt and to question that peace?"

Lindsay answered like this: "Suppose you had a child desperately ill. All night long you pray without ceasing, and in the morning she seems better. You thank God that your prayers have been answered. Then, later on it is discovered that owing to some error in the doctor's treatment, she is going to be disabled for the rest of her life. Would your gratitude to God for saving your daughter's life prevent you from calling in a better doctor who might restore your daughter to health? That is how I feel about our present very precarious peace. I am sure that Mr. Chamberlain did his best, but I know that it was also he who brought us very near to war. I am sure that it is owing to his policy that we are now in such a very dangerous situation. That is why I oppose him"

His influence on students between the two world war wars was incalculable, and time and time again he gave a lead where few others in university circles did - in attempting reconciliation during the general strike, in doing something for the unemployed during the depression, in opposing Nazism earlier than was fashionable, helping German refugees and taking a public stand against Munich, in modernizing and democratizing Oxford, in the Keele experiment. In all these ways his influence prepared for the Welfare State, if not the classless society.

A. D. Lindsay - History

Office: AL 584 | Phone: (619) 594-0983
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Curriculum vitae

After graduating magna cum laude from Occidental College, Dr. Parker studied the history of the French Revolution of 1789 under Timothy Tackett at UC Irvine. Her research focused on the experience of everyday life, including within the private domains of family and friendship. Her chief source was a body of correspondence of more than a thousand letters, penned mostly by Rosalie Jullien, the wife and mother of political elites. That research became Writing the Revolution: A French Woman’s History in Letters, published by Oxford University Press in 2013. She has also published in the Journal of Women’s History and Journal of Historical Biography. This body of work illustrates her interest in women’s history, the history of epistolography, and the interplay of autobiographical and historical narratives.

Dr. Parker teaches a variety of European and World history courses. Her students are supported in their close reading of primary sources that help them uncover the experiences of real people living in times of great transition. Her courses emphasize the interdependent skills of close reading, analytical writing, and critical thinking.

Lindsay P. D'Andrea

Lindsay D’Andrea is a member of the Municipal and Special Districts Law Practice Group, where she draws on her diverse experience in public law to counsel clients in all aspects of municipal law. For example, Lindsay serves as supporting counsel to the Tri‐Valley Transportation Council, Alameda County Transportation Commission, Ventura County Transportation Commission and the Santa Cruz County Regional Transportation Commission.

Prior to joining Meyers Nave in 2014, Lindsay served as a Neighborhood Law Corps Attorney for the City of Oakland. In this role, Lindsay represented the City of Oakland on both active litigation and administrative matters. Her practice focused on a wide-range of areas, including administrative citations, blighted properties, general nuisance abatement, bankruptcy, and others. Also during her tenure with the City of Oakland, Lindsay drafted proposed city ordinances, resolutions and attendant policy reports, as well as developed her knowledge of City Charter and Council rules, the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), the Brown Act, and Community Facilities District (CFD) formation.

Lindsay has a long-standing commitment to and passion for public law. While in law school, she was a summer law clerk for the City of Chicago Department of Law and an extern for the Athens-Clark County Attorney’s Office.

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/>Sgt. 1st Class Will Lindsay, 33, of Cortez, Colorado, died March 22, 2019, in Kunduz, Afghanistan. (Army/Courtesy Photo)

Collette had been in the Army since November 2010, and stationed at Fort Carson since June 2012, according to his service records.

Afghanistan was Collette’s first deployment.

“The 71st Ordnance Group (EOD) is deeply saddened by the loss of Spc. Joseph P. Collette. We extend our deepest sympathies and condolences to his family and friends,” Col. David Green, commander of 71st Ordnance Group, said in a statement.

Collete arrived in Afghanistan Dec. 27. He was a recipient of the Purple Heart, the Combat Action Badge and the Senior Explosive Ordnance Disposal Badge.

Lindsay’s deployments include five tours to Iraq supporting Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation New Dawn to Tajikistan in 2016 supporting a counter-narcotics terrorism mission and Afghanistan supporting Operation Freedom’s Sentinel.

/>Spc. Joseph P. Collette, 29, of Lancaster, Ohio, died March 22, of wounds sustained when his unit encountered enemy fire while serving in Afghanistan. (Army/Courtesy Photo)

Lindsay attended static-line and military free-fall parachute training. He also graduated from a range of other special operations training programs, including Special Operations Target Interdiction Course and Special Forces Intelligence Sergeant Course.

Lindsay’s awards and decorations include the Bronze Star Medal with four Oak Leaf Clusters, a Purple Heart, the NATO Medal, the Special Forces Tab, the Combat Infantryman Badge, the Military Free Fall Jumpmaster Badge, the Master Parachutist Badge and the Chilean Airborne Wings.

Lindsay is survived by his wife and four daughters.

Two other Americans have been killed in Afghanistan this year: Army Ranger Sgt. Cameron Meddock and Army Green Beret Sgt. 1st Class Joshua “Zach” Beale. Both were killed in January.

Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development is a theory introduced in the 1950s by the psychologist and psychoanalyst Erik Erikson. It built upon Freud’s theory of psychosexual development਋y drawing parallels in childhood stages while expanding it to include the influence of social dynamics as well as the extension of psychosocial development into adulthood.[1] It posits eight sequential stages of individual human development influenced by biological, psychological, and social factors throughout the lifespan. This bio-psychosocial approach has influenced several fields of study, including gerontology, personality development, identity formation, life cycle development, and more.[2][3]

Stages arise as individuals grow and face new decisions and turning points during childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Each stage is defined by two opposing psychological tendencies – one positive/syntactic and negative/dystonic. From this develops an ego virtue/strength or maldevelopment, respectively. If the virtue is adopted, it can help to resolve the current decision or conflict. It will also help subsequent stages of development and contribute to a stable foundation for core belief systems in relating to the self and the outer world.[3] The opposite is true with the adoption of the maldeveloped quality.

As an example, the ego identity crystallizes in stage 5, during adolescence. The two opposing qualities are ego identity and confusion/diffusion. Those who develop ego identity yield the virtue of fidelity, while the inability to do so – ego confusion – creates a quality of repudiation. With a stronger sense of ego identity, the interaction with the outer and inner world is of rejecting incongruent evaluations of self and a decreased level of anxiety, respectively.[4]

While adopting the syntonic attribute is clearly beneficial in this example, doing so should be done within reason. Extreme ego identity can become fanaticism, which can create unhealthy interactions with the self and others. One must navigate the two opposing values in each stage to find a balance, instead of only striving for the positive quality. Straying too far towards the positive tendency can be maladaptive, while leaning too far toward the negative can be malignant.[3]

Some scholars have attempted to confine stages to specific ages, but Erikson did not initially define this. Instead, there are periods within childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Each stage provides an example in which the positive attribute may be furthered.

Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Lindsay, Alexander (d.1607)

LINDSAY, ALEXANDER, first Lord Spynie (d. 1607), was the fourth son of David, tenth earl of Crawford, by his wife Margaret Beaton, daughter of the cardinal, and was brother of David, eleventh earl of Crawford [q. v.] At an early age he became one of James VI's favourites, and was chosen his vice-chamberlain. According to Moysie, ‘being ane great courtier,’ he on 2 Nov. 1588 ‘tuik the gift of the king's guard over the Master of Glamis' head’ (Memoirs, p. 71). In October of the following year he accompanied the king when he went to Denmark to bring home his bride. Towards the expenses of the expedition he lent a thousand crowns to the king, who promised on his return ‘to make him a lord.’ On 6 May 1590, therefore, he received a charter of Spynie and other lands belonging to the see of Moray, which were erected into the free barony of Spynie, together with the title of Baron Spynie, which was conferred on him and his heirs and assignees, the creation being confirmed on 4 Nov. following (ib. p. 85). The king also used his special influence (see several curious letters by him in Lord Lindsay's Lives of the Lindsays) to induce Dame Jean Lyon, daughter of Lord Glamis, and widow first of Sir Robert Douglas, and secondly of Archibald, earl of Angus, to agree to give Lord Spynie her hand in marriage. The royal mediation was ultimately successful, and Lord Spynie, after the marriage, took up his residence at Aberdour, where he lived in great splendour ( Row , History of the Kirk, p. 170).

Lord Spynie was one of the new members of the privy council, chosen after the ​ reconstitution of the council in June 1592. On 15 Aug. following he was accused by Colonel Stewart of having resetted [i.e. harboured] the turbulent Earl of Bothwell [see Hepburn, Francis Stewart , fifth Earl ]. Spynie offered to fight the accuser, but this the king would not permit, and after a day had been appointed for the trial, Stewart was committed to Edinburgh ( Calderwood , v. 174) or Blackness Castle ( Moysie , p. 96), and Spynie to Stirling Castle (ib.) At the trial the accuser failed to proceed to probation and when after postponement he again declined to proceed, Spynie was set at liberty. Stewart's accusation had, however, so disturbed the king—who was always in mortal dread of being betrayed to Bothwell—that Spynie never regained his entire confidence. When, on 24 July of the following year, Bothwell made his appearance before the king at Holyrood Palace, Spynie was one of those who interceded for him ( Calderwood , v. 256 Moysie , p. 103). On 27 Dec. 1593–4 he was denounced for not appearing to answer charges touching ‘certain treasonable practices and correspondence’ (Reg. P. C. Scotl. v. 114) and on 24 Feb. following proclamation was made against holding intercourse with him and ‘other adherents of Bothwell’ (ib. p. 132). Not long after he made his peace with the king, and on 27 Nov. 1595 was present at a meeting of the privy council (ib. p. 234), but their relations were never again quite cordial. On 18 Nov. 1599 he had to promise the council to present Sir Walter Lindsay of Balgavie [q. v.], a papal emissary, before the presbytery of Edinburgh, and was ordered to reside where they directed him until he satisfied them in reference to his religion (ib. vi. 33). In 1600 ‘ane greit trouble’ fell out between Lord Spynie and the Ogilvies which, though the council did its utmost to settle it, ultimately resulted on 30 Jan. 1602–3 in a night attack by the Master of Ogilvie and his brother on the house of Lord Spynie at Kinblethmont. After blowing up the principal gate with a petard, the assailants searched the house for Lord Spynie and his wife to ‘murder them.’ Finding they had escaped, the Ogilvies spoiled the mansion of its furniture and plate (ib. pp. 519–20). On the revival of the ancient bishopric of Moray in 1605, Spynie, at the request of the king, resigned the temporalities, but the patronage of the living was reserved to the family. While, on 5 June 1607, at the foot of the stair of his lodgings in the High Street of Edinburgh, ‘recreating himself after his supper,’ Spynie was witness to an encounter between his kinsmen, the Master of Crawford, and the younger Lindsay of Edzell. He endeavoured to interpose to prevent bloodshed and was slain by the young laird of Edzell by ‘a pitiful mistake.’ The incident, with much distortion of fact, is narrated in the old ballad of ‘Lord Spynie.’ According to Spotiswood, Spynie's death ‘was much regretted for the good parts he had, and the hope his friends conceived that he should have raised again that noble and ancient house of Crawford to the former splendour and dignity’ (History, Spotiswood Society, 3rd edit. p. 191).

By his wife, Jean Lyon, Spynie had two sons—Alexander Lindsay, second lord [q. v.], and John, who died young—and two daughters: Anne, married to Sir Robert Graham of Invermay, and Margaret, to John Erskine of Dun.

[Moysie's Memoirs (Bannatyne Club) Histories of Calderwood, Spotiswood, and Row Reg. P. C. Scotl. vols. v–vi Pitcairn's Criminal Trials of Scotland, vol. i. Douglas's Scottish Peerage (Wood), ii. 517–18 Lord Lindsay's Lives of the Lindsays Jervise's Lands of the Lindsays Lindsay Pedigree, by W. A. Lindsay, in the College of Arms.]

Checking In on All the Famous Men on Lindsay Lohan's Infamous Sex List 5 Years Later

Swan Gallet/WWD/Shutterstock

No offense to Angie, but the only list we care about is Lindsay Lohan's infamous sex list.

Oh, you forgot about the list? Don't worry, we remember it. Rather than store dates, you know, like the birthdays of beloved family members or the deadline for filing taxes, we hold onto the truly important ones. For example: March 12, 2014, a day we look back on as L-Day, when InTouch Weekly printed a list of *alleged* famous conquests written by Lohan, with only 18 names revealed and the remaining 18 blurred out. (All written on a Scattegories playing card, a very important detail.)

"Dozens of top stars panic" their cover story boldly claimed of the list being revealed, going onto ask, "What will they tell their wives and girlfriends?"

Of course, people went nuts, speculating on the details behind the exposed names and guessing which celebrities' names were still blurred. A week later, on March 19, the tabloid revealed 12 more names, with several A-listers included.

As for the remaining six names? Well, they've never been revealed. Consider it one of Hollywood's biggest unsolved mysteries.

The alleged list was made legit, thanks to Oprah Winfrey. Yes, really.

You see, at the time of the list's scandalous leak, Lohan was starring on Lindsay, her OWN reality show that documented her recovery and attempt to revitalize her career. At least, that's what its original concept was, before it became clear that this was more like a documentation of Oprah's growing frustration with the Mean Girls star.

Aside from giving the world the infamous scene of the media mogul laying into Lohan—"You need to cut the bulls--t!"—it also was responsible for InTouch getting its hands on the handwritten list. At least according to Lohan, who confirmed that she did in fact list all of the men sheɽ been with during an appearance on Watch What Happens Live to promote Lindsay.

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"You know, I'm going to get serious for a second," the actress told Andy Cohen when he playfully brought up the list.

"That was actually my fifth step in AA at Betty Ford. And someone, when I was moving during the OWN show, must have taken a photo of it. And so that's a really personal thing and it's really unfortunate," she said, "I talk about it on the last episode on the OWN show, so to be continued."

Tackling the scandal head-on and shamelessly plugging her show?! The range.

After the leak, some of the famous men listed denied it, some copped to it and some flat-out ignored it. But, being the human garbage disposals we are when it comes to all things celebrities and pop culture, we could never forget it, so we decided to check in on Lohan's list, five years later.

(And no offense to some of other men on the list, including some former athletes and artists, but we kept it to just the bigger names. So you can go shave your backs now/be grateful we didn't once again tie you to this list?)

James Franco was one of the few men to publicly deny hooking up with Lohan following the InTouch story, addressing it during an interview with LA Mag while promoting his book of poetry, which included several poems about the Just My Luck star.

"Lindsay herself has told lies about me with her people-she's-slept-with list!" he said of writing about her. "So I feel like what I said is much less than what she's said."

But it wasn't the first time he had spoken about not hooking up with Lohan, as he revealed he turned her down after meeting through mutual friends during a 2013 interview with Howard Stern before the list came out.

"I don't want to brag about it. I don't know how that got out," he said of rejecting her advances. "She was having issues even then, so you feel weird. Honestly, she was a friend. I've met a lot of people that are troubled and sometimes you don't want to do that. we were friends."

Post-List Life: The multi-hypenate starred in Hulu's limited series 11.22.63, before playing twin brothers on HBO's The Deuce. He earned a Golden Globe for his turn as The Room filmmaker Tommy Wiseau in 2016's The Disaster Artist, which he also directed. But soon after his win, the 40-year-old was accused of sexual misconduct by multiple women in a report from the LA Times.

He denied the allegations during an appearance on The Late Show With Stephen Colbert, saying, "In my life I pride myself on taking responsibility for things that I've done. I have to do that to maintain my well-being," Franco said. "I do it whenever I know that there's something wrong or needs to be changed, and I make it a point to do it. The things that I heard that were on Twitter are not accurate, but I completely support people coming out and being able to have a voice because they didn't have a voice for so long. So, I don't want to shut them down in anyway. It's, I think, a good thing, and I support it."

Since then, he's kept a low profile, but is still with Isabel Pakzad, a model he began dating in 2017.

Like Franco, the Maroon 5 frontman actually spoke out publicly about the list, denying it during a chat with Howard Stern.

"That's not true," he said, before going onto to pull a Bill Clinton: "I did not have sexual intercourse with Lindsay Lohan!"

When Stern said Franco also denied the allegation, Levine said, "That's because I think we're being truthful about that very specific thing. A lot of people probably did, I don't know."

Post-List Life: The 39-year-old is doing just fine, still serving as a coach on NBC's award-winning reality competition series The Voice and his band recently headlined the Super Bowl Halftime Show.

In July 2014, he married Victoria's Secret model Behati Prinsloo, and the couple have two children together: Dusty Rose, 2, and Gio Grace, 1.

Like we said: he's doing just fine.

OK, so back in 2008, there was a report that Lohan and Justin Timberlake had hooked up. Never confirmed. Never verified.

But it's in 2009 is when things really get juicy though, as Lohan and the "SexyBack" singer were allegedly both at Avenue Lounge in New York and afterwards Lindsay tweeted (then deleted) "where's jb cheater?," seemingly trying to put him on blast for cheating on Jessica Biel, his then-GF whom he had a brief split with in 2011.

Arguably the biggest names on the list, Timberlake nor Biel have never addressed his inclusion/Lohan's tweets.

Life Post-List: Timberlake and Biel married in a romantic ceremony in southern Italy, one year before the leaked list.

"I think it's important to remember that you go into something like marriage knowing that you don't know very much about it at all," Timberlake he said in 2012 after getting hitched. "But I do look at the marriage of my mother and stepdad, and what makes it work for them is that it's a team effort."

And in April 2015, welcomed son Silas.

We still LOL over Lohan misspelling the High School Musical star's name. The two former Disney stars were clearly friends ahead of the list scandal, with Efron even saying Lohan was "the best" at the premiere of Charlie St. Cloud.

And on the L-day, Efron was asked about his inclusion by a paparazzo. Alas, he just smiled, but refused to answer. Lohan plead the fifth when asked about people on the list, including Efron, on Watch What Happens Live.

Life Post-List: Still no "K" in his name, the heartthrob found comedy success with Neighbors and Baywatch and finally returned to his musical roots in 207's The Greatest Showman. And he's also getting into the true crime game in Netflix's Extremely Wicked, Shocking Evil, and Vile as notorious serial killer Ted Bundy. (The Internet thinks he may be too hot to play Bundy. Discuss!)

In his personal life, just a few weeks after the list was revealed, Efron made headlines after getting into an alleged physical altercation with homeless men on Skid Row in Downtown L.A., one year after he checked into rehab.

In terms of his love life, he dated model Sami Miro for two years before splitting up in 2016.

"It wasn't an easy breakup," a source told E! News of the split. "Distance and work schedules got in the way with their relationship and Zac wanted to focus on his career."

But now, Efron, 31, seems ready to be in a relationship, as he's reportedly dating Olympic swimmer Sarah Bro, 23.

"Orli Bloom"'s name being outed was both surprising and not surprising, as they were both coming up on the Hollywood scene around the same time, but there were never any reports or sightings of the duo together. They were both targeted by the infamous Bling Ring, so perhaps they commiserated over that ordeal together?

Around the same time of the list drama, Bloom was just coming out of his relationship with Miranda Kerr, the Victoria's Secret model he was married to for three years before the couple split in 2013. Also important: he was rumored to have hooked up with Selena Gomez the same month the list came out. (March 2014 seemed to be quite a tabloid peak or valley [depending on your perspective] for The Pirates of the Caribbean star.)

Post-List Life: He's engaged to Katy Perry! Bloom proposed to the pop singer on Valentine's Day, a little over three years after they first met at a Golden Globes after party. After a short break, Bloom got down on one knee with a $5 million engagement ring, officially giving new meaning to the term "bling ring."

After first striking up a friendship in 2011, Tortorella, who had been dating pilates instructor Bethany Meyers on-and-off since 2006, popping up on Lohan's list wasn't too much of a surprise, seeing as how he fake proposed to her in 2013.

In a since deleted Instagram post, Lohan captioned a pic of Tortorella on bended knee as "my first proposal," just ahead of one of her stints in rehab.

Post-List Life: Tortorella has starred on TVLand's beloved drama Younger since it premiered in 2015 and he's in the show's major love triangle. In real-life, he married Meyers in "genderbending" outfits in March 2018, after revealing he was sexually fluid and identifies as pansexual.

"If you had to label it, Nico and I are in a queer polyamorous relationship," Meyers wrote in the LGBTQ publication them. "Labels that help people understand, but not labels that define us. Most think we planned this and one day decided we would be multiple-love kind of people. We didn't. It's just the way our relationship developed over 12 years."

Though he's now married, Tortorella is still super close with Lohan, even recently popping up on her MTV reality show, Lindsay Lohan's Lohan Beach Club, on which her business partner spilled some interesting tea: "Nico has been in Lindsay's life for a long time, they were engaged before." Lohan confirmed the news, saying, "Yes, we were engaged."

Who knows if she was serious, but she went onto say, "We're like brother and sister when we're together. Nico was really special to me, I think he's a great guy, he's respectful."

Well, No one was all that surprised by Colin Farrell's name being on the list, as they were spotted partying together a few times in 2004. Lohan was far from the last tabloid magnet Farrell was spotted with, as he was also linked to Britney Spears, Carmen Electra and his Alexander co-star Angelina Jolie.

Lohan did make an appearance during Farrell's 2004 hosting stint on Saturday Night Live, which poked fun at his way with the ladies by having him give pointers to some of the cast members. Lohan appeared as a way for Farrell to show off his pick-up techniques. "I'll be in your dressing room," she tells him by the end of the bit.

A decade later though, the Irish actor was in a different place in his life after going to rehab in 2008, with his rep telling E! News they "ignore gossip older than nine years old."

Post List-Life: The former Hollywood bad boy has fully reformed and has been open about his struggles with addiction, even checking himself into a treatment facility in 2018 as a "preemptive" measure just after celebrating a decade of sobriety the previous year.

"I began to come out of the haze that I was in and had burrowed myself into so deeply," he said back in 2008 of getting sober. "Basically, Iɽ been fairly drunk or high since I was 14. I was very drunk and high for 16 years, so it was a tough life change, and I was dying. I'm one of the lucky ones."

Professionally, the 42-year-old father of two has starred in critically acclaimed indies like The Lobster and The Beguiled, as well as major blockbusters like Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them and the upcoming live-action take on Disney's Dumbo.

We're pretty sure this is who Lohan meant when she wrote "J. Pheonix" on her list, as the two were rumored to have hooked up in 2006 and then were also spotted together in 2010, during his whole I'm Still Here phase, during which he said he was quitting acting to become a rapper but then pretended it was all for a movie directed by Casey Affleck? Sorry for reminding you that that exists.

Post-List Life: Alas, he did not pursue a rap career, and returned to acting, and will next take on the role of the Joker in a standalone movie about the DC Comics' iconic villain's transition from stand-up comic to murderous psychopath. And he might be dating Rooney Mara, after playing Jesus to her Mary Magdalene in a 2018 film. Feels pretty on-brand for both of them.

Ashton Kutcher earned the honor of landing the first name listed on the list, which came out just after his engagement to Mila Kunis was confirmed.

While he's never publicly sounded off on the alleged hookup, the National Enquirer ran a story in that the duo had a quick fling before they went on to co-star in 2006's Bobby. Making things potentially awkward? The film also starred Kutcher's then-wife Demi Moore the couple wed in 2005 before announcing their split in 2011. Given the film's narrative structure, none of its three stars shared any scenes together.

Of course, Kutcher co-starred with Wilmer Valderrama, whom Lohan dated for a few months in 2003-04 (their relationship went public after she turned 18), on That ❰s Show from 1998-2006.

Post List-Life: In July 2015, the former That ❰s Show co-stars got married in a private ceremony, months after welcoming their first child, a daughter named Wyatt. And in November 2016, Kunis and Kutcher's son Dimitri was born.

While he's currently starring Netflix's hit sitcom The Ranch, Kutcher's more interested in being a tech entrepreneur and philanthropy these days, a far cry from his Punkɽ days.

"For me, the difference has become doing things that have some level of social relevance," Kutcher, 41, explained to Dax Shepard on his Armchair Expert podcast. "that have the potential to leave an imprint and change the way people see something or think about something."

One of the few official boyfriends included on the list, That ❰s Show star, then 24, was by the then-18-year-old Lohan's side when she was hospitalized for exhaustion back in 2004. "He was the first [famous guy]," Lohan told Howard Stern in January 2019 of her romance with Valderrama, going in to call him a "good guy."

They dated for "like a year and a half" and she even guest-starred on his show. But after their split, he discussed their sex life in great detail during an interview with—who else?—Howard Stern in 2006. (He later said he regretted talking about his previous romances.)

Soon after the list came out, Lohan revealed on Ellen's show that her song "Over It" off of debut album was about Valderrama, though it isn't the only song their relationship inspired: Ashlee Simpson revealed in 2018 that her hit song "Boyfriend" was in fact denying the 2005 rumor that Valderrama broke up with Lohan for her. Ahhh, sweet nostalgia.

Post List-Life: When Lohan's list was leaked, Valderrama was in a pretty serious relationship with Demi Lovato, whom he also started dating when she turned 18. By 2015, marriage seemed to be in the couple's future, with Lovato saying "I am very, very in love with him" during an interview on a New Zealand radio station. "I think—we will probably wait a little bit longer, but—if he asked tomorrow I would say yes."

But after six years together, they called it quits in June 2016. Still, Valderrama was remained a part of the singer's support system, including being there for her during her drug overdose and rehab stay last summer.

On job front, Valderrama joined the cast of NCIS, TV's No. 1 network drama, in 2016, and has guest-starred on former co-star Ashton Kutcher's Netflix show The Ranch.

Lohan reportedly hooked up with the Cruel Intentions star in 2007, shortly after his split from Reese Witherspoon. (Another misspelled name, BTW, as Lohan only had one "L" in his last name, which. fair.)

Per Us Weekly, Lohan "loved the drama" of it all. Per Phillippe in a 2008 interview with Howard Stern addressing the report, the MTV reality star "wanted" him but denied a hookup.

Post List-Life: Phillippe went to the small screen in the wake of LiLo List-gate, starring in ABC's Secrets and Lies before USA Network's Shooter from 2016 to 2018.

As for his love life, he was engaged to law student Paulina Slagte for a few years before calling it quits in 2016. Then, Phillippe rumored to have hooked up with Katy Perry in 2017, but he hilariously denied it by tweeting, "I am not dating Katy Perry. Barely know her. Please stop flying helicopters over my house. She is not here. Thx."

Perry joined in on the fun, responding, "Can you let me out of this basement pls?" She then added, "Hi, @RyanPhillippe, nice to meet you. Sorry about that. Carry on."

Later that year, though, his ex-girlfriend Elsie Hewitt filed a $1 million assault lawsuit against the 44-year-old father of two, with the Play Miss June 2017 alleging he kicked and punched her during a fight over the summer. An "utterly devastated" Phillippe denied the claim, with his rep calling it "utterly false" and an "unjustified attempt to extort money from Phillippe, and to gain publicity for herself and her modeling career."

And in December 2018, Phillippe tweeted a a few non-sequiturs while on vacation, with one calling out an unnamed opportunist ex going on to receive some attention.

"hey. if you're an ex of mine, stop asking people you met through me for free stuff, cuz i don't, n it's a BAD look for you. love ryan. ever bod keep being like, 'your ex callin for free s--t and we don't know her like that. smh," he griped. "frankly, i'm tired of hearing ab it. find ya own.'"

In 2006, around the first time of the Irish model's first acting gig in Marie Antoinette, Jamie was rumored to have had a "fling" with Lohan as the two were spotted—gasp!—holding hands. Jamie's rep tells E! News, "We don't comment on our client's personal lives."

Life Post-List: He became a worldwide superstar, thanks to his turn as Christian Grey in the 50 Shades of Grey series.

And after married Amelia Warner in 2013, the couple have welcomed two daughters Dulcie, 5, and Elva, 3, and they are expecting their third child. "Being a dad is the best," Dornan told the Sunday Times.

Following the arrival of his daughter, Delilah, with (his maybe one-time girlfriend/hookup?) socialite Kimberly Stewart in 2011, Oscar winner Benicio Del Toro once again found himself in the tabloids when "B.Del Torro" was included on the list, with a 2006 report about their alleged hookup resurfacing.

The two reportedly met at a birthday party when Lohan was 19, though her reps denied the rumored encounter while graciously calling Del Toro a "wonderful" man in a statement to the Daily News.

Post-List Life: The actor has had a bit of a resurgence since the list. He's now in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (Thanks to Guardians of the Galaxy) and was introduced into the Stars Wars franchise in The Last Jedi. And the 52-year-old star is set to voice Swiper in upcoming Dora the Explorer movie.

One of the more surprising names on the list was Evan Peters, who became the Internet's boyfriend when American Horror Story first debuted in 2011. Prior to that, he was mostly known for his smaller roles in films such as the superhero flick Kick-Ass and the teen comedy Sleepover. We couldn't figure out a connection to LiLo then and we still can't now, truly one of the great mysteries of our generation.

When the list came out, Peters was engaged to his Adult World co-star Emma Roberts, who would go on to star opposite him in AHS' future installments, proposing over the Christmas holiday in 2013.

Post List-Life. Still engaged to Emma Roberts (despite a brief split! Still on American Horror Story! Oh, and he also became a superhero himself, thanks to his buzzy turn as Quicksilver in the X-Men franchise.

Lohan's on-screen love interest in 2007's Georgia Rule was not amused by his name being listed!

"I told In Touch that was completely not true and they chose to run it anyway," his rep said. "They worked in a film together. That's it. So annoying!"

Post-List Life: On the acting front, Hedlund starred as a young Captain Hook in 2015's box office disappointment Pan, the critically acclaimed Mudbound and most recently, he's co-starring with Ben Affleck, Oscar Isaac and Charlie Hunnam in Netflix's Triple Frontier (aka he was present on the beach when Affleck's infamous back tat was snapped).

As far as romances? After meeting Kirsten Dunst in 2011 on the set of On the Road, Hedlund dated the Fargo star for four years before breaking up in 2016.

Back in 2009, Lohan made headlines after she allegedly hooked up with Leonardo DiCaprio at a club in Los Angeles, later attending an after-party at the Oscar winner's house. Lohan responded to the rumors by telling Gossip Gop, "Hahahaha. You couldn't be more wrong." When the list came out, it made sense that her laughter over the assumption that she was hooking up with DiCaprio was because she was actually with his BFF/eternal wing man Lukas Haas.

Post-List Life: Professionally, Haas has had parts in Leo's The Revenant and First Man opposite Ryan Gosling, but really left an impression on audiences in 2018's Widows.

oh, and he's still Leo's ride-or-die. Obviously.

The former Nickelodeon star was best known for his relationships with other starlets (Brittany Snow from 2008-2010 and Victoria Justice from 2011-2013) when the list first surfaced. Oh, and he was best friends with Zac Efron, so.

Life Post-List: Um, he's still one of Zac Efron's friends? Aside from that, Rottman's Instagram bio says he is "Actor/Producer/Entrepreneur/Drinker/Butterfly Therapist." Since 2014, he's starred in some short films and had bit roles in other projects, including an upcoming Amazon show about college football produced by Aaron Rodgers.

He's currently dating Shelby Bay, an Instagram model.

Generous use of the word famous when compared to the other stars listed, but the Greek shipping tycoon heir had previously dated Paris Hilton (harshly dumping Mary-Kate Olsen for her), with his rumored hook-up with LiLo causing their infamous feud. "Firecrotch" ring a bell?

Post-List Life: After inadvertently gifting us with some true gossip gems in the aughts, it seems Niarchos has quietly retreated back into life as a billionaire. While he was engaged to Victoria's Secret model Jessica Hart, she confirmed their split on Instagram Q&A in 2018, saying their "journey ran its course" and that the breakup was "completely amicable."

A quick Google search let everyone know he is one of the guys in Coldplay who is not Chris Martin!

Post-List Life: Still one of the guys in Coldplay who is not Chris Martin!

5 She was trained like a warrior

As a teenager, Lindsay was adopted by Sergeant Hank Voight and his family - giving her an early introduction to the strict regiments of police work. The Voight family put her in a good school: St Ignatius School.

When the other students found out about her difficult childhood, she became the target of bullying, which she chose to put up with because she didn't want to disappoint Voight. As kind-hearted as he was towards her, Voight was also strict and disciplined in his attitude towards parenting.


The most audacious burglary gang in recent Hollywood history&mdashaccused of stealing more than $3 million in clothing and jewelry from Paris Hilton, Lindsay Lohan, and other stars&mdashappears to be a bunch of club-hopping Valley kids, motivated by vanity and celebrity-worship


The most audacious burglary gang in recent Hollywood history&mdashaccused of stealing more than $3 million in clothing and jewelry from Paris Hilton, Lindsay Lohan, and other stars&mdashappears to be a bunch of club-hopping Valley kids, motivated by vanity and celebrity-worship

A lexis Neiers told cops that she and Nick Prugo had been drinking at Beso, a trendy bar-restaurant on Hollywood Boulevard, when Prugo got a call from Rachel Lee telling him to come and meet her. It was July 13, 2009. Neiers said she knew that Prugo and Lee&mdashboth 19 and former classmates at Indian Hills, an alternative high school in Agoura Hills, an affluent suburb of Los Angeles&mdashhad been burglarizing the homes of celebrities. This “included Paris Hilton, Lindsay Lohan, Rachel Bilson, Audrina Patridge, and others she was not sure about,” according to the L.A.P.D.’s report.

Neiers, 18, said that she was drunk and “not sure what was going on” as Prugo parked his white Toyota on the road by a house in the Hollywood Hills. Later, she said, she would find out that it was the home of Pirates of the Caribbean star Orlando Bloom. Her friends knew that Bloom was in New York shooting a movie they researched this kind of information on celebrity Web sites like TMZ. They discovered the locations of stars’ homes on Google Maps and

Neiers said that Lee and another girl, Diana Tamayo, 19, got out of Lee’s white Audi A4, and the four kids walked uphill to Bloom’s residence, a stark, black mansion. Neiers didn’t want to go inside, she said, but still she followed. She told police that Prugo, Lee, and Tamayo seemed to be covering their faces with their hoodies, apparently in order to hide from security cameras. Lee cut a section out of the chain-link fence surrounding the property, Neiers said, and the kids crawled through it.

She said they went around the house, checking windows and doors, finally finding an unlocked door by Bloom’s pool area. They went inside and the other kids started to “ransack” Bloom’s home, according to Neiers. That night, they would allegedly steal close to $500,000 in Rolex watches, Louis Vuitton luggage, clothing, and artwork. “What are you doing? Get me the fuck out of here,” Neiers said she screamed. Then she went outside and threw up and peed in the bushes.

/>STEALING BEAUTY Eighteen-year-old Alexis Neiers, days after her arraignment for being an alleged member of the Bling Ring.

The Fame Monster

O n November 16, Neiers arrived at Los Angeles Superior Court for her arraignment with an E! reality crew in tow. Her show, originally intended to be about her life as a party girl on the Hollywood scene, had now become a chronicle of her effort to stay out of jail. She was being charged that day with one count of residential burglary of Orlando Bloom’s home. In the media, she was being called a member of “the Burglar Bunch,” “the Bling Ring,” nicknames for the most successful and outrageous burglary gang in recent Hollywood memory: a gang of well-off kids from the Valley.

Camera crews from local news stations, Good Morning America, Dateline NBC, and TMZ were waiting outside Department 30 on the third floor of the courthouse. Producers from various shows murmured as Neiers&mdasha former hip-hop- and pole-dancing instructor&mdashsat calmly on a bench, allowing a makeup woman to touch her up.

A leggy girl with long, dark hair and shimmering blue-green eyes, Neiers was wearing a tweed miniskirt, a pink sweater, and six-inch Christian Louboutin heels. “I have a pretty cool shoe collection going on right now,” she said.

The L.A.P.D.’s report on the Bling Ring states that Nick Prugo told cops that Rachel Lee&mdasha Korean-American girl from Calabasas, a wealthy suburb in the Valley&mdash was “the driving force of the burglary crew and that her motivation was based on her desire to own the designer wardrobes of the Hollywood celebrities she admired.” Charged in the case are Neiers Prugo Lee Tamayo their friend Courtney Ames, 19 and Roy Lopez Jr., 27, a bouncer Ames knew from a waitressing job. (All have pleaded not guilty, except for Lee, whose arraignment was pending at press time.)

Between October of 2008 and August of 2009, the alleged members of the Bling Ring collectively stole more than $3 million in jewelry and high-end designer goods from a number of Young Hollywood players: Hilton, Lohan, Patridge (a regular on the reality show The Hills), Bilson (former star of The O.C.), original Beverly Hills 90210 cast member Brian Austin Green and his girlfriend, actress Megan Fox. They are said to have tried to rob High School Musical’s, Ashley Tisdale too, but fled when discovered by a female houseguest.

The thieves apparently had a taste for luxury brands: Chanel, Gucci, Tiffany, Cartier, Prada, Marc Jacobs, Dolce & Gabbana, Burberry, Yves Saint Laurent. They allegedly stole clothes, shoes, handbags, makeup, perfume, underwear. They also took Green’s Sig Sauer .380 semi-automatic handgun.

At her lawyer’s office, a week before her arraignment, Neiers denied any involvement in the burglaries. “I’m a firm believer in Karma,” she said, “and I think this situation was attracted into my life because it was supposed to be a huge learning lesson for me to grow and expand as a spiritual human being. I see myself being like an Angelina Jolie,” she said, “but even stronger, pushing even harder for the universe and for peace and for the health of our planet.” She was sounding almost like a real celebrity. “God didn’t give me these talents and looks to just sit around being a model or being famous. I want to lead a huge charity organization. I want to lead a country, for all I know.”

Moments before her arraignment began, a news producer approached, asking Neiers for an interview. “I’m going to make a statement on the courthouse steps,” the pretty defendant promised. She runway-walked into the courtroom as the cameras started rolling.

The Rat

N ick Prugo has a different take on the events of the night of the Bloom burglary. “We didn’t even go to Beso that night,” he said. A slender boy with an angular face and small brown eyes, he was sitting in front of the fire at the Encino home of his lawyer, Sean Erenstoft, on a rainy night in December.

Charged with seven counts of residential burglary, each bringing a possible sentence of two to six years, Prugo is potentially facing serious time. In October, he confessed to police without first getting a deal. For weeks after he was arrested, on September 17 (after being fingered by a tipster), he denied everything but then, he says, he was finding it difficult to breathe, sleep, eat&mdash“I was even losing my hair.”

“He confessed to crimes we didn’t even know he committed,” Officer Brett Goodkin, the lead investigator in the case, said on the phone. “Even though I was charged with more, you know, things,” Prugo said, “I still think it was the right thing to do.”

He said that on the night of the Bloom burglary “my parents were out of town. Alexis’s mom had kicked her out of the house. So Alexis moved in with me.” Neiers also told cops that her “mother kicked her out of her home.” Prugo, according to the L.A.P.D. report, said the reason was that Neiers had been smoking OxyContin. “Obviously it’s not true,” says Neiers. “Nick Prugo’s credibility is questionable at best,” says her lawyer, Jeffery Rubenstein.

“Miranda Kerr, a Victoria’s Secret model, was dating Orlando Bloom, and Rachel [Lee] wanted Victoria’s Secret model clothes,” said Prugo. Lee’s lawyer, Peter Korn, would say only, “I don’t want to participate in the media attention in this case.”

“We planned to meet” at Bloom’s, Prugo said. “Me and Alexis met Rachel and Diana. We went up to the house.” The surveillance video from Bloom’s residence on the night of the robbery shows four youthful-looking figures coming up a lamplit hill, all covering their heads with their arms and hoods while walking backward, apparently trying to hide their faces from security cameras. “How would a drunk person, so sick, throwing up,” as Neiers claimed she was, “be walking backwards up a hill?,” Prugo asked.

Whenever they robbed celebrities’ homes, Prugo said, it went like this: “You grabbed a suitcase and filled it up with whatever you wanted.” He said Lee called it “going shopping.” “In [Bloom’s] master bedroom, Rachel found a stash of Rolexes and, like, fifteen hundred dollars. Alexis grabbed a Louis Vuitton laptop-size bag and she was rocking it as a purse. Miranda Kerr had a dress there by Alex Perry&mdashlike, a one-of-a-kind runway dress. She took that.”

The Bloom surveillance video shows two of the four figures coming and going up and down the hill with large bags several times between three and four A.M. The bags are so unwieldy that one of the figures stumbles. Prugo said that he and Neiers left around five A.M., but Lee and Tamayo went back inside because, Lee said, “I want artwork ’cause I’m moving to Vegas and I want stuff to decorate my house.’ ”

Some time later, Prugo said, he sold most of Bloom’s Rolexes to Johnny Ajar&mdash a.k.a. “Johnny Dangerous,” and, according to the police report, their “fence”&mdasha thuggish ex-con and promoter at Les Deux who would allegedly get Prugo and his underage friends into the club. When cops searched Ajar’s home, they found Brian Austin Green’s pistol. Ajar is now in Los Angeles’s Twin Tower Correctional Facility, charged with possession of narcotics and a firearm. “He gave us $5,000 for, like, 10 Rolexes,” Prugo said, “which is I guess a ripoff now that I think of it.”

Ajar’s lawyer, Michael Goldstein, says, “I find it troubling that Prugo, who according to most of the players is the mastermind of these burglaries along with Lee, is now implicating everyone else while my client remains incarcerated.”

“I Loved Her”

I t was left to the adults dealing with the aftermath of the Bling Ring&mdashcops, lawyers, the victims&mdashto ask “Why?” “Why did they do this?” asked Audrina Patridge, whose home was burglarized on February 22, 2009, Oscar night. “I watched the surveillance videos,” she said, “expecting it to be these big scary guys, and instead it was these two kids”&mdashallegedly Lee and Prugo.

In the grainy video, a girl and boy who seem to resemble Prugo and Lee enter Patridge’s Hollywood Hills home (they got in through an unlocked door). They pick through her things. The girl looks composed the boy looks jumpy.

“They took bags and bags of stuff,” Patridge said. “They took my great-grandma’s jewelry, my passport, my laptop, jeans made to fit my body to my perfect shape.” The estimated value of her stolen property was $43,000. Patridge said she believes the thieves were motivated by her fame. “Rachel Lee was a big fan of me. I was her target,” she said she’d heard from cops. “She’s a little obsessed girl, I gotta tell you. She’s going to get what she deserves.”

“Were teenagers too enthralled by stars?” asked The New York Times. “They did it for the money. This was their job,” said Officer Goodkin, who took over the case from detectives when Prugo’s lawyer approached him with his client’s confession. But Goodkin said he was also struck by the “stalkerish” aspect of the crimes. “It may be a stretch, but is wanting to wear somebody’s clothes that different from wanting to wrap yourself up in their skin, like that guy in The Silence of the Lambs?”

Meanwhile, Prugo said that he and his accomplices never discussed “why.” “We just did it. I know it sounds dumb, but Rachel just wanted the clothes. She wanted to look pretty.” As for himself, Prugo said, “I was just following Rachel. I loved her almost like a sister.”

/>BURGLARS TO THE STARS Nineteen-year-olds Nick Prugo and Rachel Lee, alleged masterminds of the Bling Ring.

Nick and Rachel

N ick Prugo met Rachel Lee in 2006 at Indian Hills, where he had transferred after being kicked out of Calabasas High School for excessive absences. He was a troubled kid who had been diagnosed with A.D.H.D., for which he was prescribed Concerta, and “anxiety issues,” for which he was given Zoloft. He said that Lee was “the first person I felt was, like, my best friend.” They became “inseparable,” in constant contact, phoning, IMing, texting.

She was a fashionable girl whom Prugo and Neiers describe as “spoiled” and “haughty.” She had troubles of her own apparently she didn’t get along with her mother, Vickie Kwon, a North Korean immigrant and owner of two centers of the tutoring company Kumon. Prugo claims, “Rachel hates her stepfather,” whom her mother married when Lee was in her early teens. (Neither Lee nor Kwon responded to requests for comment.)

Around this time, Prugo said, he was also becoming estranged from his parents, Melva-Lynn and Frank, a senior vice president at IM Global, a film-and-television sales-and-distribution company, and the foreign sales agent for the low-budget blockbuster Paranormal Activity. “Me and my parents had a falling-out,” Prugo said, not wishing to elaborate. “I can’t blame them. Whatever I’ve done, it’s my responsibility.”

He said that he and his new friend, Lee, “bonded over fashion. I like fashion, I like clothes. I like to think that I’m a stylish guy.” He dreamed of designing his own line, as did Lee, who talked about attending the Fashion Institute of Design and Merchandising in L.A. “A lot of the Hills girls went there.”

Throughout the 10th grade, Prugo said, they were a couple of “carefree kids,” “smoking weed, hanging out at Zuma Beach, going to parties with a lot of under-age kids doing beer pong.” And then, that summer, things started to change, when Prugo said Lee proposed they rob the house of a boy in Woodland Hills whom Prugo knew to be out of town. “I’m like, O.K., whatever, just wanting to please her.”

“I’m in the house,” he said, “walking back and forth, freaking out. I mean, it’s weird to go through somebody’s things.” But Lee, he said, was always “very into it, focused”&mdashso relaxed that when they burglarized the home of Rachel Bilson, on May 9, Lee took the time to go into the bathroom and have a bowel movement.

At that first burglary in the Valley, Prugo said, Lee found a box with $8,000 in cash under a bed. Which calmed him down. “We each get four grand. Like, this isn’t so bad. We didn’t kill anybody.” The next day, they went shopping on Rodeo Drive.

Prugo said they fell into a nearly nightly ritual they called “checking cars”&mdashtaking credit cards and cash from unlocked Bentleys, Mercedeses, and other fancy rides parked in their neighborhood. The next day, they’d go shopping. “We’d go to, like, Kitson,” a Melrose boutique popular with starlets. “We’d walk in, stylized and beautiful. We’d use the cards&mdashno one would question.”

Meanwhile, Prugo said, he was developing a cocaine habit, “so I was also stealing for drugs.” (Arrested for possession in 2009, he’s entered into a Deferred Entry of Judgment program, hoping to get the charge dismissed. He says he’s clean now.)

He says he doesn’t remember exactly why he and Lee decided to start burglarizing celebrities’ homes, except that “these were women with, like, fashion sense. Rachel watched The Hills, Gossip Girl&mdashall those shows. She loved their clothes.” They started “checking up on celebrity Web sites. We’d be like a little research team.” They’d drive by celebrities’ homes to do surveillance, figuring out how to get in.

They picked Paris Hilton as their first victim, Prugo said, because they figured she was “dumb.” “Like, who would leave a door unlocked? Who would leave a lot of money lying around?”

One night in October of 2008, he says, he and Lee entered Hilton’s sprawling tile-roofed mansion in a gated community in the Hollywood Hills, opening the front door with a key they had found under the mat. “Stupid,” Prugo said, shrugging. He said he found the sensation of suddenly being in Hilton’s home “horrifying. There was that percentage of ‘Wow, this is Paris Hilton’s house,’ but as soon as I put my foot in the door I was just wanting to run out.”

He says he served as a lookout at the top of the stairs while Lee went into Hilton’s bedroom to search for valuables. “I was sweating unnaturally. Every five minutes, I was yelling, Let’s get the fuck out of here. She was like, It’s fine, it’s fine, let’s keep going.”

Lee took some expensive bras and a designer dress that night, he says (he can’t remember which there would be so many). They took a bottle of Grey Goose vodka from Hilton’s “nightclub room.” They took “crumpled cash,” he claims, “fifties, hundreds,” from Hilton’s purses.

The idea was to take so little that the heiress wouldn’t notice&mdashand so they could come back again. Hilton actually didn’t notice or at least didn’t report any of the Bling Ring burglaries until December 19, 2008, when Roy Lopez allegedly stole close to $2 million worth of her jewelry, stuffing it into one of her Louis Vuitton tote bags. Lopez has been charged with one count of residential burglary. His lawyer, David Diamond, says his client “did not steal anything” from Hilton.

“We found about, like, five grams of coke in Paris’s house” on another night, Prugo told police he says they snorted it and left. Then they “drove around Mulholland, having the best time of our lives.”

“I don’t know why anyone would listen to allegations made by a self-confessed thief,” said Dawn Miller, a rep for Hilton.

/>FAMILY MATTERS Andrea Arlington Dunn (center) with her daughters, Gabrielle Neiers, 16 (left), and Alexis.

My So-Called Real Life

A t Alexis Neiers’s home in Westlake Village on the afternoon of her arraignment, the E! reality crew was filming a scene in which Neiers’s parents recount for their younger daughter, Gabrielle, what happened in court that day. Neiers’s mother, Andrea Arlington Dunn, and father, Mikel Neiers, stood in the living room, taking direction from E! supervising producer Gennifer Gardiner, who was feeding them lines: “Tell her, ‘Everything’s going to be O.K., Gabby.’”

“Everything’s going to be O.K., Gabby,” said Dunn, who was still dressed for court in a brown suit. A former Playboy Playmate, Dunn&mdashnow married to Jerry Dunn, a production designer for television&mdashis a masseuse and holistic healthcare practitioner. Their house, which sits on a rolling, manicured street, is decorated with religious talismans and floor-standing statues of Buddha which Dunn said she got at the closing of a Thai restaurant.

Mikel Neiers, Alexis’s father, a tall man in a blazer and jeans&mdasha former director of photography on Friends who Alexis says “has been in the industry forever”&mdash was looking rather shell-shocked. “He doesn’t really have a place right now,” Dunn said, explaining why her ex-husband sometimes lives with the family.

“I’ve had a lot of struggles with my dad falling off the face of this earth and not being a father,” Alexis had complained earlier. (Her father declined to comment on this.) Continuing on the theme of her difficulties, she said, “I had a boyfriend who was into drugs.”

Alexis’s “dysfunctional background” was the reason why, she said, she “related so well” to Tess Taylor, who sometimes also lives in the Neiers-Dunn household. Taylor, 20, a Playboy Cyber Girl, is still being investigated for her role in the Bling Ring burglaries, according to sources in the L.A.P.D. Taylor’s lawyer, Jeffery Rubenstein, had no comment.

Alexis met Taylor (a stage name her real name is Adler), a dark-haired bombshell, in ballet class when they were toddlers. “We took her in” six years ago, Alexis said. “My mom kinda fell off the face of the planet,” Taylor said on the phone. She said she doesn’t know where her mother is. “I feel like she’s my other half,” said Alexis, “I love to go out and dance with my sister.” They can also be seen making out with each other in the straight-to-DVD teen flick Frat Party.

It was their ubiquity on the Hollywood club scene that got E! interested in the girls for their reality show, tentatively titled Pretty Wild, last year. The pilot&mdashwhich airs in March unfortunately, I may be in it, having been around while they were filming&mdash includes a wild night in which Alexis and Taylor hit the club Wonderland in Hollywood with their friend rapper Mickey Avalon. “He’s such an awesome guy!” Alexis says.

The morning after, October 22, the L.A.P.D. showed up at Alexis’s door with a search warrant. In the house, cops found a Marc Jacobs handbag allegedly belonging to Rachel Bilson and a Chanel necklace allegedly belonging to Lindsay Lohan. Alexis denies stealing the items, saying, “I have receipts for everything.” The reality-crew cameras kept rolling as Alexis exited Van Nuys Jail that night after being bailed out on a $50,000 bond. Taylor was released after questioning.

I t was through Taylor that Alexis had come to know Nick Prugo&mdashwho knew Taylor via mutual friends in the “Valley party scene.” (Taylor went to Oak View High School, while Alexis was homeschooled.) “I didn’t care for Nick,” Alexis said, “because he took all of Tess’s attention. There was a lot of jealousy between me and Tess and him.”

“Tess wanted me to be her little best friend,” said Prugo. “Tess and Alexis got into a fight about me.” He also claims that Rachel Lee was “jealous” of his friendship with the girls.

Alexis said Prugo told her and Taylor that he was a “stylist” for his father’s film company, which was presumably why he had access to the expensive designer clothes he would let the girls “borrow.” And that is why, Taylor explained, she could be seen in a tryout for a commercial for Axe body spray wearing a vest that cops say belongs to Rachel Bilson&mdash because “Nick dressed me for the commercial.” Prugo maintains that Alexis and Taylor were aware the clothes were stolen, and made up the story about his being a stylist as a cover for Alexis’s mother.

“Nick really liked the life we had,” Alexis said. “He wanted to live like us. He wanted to tag along with us to the clubs we went to, like Apple, Guys & Dolls, Teddy’s, Ecco. It was known that we were out hanging out with Emile Hirsch and Leonardo DiCaprio&mdashjust, like, typical Young Hollywood.”

“They were the first people that brought me out to clubs,” Prugo allows.

Later in the afternoon, Gabby and Dunn were in the kitchen, filming a scene in which they were arguing about how to deal with Taylor and Alexis’s excessive partying. The producer, Gardiner, fed them lines: “ ‘You need to be a stronger parent, Mom!’ ‘These girls are out of control!’”

Alexis went onto the porch to smoke a cigarette. She started discussing the Bling Ring. “Rachel’s a klepto freak,” she said. “She was so manipulating, so conniving. Nick always did what she said. Rachel was in charge. She started it all. Nick, he was a dude&mdashwhy would he be knocking off chicks’ houses?”

“The Beautiful, Gorgeous Things”

B y the beginning of 2009, the Bling Ring was in full escalation mode. “While this activity started as a twisted adventure for Prugo and his small group of friends fueled by celebrity worship,” says the L.A.P.D. report, “it quickly mushroomed into an organized criminal enterprise.”

Between October and December of 2008 there had been four more burglaries of Hilton’s house. By February there were allegedly more people involved: Diana Tamayo, president of the class of 2008 at Indian Hills, an illegal Mexican immigrant, according to cops, voted “Best Smile,” and Courtney Ames, an old friend of Lee’s who went to Calabasas High School and whose stepfather is famed welterweight Randy Shields. “Wanna smoke a bluuunt,” Ames wrote on her Facebook page in November.

“I didn’t want all these people coming in,” Prugo said. “I found it odd that Rachel would want to involve more people.”

Still, he participated in the planning of the December 19, $2 million heist of Hilton’s jewelry, allegedly stolen by Roy Lopez, who cops say had been brought in by Ames. She and Lopez had worked together at Sagebrush Cantina, a bar-restaurant in Calabasas. (After Lopez was arrested, on October 22, he produced the majority of Hilton’s jewelry, which was returned to her. Lopez, cops say, had not had the criminal sophistication to fence it.)

I met Ames&mdasha light-eyed girl with dyed black hair&mdashat Art’s Deli on Ventura Boulevard one night in November. A friend of hers had told me she’d be there. “I didn’t do any of this,” she said flatly. “I’m not into that whole crowd that’s into fame.”

She has been charged with one count of residential burglary of Paris Hilton’s home. The L.A.P.D. has pictures of her at Les Deux&mdashwhere she met her boyfriend, Johnny Ajar&mdashwearing a Diane von Furstenberg leather jacket allegedly belonging to Hilton. Ames’s lawyer, Robert Schwartz, denies that she was involved in the burglaries.

The stuff, the designer goods&mdashas Prugo said, “the beautiful, gorgeous things, like Marc Jacobs, Gucci, Yves Saint Laurent”&mdashwas accumulating, and, according to Prugo, the kids were wearing it around the Valley and to Hollywood clubs. “Diana’s, like, entire personal wardrobe was made up of clothing she stole,” he said. “Patently false,” said her lawyer, Howard Levy. Tamayo has been charged with two counts of residential burglary of Lohan’s home and the attempted burglary of Ashley Tisdale’s.

The kids seemed to be insatiable&mdashand fearless. They allegedly kept on robbing even after Audrina Patridge posted the surveillance video, believed to be of Lee and Prugo, on her Web site in February. Patridge had hoped that someone would come forward to identify the thieves, but, miraculously, no one did, even though the video was picked up by TMZ and ran on L.A.’s local news stations.

“I was watching KTLA and I saw us and I just broke down,” Prugo said. “Rachel made it seem like it was O.K.”

According to the L.A.P.D.’s report, the Bling Ring collectively burglarized Rachel Bilson a full six times in April and May, taking nearly $130,000 in property&mdashso much stuff (clothing, jewelry, makeup, handbags), Prugo said, that they tried to unload some of it on the boardwalk at Venice Beach, scoring a few thousand dollars. In August, they allegedly robbed Brian Austin Green, but their real target was his live-in girlfriend, Megan Fox Prugo said Lee liked her wardrobe.

Prugo also said that some of the kids continued to conduct surveillance on additional targets, including the homes of Disney stars Miley Cyrus, Zac Efron, Hilary Duff, and Vanessa Hudgens. Meanwhile, he said, he was becoming increasingly nervous about their activities&mdash“worried, scared, just uneasy all the time, anxious, anxious.”

Lee may also have been growing concerned. In late July she moved to Las Vegas to live with her father, David Lee, an independent businessman from South Korea. Prugo helped her move, driving through the desert with her car filled up with bags of stolen property.

The Sting

B ut Rachel Lee couldn’t resist pulling off one last heist, Prugo said: “Rachel’s, like, biggest conquest was Lindsay Lohan. It was her ultimate fashion icon.”

Lee returned to L.A. from Vegas and, on the night of August 23, Prugo, Lee, and Tamayo allegedly burglarized Lohan’s Spanish-style home in the Hollywood Hills of close to $130,000 in clothes and jewelry. Lee and Tamayo were, “like, freaking out over Lindsay’s stuff,” Prugo said. “I didn’t even want to go to Lindsay’s, because I had a feeling if anything was taken,” in the way of surveillance videos, “it would be released.”

It was. On August 26, the L.A.P.D.&mdash with Lohan’s permission&mdashreleased her surveillance video to TMZ. Now there were two videos circulating (Lohan’s and Patridge’s), making it all but plain to see that they had captured images of the same people, and that there was a connection between the Hollywood Hills burglaries. Tips started pouring in as to the thieves’ identities. But police were already moving on information they had received from someone who said she overheard Lee and Prugo bragging of their exploits at a party. Cops used Facebook to ascertain that Lee and Prugo were “friends” with each other.

On October 22, two weeks after Prugo confessed, the L.A.P.D. was issued search warrants for Ajar, Tamayo, Ames, Neiers, Lopez, and Lee. They found Lee at her father’s Las Vegas home. “During the warrant service,” says the L.A.P.D. report, “Lee asked several officers if they would release her if she told them where ‘everything is.’ ”

“Hypothetically,” Lee allegedly said, “let’s say I might know where this property is located and who has it, how could that help me?”

“It is clear that Lee felt that she successfully removed all items of stolen property from the residence,” the report goes on. “However, when Lee saw” that cops had found a coat allegedly belonging to Lindsay Lohan and some topless pictures of Paris Hilton (stolen from Hilton’s unlocked safe) on the premises, “her mood instantly changed from being calm and collected to instantly becoming nearly hysterical, physically ill, and gagging as though she were about to vomit.

“Lee asked Detective [Leanne] Hoffman,” of the L.A.P.D., “if she had spoken to the victims. Hoffman replied that she had spoken to all of the victims. Lee became excited and asked, ‘What did Lindsay say?’”

Lee has been charged with three counts of residential burglary of the homes of Lindsay Lohan, Paris Hilton, and Audrina Patridge.


I t isn’t clear yet whether there will be a trial in the case of the Bling Ring. If there is, all the celebrity victims may be called to appear, and it’s possible that Nick Prugo will be the prosecution’s star witness. It isn’t a role he relishes&mdashhe’s been called “a rat,” although many other members of the Bling Ring told police of each other’s involvement as well&mdashbut, he said, “I’m just trying to help the police in any way I can.”

Awaiting the resolution of the case, Prugo is living at home, attending the University of Phoenix online, and seeing a therapist weekly. Since Lee was arrested, he says, he has not had any contact with her. “It was a real friendship, and this whole thing’s been really hard,” he said. “I still love her.”

He said he believes that confessing was “the turning point in my life. I want to make it clear that everything I had in my possession I gave back. It was really hard for me to do that, but the stuff wasn’t mine anyway, so I’m a piece of shit for taking it.

“I’m just really trying to make whatever amends I can, especially to these celebrities that I victimized,” he said. “I really want them to know that I’m sorry. I’m not really sure how I’m going to do that yet. But I really plan on making some formal apology to them. I don’t know how they’ll react. I mean, to have someone in your house, where it’s your most personal of sanctuaries. ” He seemed at a loss for words.

He was wearing a pair of good-looking shoes, shiny black sneakers. I asked him where he got them. “A thrift store,” he said ruefully. “Thirteen bucks.”

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